Bontragers ch 1 - intro

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joesaflea
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234886
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Bontragers ch 1 - intro
Updated:
2013-09-15 17:06:21
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Bontragers
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prep for exam 1
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  1. How many individual body systems compose the total body?
    • 1 skeletal
    • 2 circulatory
    • 3 digestive
    • 4 respiratory
    • 5 urinary
    • 6 reproductive
    • 7 nervous
    • 8 muscular
    • 9 endocrine
    • 10 integumentary
  2. How many bones does the skeletal system include?
    206
  3. Determine the four functions of the skeletal system.
    • Support and protect the soft tissue of the body
    • Allow movement
    • Produce blood cells
    • Store calcium
  4. Osteology
    The study of bones.
  5. Arthrology
    The study of joints.
  6. How many bones make up the axial skeleton?
    • 80
    • Consisting of the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum.
  7. How many bones make up the appendicular skeleton?
    • 126
    • Consisting of the upper and lower limbs (extremities), the shoulder, and the pelvic girdles.
  8. Sesamoid Bones
    • A special type of small, oval-shaped bone that is embedded in certain tendons.
    • Most often near joints.
    • Largest sesamoid bones are the two patellae.
  9. The four classifications of bones.
    • Long bones
    • Short bones
    • Flat bones
    • Irregular bones
  10. Long bones.
    Found only in the appendicular skeleton.
  11. Short bones.
    • Found only in the wrists and ankles.
    • The 8 carpal bones and 7 tarsal bones.
  12. Flat bones.
    • Calvaria (skull cap)
    • sternum
    • ribs
    • scapulae
  13. Irregular bones.
    • Vertebrae
    • facial bones
    • bones of the base of the cranium
    • bones of the pelvis
  14. How many carpals are there?
    8
  15. How many tarsals are there?
    7
  16. What is the narrow space between the outer and inner table of the cranium called?
    diploƫ
  17. Where are red blood cells produced?
    Inside the shell of compact bone in the spongy or cancellous bone
  18. What is the term used for the process by which bones form in the body.
    Ossification.

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