Anatomy Test 1

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Anonymous
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234851
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Anatomy Test 1
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2013-09-14 20:57:54
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Anatomy Test 1 Flash Cards
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  1. What is the lever arm?
    The distance between the joint center and the muscle insertion.
  2. What nerve roots do the sympathetic enter/exit the spine at?
    T1-L2
  3. What nerve roots do the parasympathetic enter/exit the CNS at?
    Cranial/Sacral levels only.
  4. Significance of the Inferior Gluteal Line and Anterior Gluteal Lines of the Ilium.
    • Inferior Gluteal Line: origin of rectus femoris
    • Anterior Gluteal Line: Darkened Crest

    In between the two: Gluteus Minimus
  5. 5 ligaments that increase the strength of the hip.
    • 1. Iliofemoral Ligament
    • 2. Pubofemoral Ligament
    • 3. Ischiofemoral Ligament
    • 4. Transverse Acetabular Ligament
    • 5. Labrum
  6. Where is the iliofemoral ligament found?
    • Superior to the joint capsule of the hip.
    • From the ilium to the intertrochanteric line.
  7. What are the boundaries of the thigh?
    • Superior: inguinal ligament
    • Inferior: Gluteus Maximus
    • Posterior: Gluteal Fold
    • Deep: Quadriceps Femoris
  8. What are the boundaries of the femoral triangle?
    • Superior: Inguinal ligament
    • Medial: medial Adductor longus
    • Lateral: medial Sartorius
  9. What 3 (or 4) muscles make up the pelvic floor?
    • 1. Pectineus
    • 2. Adductor Longus
    • 3. Iliosoas (Iliacus & Psoas Major)
  10. What is the Linea Aspera?
    • Posterior region of the femur
    • Creates the Medial and Lateral Supracondylar Lines.
  11. Derive the Femoral Artery.
    Abdominal Aorta --> Common Iliac Artery --> External Iliac Artery -- (passes through the Inguinal Ligament) --> Femoral Artery
  12. Derive the Popliteal Artery.
    Abdominal Aorta --> Common Iliac Artery --> External Iliac Artery -- (passes through the Inguinal Ligament) --> Femoral Artery -- (passes out of the Adductor Canal, goes through the Adductor Hiatus, and into the Popliteal Fossa) --> Popliteal Artery
  13. Derive the Recurrent Branch of the Anterior Tibial Artery.
    Abdominal Aorta --> Common Iliac Artery --> External Iliac Artery -- (passes through the Inguinal Ligament) --> Femoral Artery -- (passes out of the Adductor Canal, goes through the Adductor Hiatus, and into the Popliteal Fossa) --> Popliteal Artery -- (leaves the Popliteal Fossa) --> Anterior Tibial Artery --> Recurrent Branch of the Anterior Tibial Artery
  14. Derive the Multiple Branches of the Femoral Artery.
    Common Iliac Artery --> External Iliac Artery --> Femoral Artery -- (passes under Inguinal Ligament accompanied by vein within Femoral Sheath) --> Branches of the Femoral Artery
  15. Derive the Lumbar Branch of the Iliolumbar Artery.
    Common Iliac Artery --> Internal Iliac Artery --> Posterior Trunk of the Internal Iliac Artery --> Iliolumbar Artery --> Lumbar Branch
  16. What are the 3 bones of the knee?
    • 1. femur
    • 2. tibia
    • 3. patella
  17. What type of joint is the tibial-fibular joint?
    synovial plane joint
  18. What stabilizes the tibial-fibular joint?
    • Proximally: anterior/posterior ligaments
    • Distally: anterior/posterior/transverse tibiofibular ligaments
  19. Describe pronation of the foot.
    ABduct & evert.
  20. Describe supination of the foot.
    ADDuct & invert.
  21. What type of joint are metatarsal phalangeal joints and where are they found?
    • Condylar Joints
    • Found between metatarsals and proximal phalanges.
  22. What is the function of the deep transverse ligaments?
    They join metatarsal heads and help the toes act as a single ligament.
  23. What type of joint is found between the tarsals and metatarsals?
    Tarsometatarsal Joints

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