rapid review 6

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Author:
theapk200
ID:
234965
Filename:
rapid review 6
Updated:
2013-09-15 14:44:55
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mle
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  1. disease/finding: cyanosis (early; less common)
    most common/important association: ??
    tetralogy of fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus
  2. disease/finding: cyanosis (late; more common)
    most common/important association: ??
    VSD, ASD, PDA
  3. disease/finding: death in CML
    most common/important association: ??
    blast crisis
  4. disease/finding: death in SLE
    most common/important association: ??
    lupus nephropathy
  5. disease/finding: dementia
    most common/important association: ??
    alzheimer's disease, multiple infarcts
  6. disease/finding: demyelinating disease in young women
    most common/important association: ??
    mutiple sclerosis
  7. disease/finding: DIC
    most common/important association: ??
    severe sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burns, trauma, major surgery
  8. disease/finding: dietary deficit
    most common/important association: ??
    iron
  9. disease/finding: diverticulum in pharynx
    most common/important association: ??
    Zenker's diverticulum (diagnosed by barium swallow)
  10. disease/finding: ejection click
    most common/important association: ??
    aortic/pulmonic stenosis
  11. disease/finding: esophageal cancer
    most common/important association: ??
    squamous cell carcinoma (world wide); adenocarcinoma (in us)
  12. disease/finding: food poisoning (exotoxin mediated)
    most common/important association: ??
    S.aureus, B.cereus
  13. disease/finding: glomerulonephritis (adults)
    most common/important association: ??
    Berger's disease (IgA nephropathy)
  14. disease/finding: gynaecologic malignancy
    most common/important association: ??
    • endometrial carcinoma (most common in US)
    • cervical carcinoma (most common worldwide)
  15. disease/finding: heart murmur, congenital
    most common/important association: ??
    mitral valve prolapse
  16. disease/finding: heart valve in bacterial endocarditis
    most common/important association: ??
    mitral > aortic (rheumatic fever), tricuspid (IV drug abuse)
  17. disease/finding: helminth infection (U.S)
    most common/important association: ??
    Enterobius vermicularis, Ascaris lumbricoides
  18. disease/finding: hematoma - epidural
    most common/important association: ??
    rupture of middle meningeal artery (trauma; lentiform shaped)
  19. disease/finding: hematoma - subdural
    most common/important association: ??
    rupture of bridging veins (crescent shaped)
  20. disease/finding: Hemochromatosis
    most common/important association: ??
    multiple blood transfusions or hereditary HFE mutation (can result in CHF, "bronze diabetes" and inc risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)
  21. disease/finding: hepatocellular carcinoma
    most common/important association: ??
    cirrhotic liver (associated with hepatitis B and C and with alcoholism)
  22. disease/finding: hereditary bleeding disorder
    most common/important association: ??
    von Willebrand's disease
  23. disease/finding: hereditary harmless jaundice
    most common/important association: ??
    Gilbert's synd (benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia)
  24. disease/finding: HLA - B27
    most common/important association: ??
    ankylosing spondylitis, Reiter's synd, ulcerative colitis, psoriasis
  25. disease/finding: HLA - DR3 or DR4
    most common/important association: ??
    Diabetes mellitus type I, rheumatoid arthritis, SLE
  26. disease/finding: holosystolic murmur
    most common/important association: ??
    VSD, tricuspid regurgutation, mitral regurgitation
  27. disease/finding: hypercoagulability, endothelial damage, blood stasis
    most common/important association: ??
    Virchow's triad (results in venous thrombosis)
  28. disease/finding: hypertension, secondary
    most common/important association: ??
    renal disease
  29. disease/finding: hypoparathyroidism
    most common/important association: ??
    accidental excison during thyroidectomy
  30. disease/finding: hypopituitarism
    most common/important association: ??
    pituitary adenoma (usually benign tumor)
  31. disease/finding: infection secondary to blood transfusion
    most common/important association: ??
    hepatitis C
  32. disease/finding: infections in chronic granulomatous disease
    most common/important association: ??
    Staphylococcus aureus, E.coli, Aspergillus (catalase positive)
  33. disease/finding: kidney stones
    most common/important association: ??
