Anatomy test

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Anatomy test
2013-09-15 23:51:45

1st test of Anatomy
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  1. What are the Cells?
    • Cells are the smallest and the simplest units of all living things that are capable of maintaining life and reproducing itself.
  2. What are the Atoms?
    • Tiny building blocks of matter, combined to form a molecules such as water, sugar, and proteins.
  3. What are the Tissues?
    Groups of similar cells that have a common function.
  4. What is the Organ?
    An Organ is a structure, composed of two or more tissues types, that performs a specific function for the body.
  5. What is the Organ System?
    • Organ System is a group of organs that cooperate to accomplish a common purpose.
    • Ex: The stomach
  6. What is the Organism?
    Group of Organ systems which make up an integrated whole person or animal.
  7. What's the definition of Anatomy?
    Anatomy is the of the structure and shape of the body and body parts and their relationships to one another.
  8. What's the definition of Physiology?
    Physiology is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
  9. What's the definition of Anatomical Position?
    • The human body standing erect with palms turned forwards, used as the position of reference in designating the site or direction of structures of the body.
  10. What's Transverse Plane, and where is its location?
    • transverse plane  one passing horizontally through the body, at right angles to the sagittal and frontal planes, and dividing the body into upper and lower portions.
  11. What's Sagittal Plane, and where is its location?
    • The longitudinal plane that divides the body into right and left sections.
  12. What's Median Plane, and where is its location?
    • one passing longitudinally through the middle of the body from front to back, dividing it into right and left halves.
  13. What's Frontal Plane(Coronal), and where is its location?
    • is any vertical plane that divides the body into ventral and dorsal (belly and back) sections.
  14. Define Homeostasis.
    The body's ability to maintain a relatively stable environment.
  15. Proximal
    • Nearer a point of reference, usually the trunk or the middle of the body.
    • Close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
  16. Distal
    Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to a body trunk.
  17. Superior
    Toward the head end of the body or toward the upper part of the body.
  18. Inferior
    Farther away from the head or toward the lower part of the body.
  19. Anterior(ventral)
    Toward or at the front of the body.
  20. Posterior(dorsal)
    Towards or at the back side of the body.
  21. Medial
    Towards or at the midline of the body.
  22. Lateral
    Away from the midline of the body.
  23. Intermediate
    Between a more medial and a more lateral structure.
  24. Superficial
    • Towards or at the body surface.
    • On or close to the outside of the body.
  25. Deep
    Away from the body surface; more internal.
  26. Greater curvature
    The side of a curved organ with the larger curve.
  27. Caudal
    • Refers to the tail or tail end.
  28. Plantar
    • The sole or bottom of the foot.
  29. Lesser curvature
    The side of a curved organ with the smaller curve.
  30. Cranial
    Refers to the head or head end.
  31. Palmar
    • The front or palm of the hand.
  32. Prone
    • Lying abdomen down, face down (or to the side)
  33. Lateral
    • Lying on the side.
  34. Supine or dorsal recumbent
    • Lying down on the back, face up.
  35. Erect
    Standing or sitting up.
  36. Three general regions of the body.
    • A. Head
    • B. Trunk
    • C. Limps

  37. Name the quadrants.
    • 1. RUQ - Right Upper Quadrant
    • 2. LUQ - Left Upper Quadrant
    • 3. RLQ - Right Lower Quadrant
    • 4. LLQ - Left Lower Quadrant
  38. Where is the Gallbladder located?
    Located in the Right Upper Quadrant.
  39. Spleen
    Located in the Left Upper Quadrant.
  40. Left Kidney
    Located in the Left Upper Quadrant.
  41. Cecum
    Located in the Right Lower Quadrant.
  42. Lower right ureter
    Located in the Right Lower Quadrant.
  43. Right Kidney
    Located in the Right Upper Quadrant.
  44. Appendix
    Located in the Right Lower Quadrant.
  45. Bile Ducts
    Right Upper Quadrant.
  46. Most of the liver
    Right Upper Quadrant.
  47. Lower part of the left ureter
    Left Lower Quadrant.
  48. Identify the nine abdominal regions.
    • 1. Right hypochondriac region
    • 2. Epigastric region
    • 3. Left hypochondriac region
    • 4. Right lumbar region
    • 5. Umbilical region
    • 6. Left lumbar region
    • 7. Right iliac region
    • 8. Hypo-gastric region
    • 9. Left iliac region
  49. Order the major types of body structures from the simplest to most complex.
    • 1. Cells
    • 2. Tissues
    • 3. Organs
    • 4. Organ systems
    • 5. Organism.
  50. State the single ultimate goal of an organism.
    Survive, thrive, reproduce.
  51. Three basic activities for life of an organism.
    • 1. Movement
    • 2. Metabolism
    • 3. Irritability
  52. Nasal
    Nose area.
  53. Oral
  54. Cervical
    Neck region.
  55. Acromial
    Point of shoulder.
  56. Orbital
    Eye area.
  57. Buccal
    Cheek area.
  58. Sternal
    Breastbone area.
  59. Axillary
  60. Thoracic
  61. Brachial
  62. Antecubital
    Anterior surface of elbow.
  63. Abdominal
    Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs.
  64. Umbilical
    Navel. (פופיק)
  65. Carpel
  66. Digital
    Fingers, toes.
  67. Pubic
    Genital region.
  68. Patellar
    Anterior knee.
  69. Crural
  70. Tarsal
    Ankle region.
  71. Pelvic
    Area overlying the pelvis anteriorly.
  72. Coxal
  73. Inguinal
    Area where thigh meets body trunk; groin.
  74. Femoral
    Thigh. (ירך)
  75. Fibular
    Lateral part of leg.
  76. Deltoid
    • Curve of shoulder formed by large deltoid muscle.
  77. Scapular
    • Shoulder blade region.
  78. Vertebral
    Area of spine.
  79. Lumbar
    • Area of back between ribs and hips.
  80. Sacral
    Area between hips.
  81. Gluteal
    Buttock. (ישבן)
  82. Popliteal
    Posterior knee area.
  83. Sural
    The posterior surface of lower leg; the calf.
  84. Femoral
    Thigh. (ירך)
  85. Cephalic
  86. Occipital
    Posterior surface of head. (הצד האחרון של הראש)
  87. Integumentary System
    is the external covering of the body, or the skin.
  88. Skeletal System
    consists of bones, cartilages, ligaments, and joints.
  89. Muscular System
    Skeletal muscles form the muscular system.
  90. Nervous System
    is the body's fast-acting control system. It consists of brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors.
  91. Endocrine System
    controls body activities, but it acts much more slowly than the nervous system. Produces hormones and releases them into blood.
  92. Cardiovascular System
    Heard and blood vessels. Carries fluids, and oxygen.
  93. Lymphatic System
    Its organs include lymphatics vessels, lymph nodes, and other lymphoid organs.
  94. Respiratory System
    keep the body constantly supplied with oxygen and to remove carbon dioxide.
  95. Digestive System
    is basically a tube running through the body fro, mouth to anus.
  96. Urinary System
    removes the nitrogen wastes from the blood and flushes from the body in urine.
  97. Reproductive System
    Sperm are produced by the testicles. Produce offspring.