random grammar

Card Set Information

Author:
AF
ID:
234804
Filename:
random grammar
Updated:
2013-09-14 16:51:57
Tags:
verbs genders
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Description:
misc
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  1. genders - generally feminine - noun endings
  2. Nouns ending in:
    • - tion, sion, son
    • - ure
    • - ude
    • - ade
    • - ée
    • - té
    • - ière
    • - ie
    • - euse
    • - ance, ence
    • - most other endings vowel + cons + e: ine, ise, alle, elle, esse, ette
  3. Masculine nouns - endings
    • Nouns ending in:
    • - age, ment
    • - il, ail, eil, ueil
    • - é but not té
    • - eau and ou
    • - ème, ège
    • - i, at, et, and ot
    • - er, oir, 
    • - isme, ing, ard
    • - consonants
  4. three weird rules for feminine nouns
    • Three weird ones:- always feminine, no matter gender of person (personne, victime, recrue, connaissance)
    • - female animals (chatte, chienne, louve)
    • - place names ending in e
  5. three weird rules for masculine nouns
    • - always masculin, whatever gender of person (amateur, auteur, témoin, vainqueur, voyou, certain job titles)
    • - male animals: étalon (stallion), cerf (stag), matou (tomcat)
    • - names of towns. Also, other place names NOT ending in - e. except le Mexique, le Combodge, le Zimbabwe
  6. more feminine nouns + 7 exceptions
    • - figurative nouns ending in eur derived from an adjective: rougeur, largeur, pâleur, couleur, horreur
    • - learn these exceptions: cage, eau, image, merci, page, peau, plage
  7. more masculine nouns + 10 exceptions
    • - nouns ending in eur derived from a verb, people or machines: aspirateur, facteur, ordinateur
    • - exceptions: cimetière, episode, espace, intervalle, lycée, magazine, mille, musée, silence, stade
    • - verb-nouns. porte-monnaie, pare-brise.

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