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What does Shiatsu mean
Who organized his information on Shiatsu and published two books, Shiatsu Ryono and Shiatsu Ho. He also specialized in abdominal massage aka ampaku, the Chinese acupoint system, and Eastern breathing exercises.
Who founded The Shiatsu Institute of Therapy and the Nippon Shiatsu Institute, and placed his effort on aligning shiatsu with Western physiology
Anma or Amma means
The Japanese Ministry of Health defines Shiatsu as:
A form of manipulation by thumbs, fingers, and palms, without the use of instruments, mechanical or otherwise, to apply pressure to the human skin to correct internal malfunctioning, promote and maintain health and TREAT specific disease.
The U.S. defines Shiatsu as:
A form of manipulation by thumbs, fingers, and palms, without the use of instruments, mechanical or otherwise, to apply pressure to the human skin to correct internal malfunctioning, promote and maintain health and AFFECT specific disease.
What is the storehouse for ki
Which hand is the "action" hand
Which hand is the stationary hand
Yin aka Mother Hand: (stabilizer, provides support, and is nurturing to the recipient. It sedates the nervous system, esp when tender points are touched with the active hand.
What is the purpose of Shiatsu
Bring energy into balance to restore or maintain ki
What is Pi'ikea's explanation of massage to relay to a client
- Shiatsu is a Japanese form of massage.
- It is performed with the client fully clothed.
- The client lies on a mat and the therapist works on various energy channels called meridians. No lotions or oils are used. The massage involves compression, ROM & stretches
What is the "vital center of life"
Where is the hara located
approx 3 tsun below the umbilicus and 3 tsun deep inside the belly
What is the midpoint between our connection with heaven (yang) and earth (yin)
Significance of Yin/Yang Symbol
- Circle: never ending
- Curve within the circle: transformation, activity to rest, the rise of one makes way for another
- Opposite colors: black = all colors, white = the absence of color, opposing but complimentary
- Small circles: the seed of one is in the other, brightness of day, but we still have shadows, not completely Yin and Yang, have elements in each
Properties of Yin/Yang
- Complementary yet opposing
- Not good or bad
- Together, produce all phenomena
- Yin attracts Yang; yang attracts yin
- Yin repels yin; yang repels yang
- Each is within the other; nothing is solely yin or yang
- Extreme yin transforms into yang; extreme yang transforms into yin
- One does not exist without the other
Yang :: Male (SONHAND) pg 15
- Energy of the Body
- Ascending Energy
Yin :: Female (MOTHERHAND) pg 15
- Blood, Body fluids, Tissues
- Descending Energy
The Principles of Extremes
When extreme yin or extreme yang reaches its limit, it transforms into its opposite
What does Ki do
maintains and nurtures the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual body
What are the three main sources of ki
- Original or Prenatal Ki: total amount that you are born with, will deplete but can be strengthened
- Grain Ki: the food we eat (waht is the better source of ki)
- Air Ki: What we breathe, quality & quantity that we breathe
The five basic functions of ki
"Thermal Transformers Protect Moving Retainers"
- Source of all movement: where the ability to change comes from, growth
- Protects: immune system
- Source of transformations: chemical change going on in body, anything that changes one form to another ex. digestion
- Governs the retention of Subastance and Organs: Keeps things in place like fasica
- Thermoregulator: temperature in body, very closely related to blood flow
When do you normally see results from Shiatsu
Allow at least 5 sessions to occur before assessing the effectiveness of the treatments
Benefits of Shiatsu
- Decrease in px
- Decrease in insominia
- Improved quality of sleep
- Increase ROM
- Emotional balance
- Increase in body awareness
- Improved organ function
- Strengthened immunity
- Improved mental function
- Profound relaxation
- Change in appetite and food cravings
Six Fundamentals of Health (pgs 60-61)
Eight Patterns of Yin and Yang
- Quality: Depth, Thermal Nature, Strength
- Yang: Exterior, Heat, Excess
- Yin: Interior, Cold, Deficiency
One of the Four Examinations (VISUAL)
Observations of general build, posture, movement, mannerisms. Also, analysis of face and tongue.
One of the Four Examinations (SENSING)
Listening to voice quality and smelling
One of the Four Examinations (ASKING)
Ask questions to get information regarding the areas listed on pg 68. Also note and inquire about thoughts, emotions, lifestyle, habits.
One of the Four Examinations (TOUCHING)
This aspect of evaluation is very important. When we touch, we not only evaluate, but also affect imbalances at the same time. Touch can be used to assess the 12 pulses, the quality of the merdians, and the tsubos including bo and yu points.
