BSMCON Nursing Research Terms- Test #1

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  1. Empirical Data
    Documented evidence (data) gathered through direct observation rather than the researcher's subjective belief
  2. Nursing Research
    A systematic process of investigating problems to gain knowledge about improving care that nurses provide
  3. Nursing science
    The body of knowledge that is unique to the discipline of nursing
  4. Qualitative research
    An approach for generating knowledge using methods of inquiry that emphasize subjectivity and the meaning of an experience for the individual
  5. Quantitative research
    An approach for generating knowledge based on determining how much of a given behavior, characteristic, or phenomenon is present
  6. Replication
    The ability of researchers to repeat a study using the same variables and methods, or slight variations of them
  7. Research consumer
    Readers of nursing research whose objective is applying findings to nursing practice or using the findings to conduct further research
  8. Research team
    A group that collaborates to conduct a research project, from determining the initial research questions through communicating results
  9. Research rigor
    Striving for excellence in research, which involves discipline, scrupulous adherence to detail, and strict accuracy
  10. Scientific inquiry
    The process of analyzing data critically that have been gathered systematically about a particular phenomenon
  11. Scientific Method
    A systematic research process that involves the following steps: selecting and defining the problem, formulating research questions or hypotheses or both, collecting data, analyzing data, and reporting results
  12. Triangulation
    Use of quantitative and qualitative methods to collect data about a particular phenomenon
  13. Ways of knowing
    An assortment of methods used to acquire new knowledge including tradition, authority, trial and error, and intuition
  14. Anonymity
    A condition in which the identity of subjects remains unknown, even to the researcher, to protect subjects participating in a study, and to promote objective results
  15. Confidentiality
    Protecting data that is gathered or learned from patients by not disclosing information without their permission
  16. Basic research
    A type of study designed to develop the knowledge base and extend theory without direct focus on clinical application.
  17. Applied research
    A type of study designed to gather knowledge that has direct clinical application
  18. Correlational research
    A type of nonexperimental study designed to examine the relationship between and among variables
  19. Cross-sectional research
    A study that collects data at a particular point in time and does not require follow-up
  20. Descriptive research
    A type of nonexperimental study designed to provide a knowledge base when little is known about a phenomenon; used to describe variables rather than test a predicted relationship
  21. Experimental research
    A study in which the researcher manipulates and controls one or more variables and observes the effect on (an)other variable(s).
  22. Human Rights
    The protection of subjects participating in a research study; includes the right to freedom from injury, the right to privacy and dignity, and the right to anonymity and confidentiality
  23. Longitudinal Research
    A study that follows a cohort of subjects and collects data over time
  24. Nonexperimental research
    A descriptive study that does not exhibit a great amount of control over variables
  25. Prospective research
    A study that examines data collected in the present
  26. Retrospective research
    A study that examines data collected in the past
  27. Risk-benefit ratio
    The relationship between potential harm to subjects and potential positive outcomes of participating in a research study; an evaluation used by subjects to make voluntary informed consent
  28. Electronic databases
    Bibliographic files that can be accessed by the computer through an online search or by CD-ROM
  29. Empirical literature
    Databased literature that presents reports of completed research; also called scientific literature
  30. Literature Review
    A critical summary of the most important scholarly literature on a particular topic. Scholarly literature can refer to research-based publications and conceptual or theoretical literature.
  31. Operational definitions
    Explanations of concepts or variables in terms of how they are defined for a particular study
  32. Primary source
    Source reported by the person(s) who conducted the research or developed the theory; refers to original data or first-hand facts
  33. Problem statement
    A statement of the topic under study, outlining all relevant variables within the study, providing justification for the choice of topic, and and guiding the selection of the research design
  34. Purpose statement
    A statement that describes why the study has been created
  35. Refereed journals
    A journal that determines acceptance of manuscripts based on the recommendation of peer reviews
  36. Replication
    The duplication of research procedures in a second study to determine whether earlier results can be repeated
  37. Scientific literature
    A database literature presenting reports of completed research
  38. Secondary source
    Source reported by person(s) other than the individual(s) who conducted the research or developed the theory; usually represents a comment, summary, or critique of another's work
  39. Theoretical literature
    Conceptual articles presenting reports of theories, studies, and other non-research-related material
  40. Borrowed theories
    Theories taken from other disciplines and applied to nursing questions and research problems
  41. Concepts
    Symbolic statements describing a phenomenon or a class of phenomena
  42. Conceptual model
    A set of abstract and general concepts that are assembled to address a phenomenon of interest
  43. Constructs
    Higher-level concepts that are derived from theories and that represent non-observable behaviors
  44. Deductive approach
    An approach to reasoning that generates theory by beginning with known facts, moving from the general to the specific.  It is an approach used to test predictions and validate existing relationships.
  45. Grand theories
    Theories that are complex and broad in scope.  Grand theories attempt to explain broad areas and include numerous concepts that are not well defined and that ambiguous and unclear relationships.
  46. Inductive approach
    An approach to reasoning that involves collecting observations that lead to conclusions or hypotheses.  This approach moves from specific observations to general statements that can be tested through research.
  47. Metaparadigm
    Refers to the primary or central phenomena that are of interest to a particular discipline
  48. Middle-range theories
    Theories that look at a piece of reality and that contain clearly defined variables in which the nature and direction of relationships are specified.
  49. Nursing theory
    A specific and concrete set of concepts and prepositions that account for or characterizes phenomena of interest to the discipline of nursing
  50. Practice theories
    Theories that are more specific than middle-range theories and that produce specific directions or guidelines for practice
  51. Theory
    An organized and systematic set of interrelated statements (concepts) that specify the nature of relationships between two or more variables, with the purpose of understanding a problem or nature of things
  52. Complex hypothesis
    A statement explaining and/or predicting relationships between two or more independent or dependent variables
  53. Dependent variable
    A variable that is observed for changes or to assess the possible effect of a treatment or manipulation; may be the effect or outcome of an experimental procedure
  54. Bracketing
    Identification of any previous knowledge, ideas, or beliefs about the phenomenon under investigation
  55. Category
    Type of concept that is actually used for a higher level of abstraction
  56. Coding
    Process by which data are conceptualized
  57. Confirmability
    Method used to establish the scientific rigor of phenomenological research.  It has three elements:

