Bontragers ch 1 - positioning terms

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Author:
joesaflea
ID:
235012
Filename:
Bontragers ch 1 - positioning terms
Updated:
2013-09-15 21:49:08
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Bontragers
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Description:
prep for exam 1
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  1. What direction should the palms be placed when in anatomical position?
    Palms forward
  2. Do the terms radiograph and x-ray film mean the same thing?
    While they are used interchangeably, x-ray film refers to the physical piece of material and radiograph refers to the recording medium and the image.
  3. Does the sagittal plane divide the body into equal right and left parts?
    While the sagittal plane does divide the body in right and left parts, we call the division of equal right and left parts the midsagittal plane.
  4. What plane divides the body into anterior and posterior parts?
    Coronal plane
  5. True or False: Terminology for the axial and transverse plane can be used interchangeably.
    True
  6. What does “EAM” stand for?
    External Auditory Meatus
  7. True or False: The horizontal plane that is formed by the biting surface of the upper and lower teeth is called the occlusal plane.
    true
  8. What is the term used for the upper surface of the foot?
    dorsum or dorsal
  9. What is the term used for the lower surface of the foot?
    plantar
  10. What direction if the x-ray tube pointed for a cephalad angle?
    towards the head
  11. What direction if the x-ray tube pointed for a caudad angle?
    towards the feet
  12. What direction is the wrist moved from the natural position for ulnar deviation?
    Moved from natural position toward the ulnar side.
  13. What direction is the wrist moved from the natural position for radial deviation?
    Moved from natural position toward the radial side.
  14. True or False: The term projection is used to describe the path of the central ray.
    true
  15. True or False: The terms “projection and position” should be used interchangeably.
    false
  16. Supine
    Lying on back, facing upward.
  17. Prone
    Lying on abdomen, facing downward.
  18. Erect
    An upright position, to stand or sit erect.
  19. Recumbent
    Lying down in any position (prone, supine, or on side)
  20. Dorsal recumbent
    Lying on back (supine)
  21. Ventral recumbent
    Lying face down (prone)
  22. Lateral recumbent
    Lying on side (right or left lateral)
  23. Trendelenburg
    A recumbent position with the body tilted with the head lower than the feet.
  24. Fowler's
    A recumbent position with the body tilted with the head higher than the feet.
  25. Sim's position
    • A recumbent oblique position with the patient lying on the left anterior side, with the right knee and thigh flexed and the left arm extended down behind the back.
    • Used for insertion of the rectal tube for barium enema.

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