    • calcium = radiopaque
    • Struvite (ammonium) = radiopaque (formed by urease positive organisms like Proteus vulgaris or Staphylococcus)
    • Uric acid = radiolucent
  34. disease/finding: late cyanotic shunt (uncorrected left to right becomes right to left)
    most common/important association: ??
    Eisenmenger's synd (caused by ASD, VSD, PDA; results in pulmonary hypertension/polycythemia)
  35. disease/finding: liver disease
    most common/important association: ??
    alcoholic cirrhosis
  36. disease/finding: lysosomal storage disease
    most common/important association: ??
    Gaucher's disease
  37. disease/finding: male cancer
    most common/important association: ??
    prostatic carcinoma
  38. disease/finding: malignancy associated with noninfectious fever
    most common/important association: ??
    Hodgkin's lymphoma
  39. malignancy (kids)
    most common/important association: ??
    ALL, medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
  40. disease/finding: mental retardation
    most common/important association: ??
    Down synd, fragile X synd
  41. disease/finding: metastases to bone
    most common/important association: ??
    prostate, breast > lung > thyroid, testes
  42. disease/finding: metastases to brain
    most common/important association: ??
    lung > breast > genitourinaty > osteosarcoma > melanoma > GI
  43. disease/finding: metastases to liver
    most common/important association: ??
    colon >> stomach, pancreas
  44. disease/finding: mitochondrial inheritence
    most common/important association: ??
    disease occurs in both males and females; inherited through females only
  45. disease/finding: mitral valve stenosis
    most common/important association: ??
    rheumatic heart disease
  46. disease/finding: mixed (UMN and LMN) motor neuron disease
    most common/important association: ??
    ALS
  47. disease/finding: myocarditis
    most common/important association: ??
    coxsackie B
  48. disease/finding: nephrotic synd (adults)
    most common/important association: ??
    focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  49. disease/finding: nephrotic synd (kids)
    most common/important association: ??
    minimal change disease
  50. disease/finding: neuron migration failure
    most common/important association: ??
    kallmann synd (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia)
  51. disease/finding: nosocomia pneumonia
    most common/important association: ??
    Klebsiella, E.coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  52. disease/finding: obstruction of male urinary tract
    most common/important association: ??
    BPH
  53. disease/finding: opening snap
    most common/important association: ??
    mitral stenosis
  54. disease/finding: opportunistic infection in AIDS
    most common/important association: ??
    Pneumocystis jirovecii (formerly carinii) pneumonia
  55. disease/finding: osteomyelitis
    most common/important association: ??
    S.aureus
  56. disease/finding: osteomyelitis in sickel cell disease
    most common/important association: ??
    salmonella
  57. disease/finding: osteomyelitis with IV drug use
    most common/important association: ??
    Psuedomonas, S.aureus
  58. disease/finding: ovarian metastasis from gastric carcinoma or breast cancer
    most common/important association: ??
    Krukenberg tumor (mucin secreting signet ring cells)
  59. disease/finding: ovarian tumor (benign, bilateral)
    most common/important association: ??
    serous cystadenoma
  60. disease/finding: ovarian tumor (malignant)
    most common/important association: ??
    serous cystadenocarcinoma
  61. disease/finding: pancreatitis (acute)
    most common/important association: ??
    gallstones, alcohol
  62. disease/finding: pancreatitis (chronic)
    most common/important association: ??
    alcohol (adults), cystic fibrosis (kids)
  63. disease/finding: patient with ALL/CLL/AML/CML
    most common/important association: ??
    • ALL: child
    • CLL: adult > 60,
    • AML: adult ~ 65,
    • CML: adult 30-60
  64. disease/finding: pelvic inflammatory disease
    most common/important association: ??
    Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  65. disease/finding: philadelphia chromosome t(9;22) (bcr-abl)
    most common/important association: ??
    CML (may sometimes be associated with AML/ALL)
  66. disease/finding: pituitary tumor
    most common/important association: ??
    prolactinoma, somatotropic "acidophilic" adenoma
  67. disease/finding: primary amenorrhea
    most common/important association: ??
    Turner synd (45,XO)
  68. disease/finding: primary bone tumor (adults)
    most common/important association: ??
    multiple myeloma
  69. disease/finding: primary hyperaldosteronism
    most common/important association: ??
    adenoma of adrenal cortex
  70. disease/finding: primary hyperparathyroidism
    most common/important association: ??
    adenomas, hyperplasia, carcinoma

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