test 4 Sleep

Card Set Information

Author:
alicia0309
ID:
235059
Filename:
test 4 Sleep
Updated:
2013-09-15 22:22:52
Tags:
Nursing 101 fundamentals
Folders:

Description:
Test 4 Sleep
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user alicia0309 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are the stages of NREM sleep?
    • 1- very light, sleep
    • 2- Processes slow more
    • 3 & 4 Delta Sleep relaxed, dreaming occurs, HR & RR is 20-30% of what it is when awake, important growth hormones are released
  2. What are the types of sleep?
    • NREM
    • REM
  3. what happens during Delta Sleep?
    • HR,RR,body processes continue to slow
    • more difficult to arose
    • not disturbed by sensory stimuli
    • muscles relaxed
    • may snore
    • eyes roll
    • This stage restores body's energy and Growth Hormones released
  4. What is REM?
    • Not as restful
    • most dreams occur here
    • Brain is active
    • Brain metabolism increases
    • Called Paradoxical Sleep (EEG brain activity resemble wakefulness)
  5. When does REM occur and how long does it last?
    occurs about every 90 mins, lasts 5-30 min
  6. What is important about stage 4
    Energy and Growth Hormones
  7. How long does it take for a person to go thru stages?
    90 min
  8. What happens to the stages of sleep as you get oder?
    the stages get shorter
  9. REM
    • Not as restful
    • Most Dreams occur here
    • Brain is Active
    • Called Paradoxical Sleep (EEG Resemble Awake brain)
    • May be difficult to arose or wake up spontaneously
    • voluntary muscle tone decreased
    • Gastric secretions increase
    • HR & RR often Irregular
  10. What is Delta Sleep?
    Deep Sleep
  11. how much of sleep during a night is NREM?
    75-80%
  12. What happens in stage 1 NREM?
    • very light sleep
    • lasts only a few mins
    • person feels drowsy and relaxed
    • eyes roll from side to side
    • HR & RR drop slightly
    • awakened easily, may deny sleeping
  13. When does Delta Sleep occur?
    Stage 3 & 4
  14. what is the only difference in stage 3 and stage 4
    the amount of Delta Waves during a 30 sec period
  15. What is Sundowners Syndrome
    a pattern of symptoms that are triggered in the late afternoon early evening
  16. What age group has a marked decline of Delta Sleep?
    Older Adults
  17. What are the methods of sleep promotion?
    have an evening routine
  18. how long does a complete sleep cycle last
    • 90 to 110¬† min
    • to go through NREM and REM
  19. what are the functions of sleep?
    • restores normal levels of activity
    • necessary for protein synthesis (cell repair)
  20. what can lack of sleep cause?
    • decreased mental functioning
    • difficult making decisions
    • emotional irritability
    • decreased concentration
  21. Newborns
    • Sleep 16-18 hrs day
    • Sleep cycle lasts 50 mins
    • Crying requires assessment
  22. Infant sleep cycle
    • half of infants sleep in light sleep
    • by age 1 sleep 14-15 hr, with 1-2 naps
  23. Toddlers sleep cycles
    • toddlers sleep 12-14 hr
    • naps decrease
    • need consistent routine for bedtime
    • get grouchy when sleep need not met
  24. School age children
  25. need 10-11 hrs sleep
    need consistency awaking at night and nightmares
  26. What are some concerns for school age children not getting enough sleep
  27. TV
    • Computer
    • Caffeine
    • Video GMES
  28. Adolescents Sleep
    • need 9-10hrs to prevent fatigue
    • change in sleep pattern is common (sleeping in, needing naps)
    • Nocturnal emissions
    • heavy periods=anemia fatigue
  29. Adults and Sleep
    • Busy life stage
    • need 7-9 hr
  30. What are symptoms of sleep deprivation in adults
    • drowsy during task/day
    • grouchy
  31. adult sleep factore
    • children
    • shiftwork
    • stress
    • pregnancy
    • menses
    • PMS
  32. Older Adults and Sleep
    • sleep 7-9 hrs
    • earlier bedtime/wake up time
    • stage IV decreases
    • arouse more, longer to get back to sleep
  33. what is sleep apnea?
    • frequent short breathing pauses during sleep
    • Loud Snoring
    • Waking up at Night
    • Difficulty falling asleep
    • Irritability
    • memory problems
  34. what is Restless Leg Syndrome?
    What is Treatment?
    • legs feel jumpy, can't lay still
    • treatment: gentle exercise, hot/cold bathes, vibrations of feet and legs before bedtime
  35. What are the different types of Sleep Apnea?
    • Obstructive
    • Central
    • Mixed
  36. What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
    Structures of oral cavity pharynx obstruct airway

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview