rapid review 5

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Author:
theapk200
ID:
234961
Filename:
rapid review 5
Updated:
2013-09-15 14:30:40
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mle
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mine
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  1. condition: Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    common treatment: ??
    ceftiaxone (add Doxycycline to cover concurrent Chlamydia)
  2. condition: Neisseria meningitidis
    common treatment: ??
    penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)
  3. condition: neural tube defect prevention
    common treatment: ??
    prenatal folic acid
  4. condition: osteomalacia/rickets
    common treatment: ??
    vit D supplementation
  5. condition: Osteoporosis
    common treatment: ??
    bisphosphonates; calcium and vitamin D supplementation
  6. condition: patent ductus arteriosus
    common treatment: ??
    indomethacin
  7. condition: pheochromocytoma
    common treatment: ??
    α antagonists (e.g., phenoxybenzamine)
  8. condition: Pneumocystis jirovecii
    common treatment: ??
    TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patient)
  9. condition: prolactinoma
    common treatment: ??
    bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)
  10. condition: prostate cancer/uterine fibroids
    common treatment: ??
    Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)
  11. condition: prostate carcinoma
    common treatment: ??
    Flutamide
  12. condition: Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    common treatment: ??
    antipseudomonal penicillin+aminoglycoside
  13. condition: pulmonary arterial hypertension (idiopathic)
    common treatment: ??
    sildenafil, bosentan, epoprostenol
  14. condition: Rickettisia rickettsii
    common treatment: ??
    doxycycline, chloramphenicol (especially in context of aplastic anemia)
  15. condition: ring worm infections
    common treatment: ??
    terbinafine, griseofluvin, imidazole
  16. condition: schizophrenia (negative symptoms)
    common treatment: ??
    5-HT2A antagonists (e.g., second generation antipsychotics)
  17. condition: schizophrenia (positive symptoms)
    common treatment: ??
    D2 receptor antagonists (e.g., first and second generation antipsychotics)
  18. condition: SIADH
    common treatment: ??
    Demeclocycline, lithium, vasopressin receptor antagonists
  19. condition: sickle cell anemia
    common treatment: ??
    hydroxyurea (inc fetal Hb)
  20. condition: Sporothrix schenckii
    common treatment: ??
    oral potassium chloride
  21. condition: stable angina
    common treatment: ??
    sublingual nitroglycerin
  22. condition: staphylococcus aureus
    common treatment: ??
    • MSSA: nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin (antistaphylococcal penicillins); 
    • MRSA: vancomycin
  23. condition: Streptococcus bovis
    common treatment: ??
    penicillin prophylaxis; evaluation for colon cancer if linked to endocarditis
  24. condition: Streptococcus pneumoniae
    common treatment: ??
    penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia), vancomycin (meningitis)
  25. condition: Streptococcus pyogenes
    common treatment: ??
    penicillin prophylaxis
  26. condition: temporal arteritis
    common treatment: ??
    high dose steroids
  27. condition: tonic clonic seizures
    common treatment: ??
    phenytoin, valproate, carbamezepine
  28. condition: toxoplasma gondii
    common treatment: ??
    sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine
  29. condition: Treponema pallidum
    common treatment: ??
    penicillin
  30. condition: Trichomonas vaginalis
    common treatment: ??
    metronidazole (patient and partner)
  31. condition: ulcerative colitis
    common treatment: ??
    5-ASA, infliximab
  32. condition: UTI prophylaxis
    common treatment: ??
    TMP-SMX
  33. condition: Warfarin toxicity
    common treatment: ??
    • fresh frozen plasma (acute)
    • vit K (chronic)
  34. condition: Wegener's granulomatosis with polyangiitis
    common treatment: ??
    Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids
  35. disease/finding: actinic (solar) keratosis
    most common/important association: ??
    precursor to squamous cell carcinoma
  36. disease/finding: acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury
    most common/important association: ??
    Cushing's ulcer (inc ICP stimulates vagal gastric secretion)
  37. disease/finding: acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns
    most common/important association: ??
    Curling's ulcer (greatly reduced plasma volume results in sloughing of gastric mucosa)
  38. disease/finding: alternating areas of transmural inflammation and normal colon
    most common/important association: ??
    skip lesions (Crohn's disease
  39. disease/finding: aneurysm, dissecting
    most common/important association: ??
    hypertension
  40. disease/finding: aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aorta
    most common/important association: ??
    atherosclerosis
  41. disease/finding: aortic aneurysm, arch
    most common/important association: ??
    tertiary syphilis (syphilitic aortitis), vasa vasorum distruction
  42. disease/finding: aortic aneurysm, ascending
    most common/important association: ??
