Music chapters 1-10

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Music chapters 1-10
2013-09-19 13:19:01
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  1. Chapter 1
  2. Melody
    succession of single pitches that are recognizable as a whole; line or tune in music
  3. What is melody made up of?
    • 1. Contour (shape)
    • 2. Range
    • 3. Movement
  4. Range
    • span of pitches, hight to low
    • (narrow, medium, or wide)
  5. Contour
    • shape;
    • how it moves up and down
    • 1. Conjunct
    • 2. Disconjunct
  6. Conjunct
    small connected intervals
  7. Disjunct
  8. Interval
    distance between 2 pitches
  9. Phrases
    units that make up a melody
  10. Cadence
    • resting places of phrases
    • 1. Inconclusive
    • 2. Final
  11. Climax
    high point in melodic line, peak in intensity as well as in range
  12. Countermelody
    added melody "against melody"
  13. Chapter 2
  14. Rhythm
    is what moves music forward in time
  15. Beat
    Basic unit of rhythm; regular pulse
  16. Accented beats
    stronger beats
  17. Meter
    • marked off in measures; organizes the flow of rhythm in music
    • (ex: 4:4/ 3:4/2:4)
  18. Downbeat
    strong accented beat at the beginning
  19. Duple Meter
    • alternates strong downbeat and weak beat 
    • ex: ONE-two ONE-two
    • (simple meter)
  20. Triple Meter
    • 1 strong beat 2 weak beats
    • ex: ONE-two-three ONE-two-three
  21. Quadruple Meter
  22. Compound meter
    • subdivide each beat into 3
    • ex: sextuple meter
  23. Upbeat
    last beat of the measure
  24. Syncopation
    accents fall on offbeats
  25. Offbeats
    • weak beats, between the stronger beats
    • used in AA dance rhythms, jazz
  26. Polyrhythm
    simultaneous use of conflicting rhythmic patterns
  27. Additive meter
    • grouping of irregular numbers of beats
    •    beats add up to larger pattern
  28. Nonmetric
    no strong sense of beat or meter
  29. Chapter 3
  30. Harmony
    • simultaneous combination of sounds
    • describes the vertical events in music, or how they sound together
    • movement and progression
  31. Chord
    three or more tones sounded together
  32. Scale
    sequence of pitches
  33. Octave
    interval spanning eight notes of the scale
  34. Triad
    three-noted chord, built on alternate pitches of a scale
  35. Organization of Harmony:
    • first note of a scale
    • (home base to other scales)
  36. Organization of Harmony:
    • music organized around the tonic(a scale)
    • scale chosen determines tonality
    • Major or Minor
  37. Major
    (Organization of Harmony:Tonality)
    major tonality tends to create a more joyous, happy coloring
  38. Minor
    (Organization of Harmony:Tonality)
    minor tonality tends to be more somber, reflective and longing
  39. Dissonance
    is tension in need of resolution created by an unstable, or discordant, combination of tones
  40. Consonance
    concordant, or agreeable, combination of musical tones that provides sense of relaxation and fulfillment
  41. Chapter 4
  42. Half Steps
    the octave is divided into 12 half steps; from theses are built the major and minor scales
  43. Chromatic Scale
    made up of the 12 half steps
  44. Diatonic scale
    patterns of seven whole and half steps that form major and minor scales
  45. Minor Scale
    • Fuller
    • Deeper
    • Somber
    • (flats)
    • (W-H-W-W-H-W-W)
  46. Major Scale
    • Higher
    • Happy
    • (sharps)
    • most familiar
    • (W-W-H-W-W-W-H)
  47. Sharps
    raises a tone by a half step
  48. Flat
    lowers a tone by a half step
  49. Whole Steps
    • two half steps
    • (ex: C to D is two half steps or a whole step)
  50. Diatonic
    major or minor key focuses on the 7 tones of the respective scale
  51. Triad
  52. Tonic Chord
    built on the first scale tone, the home base to which active chords need to resolve
  53. Dominant V
    fifth scale step (sol)
  54. Subdominant
    fourth step (fa)
  55. Chapter 5
  56. Types of texture
    • Monophony
    • Heterophony
    • Improvisation
    • Polyphony
    • Homophony
    • Homorhythm
  57. Monophony
    single voice, a group singing in unison without accompaniment 
  58. Heterophony
    • multiple voices, varied melody at the same time,
    • (can be unison or not)
  59. Polyphony
    • many textures, two or more or being combined melodies at the same time
    • counterpoint- one line set against the other
  60. Homophony
    a single voice (melody) width accompaniment