Lecture 1

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Lecture 1
2013-09-14 17:27:35

Lecture 1 Notes and Helps
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  1. Nursing is
    the basic care of others
  2. Aims of nursing
    • prevent illness
    • promote health
    • restore health
    • facilitate coping with disability or death
  3. Maslow heirarchy assessment of basic human needs:
    • 1. physiological
    • 2.safety
    • 3. love and belonging
    • 4.esteem
    • 5. self-actualization
  4. Major areas of risk factors for illness & injury
    • Age:school aged children
    • Genetics: family history of cancer
    • Physiological Factors: Obesity
    • Health Habits: smoking/poor nutrition
    • Lifestyle: multiple sexual relations
    • Enviorment: hazardous material
  5. Fall reduction safety measures in acute care
    • 1. communicate
    • 2.thorough orentation of surroundings
    • 3. observe for enviormental hazards
    • 4. make sure bed and wheel chairs are locked
    • 5.call bell
    • 6. footwear
    • 7. appropriate use of restraints and siderails.
  6. R
    • Rescue
    • activate fire alarm
    • confine the fire
    • evacuate pt
  7. P
    • Pull the pin
    • Aim at the base of the fire
    • Squeeze handle
    • Sweep base of fire
  8. Infection:
    a disease state that results from the presence of pathogens in or on the body
  9. Pathogens:
    disease-producing microorganisms
  10. Bacteria
    most significant and most observed infection-causing agents in health care institutions.
  11. Aspesis
    all activities to prevent infection or break the chain of infection
  12. Medical Asepsis
    involves procedures and practices that reduce the number and transfer or pathogens
  13. Surgical Aspesis
    practices used to render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms.
  14. Transcient Bacteria
    • - occur on hands of daily living
    • -can be removed relatively easily by frequent and thorough handwashing.
  15. Resident Bacteria
    • -normally found in creases of the skin
    • -considerable friction with a brush to remove them
    • -less susceptible to antiseptics then are transient bacteria
  16. nosocomial
    a bacteria that has origenated form the hospital.
  17. Teir 1 Standard precautions:
    • hand hygiene
    • wear gloves
    • wear ppe
    • follow respitatoy hygiene
    • avoid recapping needles
    • safe injection practices
    • wear a face mask
    • handle soiled equipment properly
  18. Teir 2
    Airborne Precautions
    • use for patient that have infections that spread through the air
    • place pt in private room
    • wear a mask /respirator
    • transport pt only out of room when neccesary
  19. Teir 2 Droplet Precautions
    • pt with an infection that is spread by large particle droplets
    • private room
    • wear ppe
    • keep visitors 3 ft from the pt
  20. Teir 2 Contact Precautions
    • pt who is infected by multidrug ressistant organism
    • pt in private room
    • wear ppe; remove ppe before leaving the roomand wash hands
    • avoid sharing pt equipment