Kaplan Cset Science Vocabulary

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Kaplan Cset Science Vocabulary
2013-09-15 21:53:38
Kaplan CSET Science Vocabulary Vocab

These are the words from the glossary section of the science chapter.
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  1. Absorption
    a process through which organisms makenutrients available to cells
  2. acceleration
    the rate of change of an object'svelocity
  3. acid
    a solute that donates protons
  4. air pressure
    the movement and collision of gasmolecules in the atmosphere that can form into high or low-pressureareas
  5. alleles
    different versions of a genes in apopulation
  6. angiosperms
    flowering plants
  7. auxins
    an important class of plant hormonesassociated with growth patterns
  8. Base (science)
    a solute that accepts protons
  9. binary fission
    the reproductive mechanism ofprokaryotes
  10. Carbohydrates (saccharides)
    biological molecules that haveimportant roles in energy metabolism and storage as well as thestructure of cells and organisms
  11. Central nervous system
    a system comprised of the brain andspinal cord in vertebrates that processes and stores information
  12. charge
    an excess of deficiency of electrons ina body
  13. circulatory system
    a system for transporting nutrients and other essential materials throughout the body
  14. classical genetics
    the study of the patterns andmechanisms of the transmission of inherited traits from onegeneration to another
  15. climate
    long-term patterns of temperature,humidity and amount of sunshine
  16. condensation
    the process by which gas reverts backinto the liquid state
  17. crust
    the outermost layer of the earth
  18. deposition
    the process by which a gas changesdirectly into a solid phase
  19. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
    the genetic material that contains thegenes responsible for the physical traits observed in all living organism
  20. dynamics
    the study of what causes motion
  21. ecosystem
    a community and its ambiotic environment
  22. electric current (direct, alternating)
    the flow of a charge
  23. endocrine system
    the network of glands and tissues thatsecret hormones
  24. endoskeleton
    a framework for the attachment ofskeletal muscles in vertebrates that also protects vital organs
  25. equinox
    calendar dates when the day and nightare the same length
  26. eukaryotic cells
    multicellular organisms whose cellscontain organelles
  27. evaporation (vaporization)
    the process by which liquid changesinto the gas phase
  28. exoskeleton
    a hard external skeleton that coversall the muscles and organs of some invertebrates
  29. external fertilization
    the precess of fertilization invertebrates that reproduce in water
  30. fault
    weakened narrow zones in tectonicplates
  31. fertilization
    the union of an egg nucleus with a sperm nucleus
  32. fitness
    a quantitative measure of the abilityto contribute alleles and traits to offspring
  33. fixed-action pattern
    a complex, coordinated behavioralresponse triggered by specific stimulation from the environment
  34. food chain
    a simple linear relationship between aseries of species, with one eating the other
  35. food web
    a depiction of the relationships withina community in which every population interacts with several otherpopulations
  36. force
    the push or pull on an object
  37. freezing (solidification,
    the process by which a liquid changes into a solid
  38. galaxy
    huge cluster of stars and nebulae
  39. gametes
    sex cells produced through meiosis inmales and females
  40. gene pool
    the sum total of all alleles in apopulation
  41. genes
    molecules that store and transfergenetic information
  42. genotype
    an organism's genetic composition
  43. gravity
    an attractive force felt by all formsof a matter
  44. gymnosperms
    nonflowering plants
  45. haploid cells
    gametes that, when joined, produce diploid offspring
  46. hormones
    chemical messengers produced in onetissue and carried by the blood to act on other parts of the body
  47. hypothesis
    an explanation for one or moreobservations about the natural world
  48. immune system
    the body's system of protection againstinvasion by unwanted organisms
  49. maturation
    the development of an embryo to anadult
  50. meiosis
    a specialized form of eukaryotic celldivision involving male and female gametes
  51. melting (fusion)
    the process of a solid changing into aliquid
  52. minerals
    naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solids
  53. mitosis
    an asexual reproductive process of eukaryotic cells in which cells divide to form two daughter cellswith the same genetic makeup as the parent cell
  54. nucleic acid
    essential informational molecules foundin all living things
  55. organic compounds
    chemicals that contain carbon;inorganic compounds do not contain carbon
  56. organs
    large anatomical structures made formseveral tissues
  57. orogenesis
    the process of mountain formation
  58. osmosis
    the simple diffusion of water from aregion of lower solute concentration to a region of high aouteconcentration
  59. ova
    female gamete
  60. phenotype
    the appearance and physical expression of genes in an organism
  61. photosynthesis
    the foundation of all ecosystems wherein plants generate their own energy from the energy of the sun
  62. population
    a group of members of the same speciesfound in a give environment at a given time
  63. power
    the rate at which work is done
  64. precipitation
    part of the water cycle that produceshail, mist, rain, sleet, or snow
  65. predation
    the consumption of one organism byanother
  66. prokaryotic cell
    unicellular organisms with a simple cell structure
  67. respiration
    the bodily system used to transport oxygen to cells and rid the body of waste products like CO2
  68. RNA (ribonucleic acid)
    a polymer of nucleotides associated with the control of cellular chemical activities
  69. scientific method
    the accepted method for testing scientific hypotheses
  70. solstice
    calendar dates when the days arelongest and shortest
  71. solubility
    the maximum amount of that substance that can be dissolved in a particular solvent at a particular temperature
  72. solvent
    in a solution, the substance that does the dissolving; what is dissolved is known as the solute
  73. speciation
    the creation of a new species
  74. species
    a group of similar organisms that canproduce viable offspring
  75. spermatozoa
    male gamete
  76. station friction
    the force that must be over come to set an object in motion
  77. stratosphere
    the layer of the atmosphere located above the troposphere in which most of the atmosphere's ozone is found
  78. sublimation
    the process by which a solid changesdirectly to the gas phase
  79. symbiosis
    a relationship between organisms in which they share an intimate, often permanent co-existance
  80. taxonomy
    the science of classifying and naming living things
  81. tectonic plates
    the think slabs of rock that compose the outer portion of Earth
  82. theory
    a tested hypothesis
  83. thermoregulation
    the maintenance of a particular temperature of the living body
  84. tide
    the alternating rising and falling ofthe surface of the ocean caused by the gravitational attraction of the sun and moon occurring unequally on different parts of the Earth
  85. tissues
    specialized cells with a common function and similar form in multicellular organism
  86. stroposphere
    the layer of the atmosphere located closest to the Earth's surface in which weather occurs
  87. vegetative propagation
    asexual reproductive precess of many plants, including bulbs and tubers
  88. zygote
    the diploid single cell offspring formed from the union of gametes