test 4 Sleep
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What are the stages of NREM sleep?
- 1- very light, sleep
- 2- Processes slow more
- 3 & 4 Delta Sleep relaxed, dreaming occurs, HR & RR is 20-30% of what it is when awake, important growth hormones are released
What are the types of sleep?
what happens during Delta Sleep?
- HR,RR,body processes continue to slow
- more difficult to arose
- not disturbed by sensory stimuli
- muscles relaxed
- may snore
- eyes roll
- This stage restores body's energy and Growth Hormones released
What is REM?
- Not as restful
- most dreams occur here
- Brain is active
- Brain metabolism increases
- Called Paradoxical Sleep (EEG brain activity resemble wakefulness)
When does REM occur and how long does it last?
occurs about every 90 mins, lasts 5-30 min
What is important about stage 4
Energy and Growth Hormones
How long does it take for a person to go thru stages?
What happens to the stages of sleep as you get oder?
the stages get shorter
- Not as restful
- Most Dreams occur here
- Brain is Active
- Called Paradoxical Sleep (EEG Resemble Awake brain)
- May be difficult to arose or wake up spontaneously
- voluntary muscle tone decreased
- Gastric secretions increase
- HR & RR often Irregular
What is Delta Sleep?
how much of sleep during a night is NREM?
What happens in stage 1 NREM?
- very light sleep
- lasts only a few mins
- person feels drowsy and relaxed
- eyes roll from side to side
- HR & RR drop slightly
- awakened easily, may deny sleeping
When does Delta Sleep occur?
Stage 3 & 4
what is the only difference in stage 3 and stage 4
the amount of Delta Waves during a 30 sec period
What is Sundowners Syndrome
a pattern of symptoms that are triggered in the late afternoon early evening
What age group has a marked decline of Delta Sleep?
What are the methods of sleep promotion?
have an evening routine
how long does a complete sleep cycle last
- 90 to 110 min
- to go through NREM and REM
what are the functions of sleep?
- restores normal levels of activity
- necessary for protein synthesis (cell repair)
what can lack of sleep cause?
- decreased mental functioning
- difficult making decisions
- emotional irritability
- decreased concentration
- Sleep 16-18 hrs day
- Sleep cycle lasts 50 mins
- Crying requires assessment
Infant sleep cycle
- half of infants sleep in light sleep
- by age 1 sleep 14-15 hr, with 1-2 naps
Toddlers sleep cycles
- toddlers sleep 12-14 hr
- naps decrease
- need consistent routine for bedtime
- get grouchy when sleep need not met
need 10-11 hrs sleep
need consistency awaking at night and nightmares
What are some concerns for school age children not getting enough sleep
- Video GMES
- need 9-10hrs to prevent fatigue
- change in sleep pattern is common (sleeping in, needing naps)
- Nocturnal emissions
- heavy periods=anemia fatigue
Adults and Sleep
- Busy life stage
- need 7-9 hr
What are symptoms of sleep deprivation in adults
- drowsy during task/day
adult sleep factore
Older Adults and Sleep
- sleep 7-9 hrs
- earlier bedtime/wake up time
- stage IV decreases
- arouse more, longer to get back to sleep
what is sleep apnea?
- frequent short breathing pauses during sleep
- Loud Snoring
- Waking up at Night
- Difficulty falling asleep
- memory problems
what is Restless Leg Syndrome?
What is Treatment?
- legs feel jumpy, can't lay still
- treatment: gentle exercise, hot/cold bathes, vibrations of feet and legs before bedtime
What are the different types of Sleep Apnea?
What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Structures of oral cavity pharynx obstruct airway
What would you like to do?
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