Something that is simultaneously itself and a sign of something else.
A form of metaphor which in mentioning a part signifies the whole.
The ordering of words into patterns or sentences. If a poet shifts words from the usual word order, you know you are dealing with an older style of poetry or a poet who wants to shift emphasis onto a particular word.
A stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme
The main thought expressed by a work. In poetry, it is abstract concept which is made concrete through its representation in person, action, and image in the work
The manner in which an author expresses his or her attitude; The intonation of the voice that expresses meaning