Points along the meridian wehre ki can accumulate
A tsubo that is blocked or contains excessive ki is
How do Jitsu tsubos feel
warm or tight like a knotted muscle
A tsubo that is deficient of ki is
Tonification of Kyo
- Direct Pressure
- Clockwise rotations
Sedation of Jitsu
- Broader Pressure
- Counterclockwise rotations & friction
Where do we find Bo Points?
What does pain in a bo point represent?
What should you direct the individual to take care of?
- Location: Front of torso
- Px in a bo point represents: an acute imbalance
- Direct individual: to take care of these imbalances in a timely manner
Where do we find Yu Points?
What do Yu Points coincide with and where?
What does pain or discomfort in any of these points represent?
How do you rectify this issue?
- Location: Back of torso
- Coincide with: Tsubos along the Urinary Bladder (medial pathway)
- Represents: a chronic imbalance
- Rectify: these imbalances with a lifestyle change including diet, exercise, and shiatsu treatments
What is the Hara Assessement
- Areas on torso refer to condition of different meridian/organ systems
- When assessing Hara, many people feel vulnerable - remain gentle, focused, relaxed.
- Client in zero position, this opens the hara & the abdominal muscles will be loose and flexible.
- Connect with your hara and when you're focused, begin to explore the various regions of the hara
- See page 71
What are the 4 Examinations
- 1. Visual / bo-shin
- 2. Sensing / bun-shin
- 3. asking / mon-shin
- 4. touching / setsu-shin
Definition of Hara, location, and reason to move from it
- Refers to entire abdominal area & specific point
- Approx 3 tsun below umbilicus & 3 tsun deep inside the belly
- Point of balance for our physical, mental, emotional and spiritual life
- Source of health, vitality & endurance
- Acting from the Hara creates movement that are effortless
Posture - why is it important? How does it relate to the Hara?
- Critical for the well-being of your body
- Has an effect on how the treatment is recieved by the client
- Relaxed body, shoulders, jaw, neck, & hips, spine erect, lengthened
YIN/YANG Qualities Applied to Personality & Physiology
YANG: warm body, dry skin, extroverted, active, masculine, linear, hyperactive mentality, aggressive, angry, impatient, loud voice, urgent, logical, quick, desire-filled, large, tense, brawny, red complexion, excess and acute conditions, exterior and superficial imbalances, prefers complexity, needs minimal rest, prefers stimulating environments, hyperactive, coarse features, tendency to dryness, upper body, posterior, lateral
YIN: cool body, moist skin, introverted, passive, feminine, creative, wandering thoughts, timid, fearful, insecure, soft voice, tardy, intuitive, slow, complacent, small, flaccid, delicate, pale complexion, deficiency & chronic conditions, interior and deep imbalances, prefers simplicity, needs adequate and regular rest, prefers relaxed environment, low energy, delicate features, tendency to dampness, lower body, anterior, medial
The 12 Major Meridians pg 20
- Circuit 1: YIN chest to fingers: LUNG, YANG fingers to face: LARGE INTESTINE, YANG face to feet: STOMACH, YIN feet to chest SPLEEN
- Circuit 2: YIN chest to fingers: HEART, YANG fingers to face: SMALL INTESTINE, YANG face to feet URINARY BLADDER, YIN feet to chest KIDNEY
- Circuit 3: YIN chest to fingers PERICARDIUM, YANG fingers to face TRIPLE WARMER, YANG face to feet GALL BLADDER, feet to chest LIVER
Beginning and Ending Points on LU
- two fingers inferior to coracoid process
- proximal radial corner of the thumb nail bed
Beginning and Ending Points on LI
- proximal radial corner of the index finger nail bed
- to the flare of the opposite nostril
Beginning and Ending Points on ST
- below center of eye
- proximal lateral nail bed of the 2nd toe
Beginning and Ending Points on SP
- medial proximal nail bed of the great toe
- 6th intercostal space on the lateral ribs
Beginning and Ending Points on HT
- in axilla
- proximal radial nail bed of the 5th finger
Beginning and Ending Points on SI
- proximal ulnar side of the 5th finger nail bed
- anterior to the ear at the TMJ
Beginning and Ending Points on UB
- inner canthus of eye
- proximal side of the 5th toe nail bed
Beginning and Ending Points on K
- ball of the foot
- lateral to the sternum in the space just below the clavicle
Beginning and Ending Points on PC
- 2 tsun lateral to the 4th intercostal space (lateral from the nipples)
- tip of the 3rd finger
Beginning and Ending Points on TW
- proximal ulnar side of the ring finger nail bed
- lateral to the eyebrow
Beginning and Ending Points on GB
- lateral to the eye
- proximal lateral side of the 4th toe nail bed
Beginning and Ending Points on LV
- proximal lateral nail bed of the great toe
- 6th intercostals space on the nipple line (inferior to nipples)