Hydrotherapy MBLEX

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  1. Properties of water that make in an effective medium for hydrotherapy
    • Accessible, abundant, affordable
    • Universal solent
    • Can be used in any form (solid, liquid, gas) within a narrow temperature range
    • High specific heat; excellent ability carry and give off heat
    • Compatibility with body. Our bodies are comprised mostly of water.
    • conductivity; transfers quickly & effectively. The transfer of heat in water is 25 times faster than air.
    • Control of temperature is easy
    • Fluditiy allows for contouring to any body part, giving full contact to any treated areas ex. gel packs
  2. Temperatures
    Very Hot
    Hot
    Warm
    Tepid/Lukewarm
    Cool
    Cold
    Very Cold

    Boiling Point of Water
    Freezing Point
    Core Body Temp
    Paraffin Bath Wax
    Hydroculator
    Burns
    • Very Hot: 105-115
    • Hot: 100-104
    • Warm: 92-99
    • Tepid or Lukewarm: 80-91
    • Cool: 65-79
    • Cold: 55-64
    • Very Cold: 32-54
    • Boiling Point of Water: 212
    • Freezing Point: 32
    • Core Body Temp: 98.6
    • Paraffin Bath Wax: 120
    • Hydroculator: 160-166
    • Burns: 125
  3. The application of cold agents for therapeutic purposes
    Cryotherapy
  4. Duration - Physiological Effects (local) - Circulatory Effects
    Short Cold & Long Cold
    • Short Cold: less than one minute: Initial Vasoconstriction, Secondary Vasodilation, Vasoconstriction / increased circulation & metabolism of the cells
    • Long Cold: More than one minute, usually up to ten to fifteen minutes, 20 min max., Vasoconstriction, decrease circulation and metabolism
  5. Moist Heat vs. Dry Heat
    • Dry heat allows for higher surface temperatures
    • Moist heat is able to penetrate deeper layers of tissue, affecting the muscle, not just the skin and superficial layers.
    • Water conducts heat faster and better than air
  6. Safety Precautions for Heat Packs and Fomentations
    • Never lay one pack on top of another
    • Do not use toweling that is already moist
    • Do not use packs over cuts or abrasions
    • Do not use packs in conjunctions with balms or liniments
    • Always apply packs to client; never lay the client on the packs
    • When wrapping chemical gel packs, one or tow layers may be sufficient
  7. Applications for Heat Treatments
    • Gel Packs
    • Paraffin Bath
    • Hot Footbath
    • Heat Packs and Fomentations/Compresses
    • Electric heating pad and blankets
    • Hot immersion bath
    • Balneotherapy (whirlpools, therapeutic pools, hydro-massage)
    • Medicated bath
    • Sitz bath
    • Steam and sauna
    • Showers
    • Irrigations (colonics, enemas)
    • Prossage
  8. Who was the first hydrotherapist
    Vincent Preissnitz
  9. Father of Hydrotherapy, cured himself of tuberculosis
    Father Kneipp
  10. Who brought Kneipp's teachings to America
    • Benedict Lust
    • Henry Lindlar
  11. "Scientific hydrotherapy" was brought to the U.S. by two other physicians
    • Simon Baruch
    • John Harvey Kellogg
  12. A prominent Viennese physician, wrote more than 200 books and articles on hydrotherapy
    Wilhelm Winternitz
  13. What is Hydrotherapy
    • is the use of water in any of its three forms:
    • SOLID
    • LIQUID
    • VAPOR
    • Internally or externally, in the treatment of disease or trauma
  14. Hydrotherapy affects what systems
    • nervous
    • circulatory
    • musculoskeletal
  15. What is the goal
    It's all about blood flow, IMPROVING blood flow
  16. The 10 Commandments of Hydrotherapy
    • Always explain the procedure ahead of time
    • Keep a clear written record of hydrotherapy treatments
    • Treat the client before or 90 minutes after meals
    • With intense hydrotherapy treatments, treat the client at his/her strong time of day
    • take the client's body temperature and heart rate before, during and after to gauge the client's response to treatemnt
    • With intense heat treatments, it is important to always end with cold
    • Allow time and space for the client to rest after his/her hydrotherapy treatment
    • The larger the body part exposed to hot or cold, the lower the body's tolerance to the tratement
    • never apply heat if there is the possibility of bleeding and/or bruising
    • When in doubt, use cold. Cold is appropriate for any stage of injury.
  17. General Contraindications
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Pregnancy
    • MS
    • Heart Disorders
    • Severe Kidney Infection
    • Diabetes (Advanced)
    • Peripheral Neuropathy
    • Uncontrolled high or low blood pressure
    • Infectious skin disorders
    • Cancer
    • Vascular Disease/Peripheral Vascular Disease
    • Alcohol or Drug Intoxication
    • Undiagnosed Illness
    • Whiplash
    • HIV/AIDS
  18. Specific Contraindications to Cold Treatments
    • Acute Asthma
    • Cold Allergies (allergic to cold)
    • Raynaud's Phenomenon
  19. Specific Contraindications to Heat Treatments
    • Any acute inflammation
    • Known malignancy
    • Heat sensitivies
    • Sunburns
    • Burns
    • Recent/potential hemorrhage
    • Infection
    • Where liminments/heat rubs have recently been used
    • Hypertension/cardiac disorders
    • Varicose veins
  20. Negative Reactions to Hydrotherapy
    • COLD: Cyanosis
    • COLD: Red marbling of skin
    • COLD: Pain: stop treatment if the px spreads or is deep bone-chilling and lasts longer than one minute without moving through the cold/pain sensations
    • HEAT: Fullness or congestion in head
    • HEAT: Dizziness or lightheadness
    • HEAT: Faintness, fatigue or nausea

Card Set Information

Author:
JennieF
ID:
234903
Filename:
Hydrotherapy MBLEX
Updated:
2013-09-15 07:40:38
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Hydrotherapy
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Description:
Hydrotherapy MBLEX
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