The part of a novel where the characters and setting (time and place) are introduced.
The struggle between two forces in a piece of literature.
The act of creating convincing characters.
A reference to a mythological, literary, or historical person, place, or thing.
A literary work in the form of letters, diary entries, or journal entries.
An author's word choice intended to give a certain effect.
The point of highest tension; the turning point. Nothing is the same after this event.
The character opposite the protagonist (main character).
Beginning words close to each other with the same CONSONANT SOUND!
A scene that interrupts the action of a literary work to show a previous event.
When an author gives hints or clues of coming events.
An extreme exaggeration.
The words or phrases an author selects to represent persons, actions, feelings, and ideas by APPEALING TO THE SENSES (sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste).
When a speaker says one things and means the opposite.
When a situation turns out differently that your would normally expect.
A comparison of two unlike things NOT using "like" or "as."
The atmosphere or predominant emotion in a literary work.
Words that mimic the sounds they make (examples: hiss, bang, splat, pow).
Combining opposite terms into a single expression (example: jumbo shrimp)
a type of metaphor that gives inanimate (non-human) objects or abstract ideas human characteristics
Example: The wind screamed its fury down upon the land.
the sequence of events or actions in a literary work
Point of View
the perspective from which the story is told
the central or main character in a literary work
the deliberate use of ANY element of language more than once (it can be a sound, word, phrase, or sentence)
the events in a story that build tension and lead to the climax
the repetition of sound in two or more words
The repetition of sound at the end of a line (particularly in poetry).
the repetition of sound within a line (found particularly in poetry).
is approximate rhyme
Examples: heart/dark, dime/line
the pattern of end rhyme (noted by using letters to indicate the scheme, ABBA, ABCABC)
the use of verbal irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it
The time and place in which the events take place in a piece of literature
a change or movement in a piece of literature that results from a realization or insight gained by the speaker or reader
a comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
any object, person, place, or action that has BOTH meaning itself AND stands for something bigger
(Example: a bald eagle is a predatory bird but it can stand for liberty or freedom.)
(Hint: think of your calculator)
The arrangement (order) of words and grammatical elements (nouns/verbs/etc) in a sentence.
When you enter figures into your calculator in the wrong order you get a "syntax" error - therefore, syntax in English is about the order of words, etc. in a sentence to make it proper English.
is the CENTRAL MESSAGE of a novel. It is the IDEA THE AUTHOR WANTS TO CONVEY.
it cannot be expressed in one word, but must be a sentence or phrase. For example: love is a topic not a theme. But love conquers all is a theme, or how we show our love means everything to those we care about.
is the author's or speaker's attitude toward a subject, character, or the audience.
(It is conveyed through the author's choice of words and details.)
when a character says/does something that has a different meaning from what they think it means BUT the reader/other characters understand the whole meaning.
A proverb; a wise saying
A rich mass of ore in a mine; something very valuable.
Lacking politeness, good manners, or sensitivity
A fortress that overlooks/protects a city.
To work with, to work together
An order having the force of law. To issue such an order, to command forcefully.
Disagreeable in sound, jarring; lacking in harmony
To develop gradually; to rise to a higher level
A passage taken from a book, article, etc.. To take such a passage; to quote.
To feel about hesitantly with the hands, to search blindly and uncertainly.
Based or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions.
The sequence of events in a piece of literature.
A system of government based on the idea that the community or state should hold all the property so everyone shares equally.
To show off
A strong belief or opinion
Having to do with the moon.
To tell beforehand; to predict
Things that happen that are beyond a person's control.
A solemn promise.
A person who sees an incident take place (usually a crime or accident).
to form (as metal) by heating & hammering
a container in which material can be subjected to extreme hear; a severe test
a public building dedicated to heroes
to reject or scorn
the noise of a big crowd
to shrink back in fear
one who disagrees
doing something quietly or sneakily
tending to avoid or escape by being quick
having lost confidence or hope
person forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
concerned with human welfare
group of people who consider themselves the best because of wealth, power, or talent
stubbornly self-willed; done on purpose
a sounding together; in agreement
connected with or related to the matter at hand
to yield to a request or command
lying face down; likely to do
a remainder; that which remains when part is used up
to support, to suffer
Ideas, facts, opinions used in a speech, writing, film, program, etc.
used to say how true, large, important, or serious something is
to communicate or express something
very interesting, exciting; so you have to pay attention
a piece of work that must be done
showing you understand what a text, situation, or person is really like
seeming reasonable and sensible; ideas are in a clear order
definite and specific examples
To declare or state as truth, to maintain or defend, to put forward forcefully
To look upon with scorn
A brief statement written on a gravestone
Humorous; not meant seriously
Withdrawn, standing apart from others.
To pronounce distinctly
Great suffering, distress, or pain
To be in, or expose oneself to pleasant warmth; to take pleasure or derive enjoyment from
Determined in a persistent way
Arouses other people's dislikes; incur the hostility of others
A prejudiced person
An unfair/negative opinion of one's character; strong feeling formed before knowing all the facts - discrimination against others
Like a servant
lack of complete belief
Jury that cannot agree on a verdict
Open and shut
simple, clear-cut manner
a train that runs on tracks that are above the city streets
to refrain or not take part in
passing judgment about a group of people (negatively)
a person who takes pleasure in making others suffer
judged someone as innocent
exclusive possession or control of a supply or service
a formal written or spoken statement especially given in a court of law.
inclined to argue easily
to prevent someone from doing something
done for a good reason
a long careful discussion
being logically sound, to be valid/true
to be believed; to be true
a final decision in a court case
talk on a religious or moral issue
to declare someone guilty
quality of being honest and having strong moral principles