    Auditability: requires the reader to be able to follow the researcher's decision path and reach a similar conclusion.

    Credibility: requires that the phenomenological description of the lived experience be recognized by by people in the situation as an accurate description of their own experience.

    Fittingness: requires that the phenomenological description is grounded in the lived experience and reflects typical and a atypical elements of the experience.
  58. Constant comparative method of data analysis
    Form of qualitative data analysis that categorizes units of meaning through a process of comparing incident to incident until concepts emerge.
  59. Essences
    Elements or structured units that give an understanding of the lived experience
  60. Ethnography
    A qualitative research approach developed by anthropologists, involving the study and description of a culture in the natural setting.  The researcher is intimately involved in the data collection process and seeks to fully understand how life unfolds for the particular culture under study.
  61. Field work
    An anthropological research approach that involved prolonged residence with members of the culture that is being studied.  Field notes are written as detailed descriptions of researchers' observations, experiences, and conversations in the "field".
  62. Grounded theory
    Discovery of a theory from data that have been systematically obtained through research
  63. Lived experience
    The focus of phenomenological research.  It consists of everyday experiences of an individual in the context of normal pursuits.  It is what is real and true to the individual.
  64. Memos
    Write-up of ideas about codes and their relationships as they occur to the researcher while coding
  65. Participant observer
    A technique in anthropological field work.  It involves direct observation of everyday life in study participants' natural settings and participation in their lifestyle and activities to the greatest extent possible.
  66. Phenomenology
    A philosophy and research method that explores and describes everyday experience as it appears to human consciousness in order to generate and enhance the understanding of what it means to be human. Phenomenology limits philosophical inquiry to acts of consciousness.
  67. Purposive sampling
    Selecting and interviewing participants who have actually lived and experienced the phenomena of interest
  68. Saturation
    Point where data collection is terminated because no new description and interpretations of the lived experience are coming from study participants.
  69. Symbolic interaction
    Theoretical orientation to qualitative research; focus is on the nature of social interaction among individuals
  70. Theoretical sampling
    Process used in data collection that is controlled by the emerging theory; researcher collects, codes, and analyzes the data.
  71. Abstract
    A brief summary of a research study; usually includes the purpose, methods, and findings of a study.
  72. Clinical significance
    Findings that have meaning for patient care in the absence or presence of statistical signficance
  73. Generalizability
    Extent to which research findings can be generalized beyond the given research situation to other settings and subjects; also called external validity
  74. Limitations
    Aspects of a study that are potentially confounding to the main variables
  75. Query letter
    Letter written to an editor to determine the level of interest in publishing a research report.
  76. Refereed journal
    A journal that uses expert peers in specified fields to review and determine whether a particular manuscript will be published
  77. Research report
    A document that summarizes the key aspects of a research study; usually includes the purpose, methods, and findings of a study
  78. Statistical significance
    The extent to which the results of an analysis are unlikely to be the effect of chance
  79. Evidence-based medicine (EBM)
    The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. EBM means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research.
  80. Evidence-based practice (EBP)
    The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about care delivery to individuals or groups of patients and in consideration of individual needs and practices.
  81. Meta-analysis
    A statistical method that takes the results of many studies in a specific area, and synthesizes their findings to draw conclusions regarding the state of science in the area of focus.
Card Set:
BSMCON Nursing Research Terms- Test #1
2013-09-21 02:48:46
BSMCON Nursing Research Terms Test

Flash Cards for Bon Secours Memorial College of Nursing's Senior-Level Nursing Research Course. These are for the first "quiz".
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