Intro to spinal nerves and dermatomes

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Author:
BokaliMali
ID:
235223
Filename:
Intro to spinal nerves and dermatomes
Updated:
2013-09-16 21:30:44
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spinal nerves OVCMT
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Description:
KT page 431-435, MS lecture 4 notes
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  1. parts of a peripheral nerve, starting at the spinal chord and moving laterally
    • anterior and posterior rootlets
    • anterior and posterior root
    • join together into a spinal nerve
    • splits into anterior and posterior ramus
    • spinal nerve also splits into recurrant meningeal nerve
  2. root ganglions are found in the
    posterior root but not the anterior root
  3. root ganglions are
    a collection of nerve cell bodies within the posterior root
  4. anterior rootlets carry
    motor information
  5. posterior rootlets carry
    sensory information
  6. spinal nerves carry
    mixed sensory and motor information
  7. spinal nerves, moving laterally, split into
    posterior ramus and anterior ramus and meningeal nerve
  8. posterior rami innervate (supply sensation to and stimulate)
    deep muscles and skin of the dorsal surface of the trunk (your back)
  9. anterior rami innervate (supply sensation to and stimulate)
    • only thoracic nerves (intercostal) innervate directly. (ha! trick question!)
    • ¬†Cervical and abdominal nerves split into plexuses (lit. braid or network) a system of axons combined from adjacent nerves.
  10. anterior rami, moving laterally, become
    either intercostal nerves (T2-T12) or plexuses (all other)
  11. the recurrant meningeal nerve sinnervate (supply sensation to and stimulate)
    the spinal chord itself
  12. after splitting off from the spinal nerve, the meningeal nerve then
    re-enters the spinal column through the intervertebral foramen
  13. rootlets leave the spinal column through
    intervertebral foramen
  14. Dermatomes are
    an area of skin that is supplied by a single spinal nerve
  15. Dermatomes are innervated
    segmentally from vertex to toes. Nerves exiting at specific levels innervate the skin in that vicinity
  16. How many cervical nerves are there? How many cervical vertebrae are there?
    8 cervical nerves. 7 cervical vertebrae.
  17. Does a peripheral nerve only ever touch a single dermatome?
    No. Peripheral nerves may be composed of several spinal nerves and cross several dermatomes. The dermatomal innervation is determined by the spinal nerve specifically.

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