The Doctrine of God
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What are the two factors concerning the existence of God?
- 1. The Fact of the Existence of God
- 2. Ten Rational Arguments for the Existence of God
How does Faith and the Fact of the Existence of God relate to one another.
Faith is the only connecting link between the Creator and the creature, since nothing can be received or know of God unless one believes in His existence. Belief that God exists is a prerequisite to having faith in Him personally. If a person rejects the fact of the existence of God then he has no reference point for correctly understanding himself or the world around him, hence making salvation impossible. (Heb. 11:6)
What are the 10 Logical Arguments That Provide Good Reason for the Existence of God
- The Argument of Congruency
Explain the Cosmological Argument
The Cosmological Argument looks at the world and then argues from the law of cause and effect.
The existence of an effect indicates the existence of its cause. Man knows of nothing in his world that exists without a cause, therefore he must recognize that there is a cause behind the world itself and the surrounding universe. All things must be traced to a first cause which is God, the Creator. Gen 1:1, Heb 1:2, Heb 11:3
- Consider the Kalam Cosmological Argument: (1)Everything that exists had a cause (2)The universe begin to exist (3) Therefore the universe has a cause
Explain the Teleological Argument
The Teleological Argument argues from the position of design and purpose, showing that things which bear the signature of design immediate requires a designer.
Science recognizes the mystery of uniqueness in nature: the fingerprint, the voiceprint, the retina-print, snowflakes, zebra stripes, tiger stripes, leopard spots etc. Mechanical systems nor the laws of nature are able to produce random pattens and therefore cannot produce uniqueness. They do not possess the information necessary to produce uniqueness or purpose. Man developed science in order to better understand the world around him. Science always seeks to explain process but it can never explain purpose.Therefore, man must conclude that the existence of the universe proves the existence of an infinite intelligent being greater than the universe and the scientific laws it functions under.
Explain the Anthropological Argument
The Anthropological Argument seeks to demonstrate the existence of a personal God by showing the personal nature of human beings.
Basically, this is the image of God argument. Because man was formed from matter, his body reflects physical elements consistent with other inorganic or unconscious organic systems. Because he he resides in the same physical environment as animals, he reflects some of the same physical and psychological characteristics as animals, namely consciousness. But man is constructed in a way that no other creature is: he has the image of God.
He has a mind which is self-aware and is rational, a heart which is free and can love, a conscience for moral direction, a soul which longs for meaning and significance, an erect posture, the ability to appreciate beauty, a face which reflects an emotional state . Consciousness, rationality, love, morality, and meaning: these constitute the essence of what it is to be a person in the full sense of the term. The bible teaches that such attributes exists for the sake of relationship and that the foundation and fulfillment of all relationship is to be found only in God.
Man's attempt to satisfy or qualify any aspect of his personhood apart from God results in a degradation and eventual enslavement to that desire.
Explain the Ontological Argument
The ontological arguments recognizes that worship of a deity is universal to humanity across all of history and therefore cannot be explained as a cultural phenomenon, social conditioning, nor as a vestige carryover from a prior evolution era.
Not only is man an intelligent being, he is also intuitive belief and knowledge of the existence of God. Intuition speaks of understanding or knowledge that man has without the process of reasoning. Man is born with this knowledge; a religious instinct. History attests to this in that there is a universal belief in a god or gods across every nation on the face of the earth. (Rom 1:18-20, Acts 17:23-24)
If man fails to find the true God, he makes a deity of his own to worship, thus satisfying this intuitive knowledge and desire to worship.
Explain the Moral Argument
The moral argument seeks to establish that man is a moral being, possessing an inner sense of right and wrong as well as a sense of responsibility to adhere to what is right and avoid what is wrong.
All civilizations are governed by a code of conduct used to the regulate the affairs of men; thereby demonstrating that man is a moral being possessing conscience, an internal system of right and wrong, and when it is violated, looks to other moral beings to bring about restitution. Such a system of restitution serves as a witness to the existence of a supreme law-giver and judge who built into mankind this sense of responsibility for the right.
Explain the Biological Argument
The biological argument seeks to disprove the notion that life could originate from a non-living, inanimate, unconscious, inorganic, impersonal, or materialistic source.
It is a scientific fact that life can only come from pre-existing life, not from matter alone. Logically, this means that there must be a living, conscious, personal, immaterial being that is the life-source, the originator or all life, and the possessor of underived and eternal life Himself. The bible teaches that this life-source is God. (Psalm 36:9)
The Historical Argument
The historical argument points to an unseen hand guiding, governing and controlling the destinies of the nations.
Explain the Christological Argument
The Christological Argument seeks to establish that the Christ of history is a fact and it is impossible to explain the person of Jesus Christ apart from the existence of God.
What are the two main classifications of non-christian views of God?
Theistic and non-theistic
What are the four types of Theistic Views concerning the existence of God?
What does Pantheism mean
- Pantheism is made of two words, "Pan" meaning "all" and and "Theos" meaning "God"
- It is the idea that God is all and that all is God.
- Pantheism holds all finite things are merely aspects or parts of the one eternal self-existent being, that there is no God apart from nature, and that everything in nature is a part or manifestation of God.
What are the five types of pantheism?
- Hylozoism or Panpsychism
- Philosophical Mysticism
Explain Materialistic Pantheism
Materialistic Pantheism is the theory of the eternity of matter and the spontaneous generation of life. The Universe and nature is the only God that man can worship. Since evolution is the cause for the order of the world, there exists no supreme divine intelligence or being and matter itself is God.
This theory ignores and misreads all the evidence in the material realm that there is a God who exists beyond it. It is easily refuted by the 10 arguments for the existence of God.
Explain Hylozoism or Panpsychism Pantheism
- Hylozoism holds that all matter has the principle of life in it, or that all matter is in some sense alive.
- Panpsychism holds that all matter has a mind or a soul. Hylozoism and Panpsychism are similar in that for everything to have a mind or a soul (panpsychism) it must first be alive (Hylozoism).
This theory extends beyond materialistic pantheism in a search for a non-material god, but still denies the existence of a supreme personal being.
Neutralism holds that ultimate reality is neither mind nor matter but a metaphysical essence of which mind and matter are but appearances or aspects.
It is an inadequate extension past mind and matter in a search for God.
Idealism holds that the ultimate reality is the nature of the mind. It says that the world is the product of the mind, either of the individual mind or of the infinite mind. It is the theory that everything exists only in the mind. It exalts and deifies the person and mind of man, or some universal mind as god.
Impersonal Idealism: Ultimate reality is one single mind and/or one unified system. it denies that such a mind is personal.
Personal Idealism: The theory that the absolute is a person who includes within himself all finite selves and share their experiences. It holds that all are part of himself and part of the universal mind, even though this mind thinks his own thoughts besides their thoughts.
Explain Philosophical Mysticism
Philosophical Mysticism is any philosophy that seeks to discover the nature of reality through the process of thought or spiritual intuition.
How do the five types of pantheism fall short of the revealed word of God?
- Pantheism makes nature god and misses the God of nature.
- Materialistic Pantheism makes matter eternal and misses the god who made matter.
- Hylozoism and Panpsychism makes a principle of life god and misses the God who is the source of life.
- Neutralism makes some an immaterial essence god, but misses God, the creator of the material as well as the immaterial.
- Idealism makes the mind god and misses the God who is a real person having a perfect mind.
- Philosophical Mysticism makes man himself god and misses the God who make all men.
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