Chapt 42 Stress and Adaptation
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What is adaptation?
The change that takes place as a response to a stressor.
What is Local Adaption Syndrome (LAS)?
localized response of the body to stress.
What is the Reflex Pain Response?
response of the central nervous system to pain
What is the Inflammatory response?
local response to an injury or infection.
What are the two types of Local Adaption Syndrome?
- Reflex Pain Response
- Inflammatory response
What does the parasympathetic nervous system do?
functions under normal conditions and at rest
What does the sympathetic nervous system do?
- functions under stress conditions.
- brings about fight or flight response.
What is the General Adaption Syndrome (GAS)?
the bodies biochemical response to stress
What are the three stages of General Adaption Syndrome?
- Alarm reaction
- Stage of resistance
- Stage of Exhaustion
What is the alarm reaction?
- Fight or flight response
- increased energy levels, O2 intake, CO, BP and mental alertness followed by reversal
What is the stage of resisitance?
- The body attempts to adapt to the stressor.
- Vitals, hormone levels and energy production return to normal
- LAS may go into effect
What is the stage of exhaustion?
- when the adaptive mechanisms are depleted.
- the organism may rest and recuperate or die.
What are psychosomatic disorders?
physiological alterations at least partially cause by psychological influences
What is anxiety?
vague, unseasy feeling of discomfort or dread from an often unknown source.
What is fear?
a cognitive response to a known threat.
What are coping mechanisms?
learned behaviors used to decrease stress and anxiety
What are defense mechanisms?
- Unconscious reactions to stressors to preserve self-esteem.
- useful in mild to moderate anxiety
What is compensation?
when a person attempts to overcome a perceived weakness by excelling in another area
What is Denial
when a person refuses to acknowledge a disturbing condition
What is displacement?
transferring an emotional reaction from one object or person to another object or person
What is introjection?
incorporating qualities or values of another person into your own ego structure
What is projection?
a person's thoughts or impulses are attributed to someone else
What is rationalization?
giving a logically or socially acceptable explanation to explain questionable behavior
What is Reaction Formula?
developing conscious attitudes and behaviors that are opposite of what the person really wants to do.
What is Regression?
returning to an earlier method of behaving
What is repression?
voluntarily excluding an anxiety-producing event from conscious awareness
What is sublimation?
substituting a socially acceptable goal for one whose normal channel of expression is blocked
What is undoing?
an act or communication used to negate a previous act or communication.
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