    Marfan's synd (idiopathic cystic medial degeneration)
  43. disease/finding:  atrophy of the mammillary bodies
    most common/important association: ??
    Wernicke's encephalopathy (thiamine deficiency causing ataxia, ophthalmoplegia and confusion)
  44. disease/finding: autosplenectomy (fibrosis and shrinkage)
    most common/important association: ??
    sickle cell anemia (Hb S)
  45. disease/finding: bacteria associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and stomach cancer
    most common/important association: ??
    H.pylori
  46. disease/finding: bacterial meningitis (adults and elderly)
    most common/important association: ??
    Streptococcus pneumoniae
  47. disease/finding: bacterial meningitis (new borns and kids)
    most common/important association: ??
    group B Streptococcus (newborns), S.pneumoniae/Neisseira meningitidis (kids)
  48. disease/finding: benign melanocytic nevus
    most common/important association: ??
    spitz nevus (most common in first two decades)
  49. disease/finding: bleeding disorder with GpIb deficiency
    most common/important association: ??
    Bernard-Soulier synd (defect in platelet adhesion to von Willebrand's factor)
  50. disease/finding: brain tumors (adults)
    most common/important association: ??
    supratentorial: metastasis > astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiforme) > meningioma > schwannoma
  51. disease/finding: brain tumors (kids)
    most common/important association: ??
    • infratentorial: medulloblastoma (cerebellum) or
    • supratentorial: craniopharyngioma (cerebrum)
  52. disease/finding: breast cancer
    most common/important association: ??
    infiltrating duct carcinoma (in US 1 in 9 women will develop breast cancer)
  53. disease/finding: breast mass
    most common/important association: ??
    fibrocystic change, carcinoma (in postmenopausal women)
  54. disease/finding: breast tumor (benign)
    most common/important association: ??
    fibroadenoma
  55. disease/finding: cardiac primary tumor (kids)
    most common/important association: ??
    rhabdomyoma, often seen in tuberous sclerosis
  56. disease/finding: cardiac manifestation of lupus
    most common/important association: ??
    Libmann-Sacks endocarditis (non bacterial, affecting both sides of mitral valve)
  57. disease/finding: cardiac tumor (adults)
    most common/important association: ??
    metastasis, primary myxoma (4:1 left to right atrium; "ball and valve")
  58. disease/finding: cerebellar tonsillar herniation
    most common/important association: ??
    Chiari malformation (often presents with progressive hydrocephalus or syringomelia)
  59. disease/finding: chronic arrhythmia
    most common/important association: ??
    atrial fibrillation (assosiated with high risk of emboli)
  60. disease/finding: chronic atrophic gastritis (autoimmune)
    most common/important association: ??
    predisposition to gastric carcinoma (can also cause pernicious anemia)
  61. disease/finding: clear cell adenocarcinoma of vagina
    most common/important association: ??
    DES exposure in utero
  62. disease/finding: compression fracture
    most common/important association: ??
    osteoporosis (type I: postmenopausal woman; type II: elderly man or woman)
  63. disease/finding: congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypotension
    most common/important association: ??
    21-hydroxylase deficiency
  64. disease/finding: congenital cardiac anamoly
    most common/important association: ??
    VSD
  65. disease/finding: congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)
    most common/important association: ??
    Dubin-Johnson synd (inability of hepatocytes to secrete conjugated bilirubin into bile)
  66. disease/finding: constrictive pericarditis
    most common/important association: ??
    tuberculosis (developing world); systemic lupus erythematosis (developed world)
  67. disease/finding: coronary artery involved in thrombosis
    most common/important association: ??
    LAD > RCA > LCA
  68. disease/finding: cretinism
    most common/important association: ??
    iodine deficit/hypothyroidism
  69. disease/finding: disease/finding: cushing's synd
    most common/important association: ??
    • iatrogenic cushing's (from corticosteroid therapy)
    • adrenocortical adenoma (secretes excess cortisol)
    • ACTH secreting pituitaty adenoma
    • paraneoplastic cushing's (due to ACTH secretion by tumors)

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