English 11 Vocab unit #2

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English 11 Vocab unit #2
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2013-09-15 20:15:52
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English vocab
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Vocab 2
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  1. Adroit
    • (adj.) skillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind
    • Syn:clever, deft, dexterous, slick
    • Sentence: Percy shows no particular talent as a worker, but I must admit that he is exceptionally adroit at finding excuses for not doing his job.
  2. Amicable
    • (adj.) peaceable, friendly 
    • syn: congenial, neighborly, cordial
    • ant:hostile, antagonistic
    • sentence: Regarding native Americans as "bloodthirsty savages," Europeans were rarely able to maintain amicable relations with them.
  3. Averse
    • (adj.) having a deep-seated distaste; opposed, unwilling
    • syn: disinclined, opposed, loath
    • ant: favorably disposed, eager, keen
    • Sentence: If you are averse to hard study and intensive reading, how do you expect to get through law school?
  4. Belligerent
    • (adj.) given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive;
    • (n.) one at war, one engaged in war
    • Syn: assertive, truculent, pugnacious
    • Ant: peaceful, conciliatory, placid
    • Sentence: For centuries, Switzerland has avoided becoming a belligerent in the wars that have scarred the rest of Europe.
  5. Benevolent
    • (adj.) Kindly, charitable
    • syn: kindly, benign, well-meaning
    • ant: malicious, spiteful, malevolent
    • Sentence: No one doubts the benevolent intentions of the program for community improvement, but it was ruined by mismanagement.
  6. Cursory
    • (adj.) hasty, not thorough
    • Syn: quick, superficial, perfunctory
    • Ant: thorough, painstaking, careful
    • Sentence: A cursory examination of my luggage was enough to show me that someone had been tampering with it.
  7. Duplicity
    • (n.) treachery, deceitfulness
    • Syn: fraud, double-dealing, chicanery
    • Sentence: Only when we learned that the embezzler had tried to cast suspicion on his innocent partner did we realize the extent of his duplicity.
  8. Extol
    • (v.) to praise extravagantly 
    • Syn: to glorify, applaud, acclaim, hail
    • Ant: to criticize, belittle, disparage
    • Sentence: The physical education instructor extolled the virtues of regular exercise.
  9. Feasible
    • (adj.) possible, able to be done
    • Syn: workable, practicable, viable
    • Ant: unworkable, impractical 
    • Sentence: My teammates agreed that a triple reverse looked mighty impressive on the chalkboard but doubted that the play would prove feasible on the football field.
  10. grimace
    • (n) wry face, facial distortion
    • (v) to make a wry face
    • Syn:a pained expression, facial contortion
    • Ant: to smile, beam, grin
    • Sentence: If, as you claim, you really like raw oysters, why do you make such an eloquent grimace every time you swallow one?
  11. Holocaust
    • (n) a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering
    • Syn:devastation
    • Ant: a deluge, inundation
    • Sentence: We must not forget the millions of people who were ruthlessly slaughtered by the nazis in the holocaust of the 1940s.
  12. Impervious
    • (adj.) not affected or hurt by; admitting of no passage or entrance
    • Syn: impenetrable; resistant, proof against
    • Ant: porous, permeable, vulnerable
    • Sentence: What good is a plastic rain coat that is impervious to water if it also prevents any body heat from escaping?
  13. Impetus
    • (n.) moving force, impulse, stimulus
    • Syn: an impulse, incentive, stimulus, spur
    • Ant: a curb, hindrance, impediment, constraint
    • Sentence: When I heard Rose speaking French so fluently, my determination to master the language received a fresh impetus.
  14. Jeoprady
    • (n) danger
    • Syn: risk, hazard, peril
    • Ant: safety, security
    • Sentence: When I realized how bad the brakes of the old car were, I feared that our lives were in jeopardy.
  15. Meticulous
    • (adj) extremely careful; particular about detail
    • Syn: Careful, fastidious, painstaking, fussy
    • Ant: careless, negligent, sloppy
    • Sentence: Miss DeCarlo's records- neat, accurate, and complete in every respect- show that she is a most meticulous worker.
  16. Nostalgia
    • (n) longing for something past; homesickness
    • Syn: a longing for things past, homesickness
    • Sentence: As the old soldier watched the parade pass by, he was suddenly filled with nostalgia for the youthful years he had spent in the army.
  17. Quintessence
    • (n) the purest essence or form of something, the most typical example
    • Syn: the purest essence, a paragon, exemplar
    • Sentence: King Arthur's Knights of the Round Table were the quintessence of chivalry.
  18. Retrogress
    • (v) to move backwards; to return to an earlier condition 
    • Syn: To revert, to degenerate, decline
    • Ant: to advance, evolve, progress
    • Sentence: My teacher counseled me to keep up my studies, or my performance in class might once again retrogress into mediocrity.
  19. Scrutinize
    • (v) to examine closely
    • Syn: to inspect, examine, pore over
    • Ant: to skim, scan, glance at
    • Sentence: An expert from the museum scrutinized the painting looking for telltale signs that would prove it to be genuine or expose it as forgery.
  20. Tepid
    • (adj) lukewarm; unenthusiastic, marked by absence of interest
    • Syn: Lukewarm, halfhearted, wishy-washy
    • Ant: heated, excited, enthusiastic
    • Sentence: Looking forward to a hot bath, I was disappointed at the feeble stream of tepid water that flowed out of the tub.

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