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According to HIPAA, patients have a right to:
- 1. See and copy their health record.
- 2. Update their health record.
- 3. Get a list of disclosures a healthcare institution has made independent of disclosures made for the purposes of treatment, payment and healthcare operations.
- 4. Request a restriction on certain uses or disclosures.
- 5 Choose how to receive health information.
What are the official "Do not use" abbreviations
- 1. U, write unit
- 2. IU, write international unit
- 3. Q.D., QD, qd, q.d., write daily
- 4. Q.O.D, etc, write every other day
- 5. trailing zero (X.0 mg), write X mg
- 6. Lack of leading zero (.X mg), write 0.X mg)
- 7. MS, MSO4 and MgSO4, write morphine sulphate of magnesium sulfate.
When are verbal orders acceptable?
during a medical emergency when the attending MD is unable to write the order
What are source-oriented records?
Each healthcare group keeps data on its own seperate form (RN, MD, laboratory, x-ray tech)
What is a progress note?
notes written to inform caregiversof the progress a patient is making toward acheiving expected outcomes.
What are narrative notes?
progress notes written by RNs that address routine care, normal findings, and pt problems identified in the plan of care.
What are Problem-oriented medical records (POMR)
Record that is organized around the PTs problems. Uses SOAP format.
What is SOAP format?
- S - Subjective data
- O - Objective data
- A - Assessment
- P - Plan
- Organizes data entries in a POMR
What is PIE charting
- P - Problem
- I - Intervention
- E - Evaluation
the plan of care is incorporated into the progress notes in which problems are numbered in the order they are identified.
What is focus charting?
Holistic approach by focusing on the patient and the patients concerns. Uses DAR format.
What is DAR format
- D - Data
- A - Action
- R - Response
What is Charting by Exception (CBE)?
Only significant findings are documented in narrative notes.
What is the case management model for charting?
interdisciplenary documentation that select groups of patients are expected to acheive on each day of care.
What are collaboratice pathways?
specifies the plan of care linked to expected outcomes along a timeline.
What is variance charting?
used when a pt fails to meet expected outcomes. records the unexpected event, cause of the event, actions taken in response and discharge planning.
What is a graphic sheet?
form used to record specific pt variables such as pulse, RR, BP, temp, weight, I&O, BM and other pt characteristics
What is SBAR Communication?
- S - Situation: what is happening and why the patient is being handed off to another department.
- B - Background: what led up to the current situation
- A - Assessment: give your impression of the problem
- R - Recommendation: explain what you would do to correct the problem
Framework for communication between providers
What is included in a change-of-shift report?
- 1. Basic identifying info about the pt.
- 2. Current apprasial of the pt.
- 3. Current orders
- 4. Abnormal occurances in your shift
- 5. Unfilled orders
- 6. reports on pts that have been transfered or discharged.