Pharm chp 13

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bsmith950
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234820
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Pharm chp 13
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2013-09-14 18:14:39
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Pharm chp 13
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Pharm chp 13
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  1. Phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine)
    Therapeutic Class: ?
    Pharmacologic Class: ?
    Action and Use: ?
    Pregnancy Category: ?
    T class: Nasal Decongestant; mydriatic drug; antihypotensive

    Pharm class: Adrenergic agent (sympathomimetic)

    Action and Use: a selective alpha-adrenergic agonist. Stimulates sympathetic

    Preg Cat: C
  2. Sympathomimetics/Adrenergic Drugs do what?
    Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system
  3. Adrenergic antagonists do what and what is another name for them?
    Inhibition of the sympathetic nervous system

    Sympatholytics
  4. Parasympathomimetics/Cholinergic Drugs do what?
    Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous systerm
  5. Anticholinergics do what?
    Inhibition of the parasympathetic nervous system
  6. T class: Nasal Decongestant; mydriatic drug; antihypotensive

    Pharm class: Adrenergic agent (sympathomimetic)

    Action and Use: a selective alpha-adrenergic agonist. Stimulates sympathetic

    Preg Cat: C
    Phenylephrine (neo-synephrine)
  7. What types of drugs stimulate the sympathetic nervous system?
    Sympathomimetics or Adrenergic Drugs
  8. What type of drugs inhibit the sympathetic nervous system?
    Adrenergic antagonists or sympatholytics
  9. What type of drugs stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system?
    Parasympathomimetics or Cholinergic Drugs
  10. What type of drugs inhibit the parasympathetic nervous system?
    Anticholinergics
  11. Prazosin (Minipress)

    Therapeutic Class: ?

    Pharm Class: ?

    Actions and Uses: ?
    T class: Antihypertensive

    Pharm class: Adrenergic-blocking drug

    Action: selective alpha-adrenergic antagonist that competes with norepinephrine at its receptors on vascular smooth muscle in arterioles and veins. Reduces BP
  12. T class: Antihypertensive

    Pharm class: Adrenergic-blocking drug

    Action: selective alpha-adrenergic antagonist that competes with norepinephrine at its receptors on vascular smooth muscle in arterioles and veins. Reduces BP
    Prazosin (Minipress)
  13. Bethanechol (Duvoid, Urecholine)

    T Class: ?

    Pharm Class: ?

    Action:?

    Preg Cat: ?
    T Class: Nonobstructive Urinary retention agent

    Pharm Class: Muscarinic cholinergic receptor agent

    Action: direct-acting parasympathomimetic that interacts with muscarinic receptors to cause actions typical of parasympathetic stimulation

    Preg Cat: C
  14. T Class: Nonobstructive Urinary retention agent

    Pharm Class: Muscarinic cholinergic receptor agent

    Action: direct-acting parasympathomimetic that interacts with muscarinic receptors to cause actions typical of parasympathetic stimulation

    Preg Cat: C
    Bethanechol (Duvoid, Urecholine)
  15. Physostigmine (Antilirium)

    T Class: ?

    Pharm Class: ?

    Preg Cat: ?
    T class: Antidote for atropine-induced delirium

    Pharm class: Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor

    Action: An indirect-acting parasympathomimetic that inhibits the destruction of Ach by AchE

    Preg Cat: C
  16. T class: Antidote for atropine-induced delirium

    Pharm class: Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor

    Action: An indirect-acting parasympathomimetic that inhibits the destruction of Ach by AchE

    Preg Cat: C
    Physostigmine (Antilirium)
  17. Atropine (Atro-Pen)

    T Class: 

    Pharm class:

    Action:

    Preg cat:
    T class: Antidote for anticholinesterase poisoning

    Pharm class: Muscarinic Cholinergic receptor blocker

    Action: By occupying muscarinic receptors, atropine blocks the parasympathetic actions of Ach and induces symptoms of the fight or flight response

    Preg cat: C
  18. T class: Antidote for anticholinesterase poisoning

    Pharm class: Muscarinic Cholinergic receptor blocker

    Action: By occupying muscarinic receptors, atropine blocks the parasympathetic actions of Ach and induces symptoms of the fight or flight response

    Preg cat: C
    Atropine (Atro-Pen)
  19. Therapeutic uses of anticholinergics include: ?
    • GI disorders
    • Ophthalmic procedures
    • Cardiac rhythm abnormalities
    • Preanesthesia¬†
    • Asthma
    • Overactive bladder
  20. Two branches of the Nervous System?
    • Central Nervous System and¬†
    • Peripheral Nervous System
  21. Two branches of the CNS?
    Brain and Spinal Cord
  22. Two branches of the PNS?
    Motor Neurons and Sensory Neurons
  23. Two branches of the Motor Neurons?
    Somatic Nervous System and Autonomic Nervous System
  24. What is the Somatic Nervous System?
    Controls voluntary movements by activating skeletal muscles
  25. What is the Autonomic Nervous System?
    Controls involuntary responses by influencing organs, glands and smooth muscle
  26. What are the two branches of the ANS?
    • Sympathetic Division and
    • Parasympathetic Division
  27. What does the sympathetic division of the ANS do?
    • Prepares the body for stressful or energetic activity
    • Fight or Flight
  28. What does the Parasympathetic Division of the ANS do?
    Dominates during times of rest and digestion; directs maintenance activities.
  29. What receptors are active during sympathetic response/fight or flight?
    Adrenergic receptors
  30. What receptors are active during parasympathetic response/rest and digest?
    Cholinergic receptors
  31. What response is acting with adrenergic receptors?
    Sympathetic response/fight or flight
  32. What response is acting with Cholinergic Receptors?
    Parasympathetic response/rest and digest
  33. What two receptors are found in Adrenergic Receptors?
    Alpha and Beta

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