Anatomy Exam 1

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Anatomy Exam 1
2013-09-13 15:13:28

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  1. Skeletal System
    Major Components: Bones, Cartilages, Tendons, Ligaments, Joints

    Function: Body support and protection
  2. Nervous System
    Major Components: Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves, Sensory Receptors

    Function: Detects internal and external changes and allows for the proper response. Helps maintain Homeostasis via transmission
  3. Head/Tail
    Superior (Cranial)/Inferior (Caudal)
  4. Front/Back
    Anterior (Ventral)/ Posterior (Dorsal)
  5. Endocrine System
    Major Components: Pituitary, Thymus, Thyroid, Adrenal, Pineal glands. Ovaries, testes, pancreas

    Function: Helps maintain homeostasis. Promotes growth and development
  6. Lymphatic/Immunity System
    Major Components: Lymph Nodes, Lymphatic Vessel, Spleen, Thymus, Tonsils, Lymphoid Tissue

    Function: Cleanses blood of pathogens and debris
  7. Cardiovascular System
    Major Components: Heart, Blood Vessels, Blood

    Function: Pump blood and distribute it all over the body
  8. Muscular System
    Major Components: Muscles

    Function: Allows movement
  9. Urinary System
    Major Components: Urinary bladder, Kidneys, Ureters, Urethra

    Function: Rids body of Nitrogen-containing wastes
  10. Respiratory System
    Major Components: Lungs, Trachea, Nasal Passages, Pharynx, Larynx, Bronchi

    Function: Keeps blood supplied with Oxygen and removes Carbon Dioxide
  11. Reproductive System
    Major Components: Ovaries, Testes, Vagina, Penis, Uterus, Mammary Glands

    Function: (male) Provides germ cells for perpetuation of species. (female) Provides germ cell. Uterus houses fetus. Mammary glands provide nutrition
  12. Integumentary System
    Major Components: Skin, Epidermis, Dermis

    Function: Protects deeper organs from injury and drying out
  13. Digestive System
    Major Components: Oral Cavity Esophagus, Stomach, Small and Large Intestines, Teeth, Pancreas, Liver

    Function: Breakdown food and absorb it into the blood stream
  14. Inside/Along the Edges
  15. Inside/Outside
  16. Surface/Below Surface
  17. Close/Far From
  18. Middle/Outer
  19. Right Hypochondriac Region
    • Liver
    • Gallbladder
  20. Right Lumber Region
    • Colon
    • Large Intestine
  21. Right Iliac Region
    • Cecum
    • Appendix
  22. Epigastric Region
  23. Umbilical Region
    • Colon
    • Small Intestine
  24. Hypogastric Region
    Urinary Bladder
  25. Left Hypochondriac Region
    • Diaphragm
    • Spleen
    • Stomach
  26. Left Lumbar Region
    Large Intestine
  27. Left Iliac
  28. How does anatomy relate to physiology
    Anatomy is the study of body structures and their relationships. Physiology is the science of how the body parts function
  29. List and describe five external factors that must be present or provided to sustain life
    • Responsiveness: ability to sense change
    • Movement: Propelling ourselves from one place to another
    • Growth: Increase of a body part of the organism as a whole
    • Reproduction: Making a whole new person
    • Digestion: Breaking down ingested food