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  1. Agnosia
    The inability to recognize familiar objects or persons
  2. Apraxia
    Called dyspraxia if the condition is mild; characterized by loss of ability to execute or carry out skilled movements or gestures, despite having the desire and physical ability to perform them
  3. Autonomic Dysreflexia (Hyperreflexia)
    Syndrome characterized by paroxysmal hypertension, bradycardia, excessive sweating, facial flushing, nasal congestion, pilomotor responses, and headache. The syndrome occurs with spinal lesions above T6 after the period of spinal shock is complete. Triggers include visceral stimulation from a distended bladder or impacted rectum. The syndrome is a neurological emergency and must be treated immediately to prevent a hypertensive stroke.
  4. Babinski Reflex
    Dorsiflexion of the big tow with extension; elicited by firmly stroking the lateral aspect of the sole of the foot.
  5. Brudzinski's Sign
    Involuntary flexion of the hip and knee when the neck is passively flexed;indicates meningeal irritation.
  6. Decerebrate (extensor) posturing
    Stiff extension of one or both arms and possibly the legs; indicates a brain stem lesion.
  7. Decorticate (flexor) posturing
    Flexure of one or both arms on the chest and possibly stiff extension of the legs; indicates damaged cortex
  8. Flaccid Posturing
    No motor response display in any extremity
  9. Glasgow Coma Scale
    The method of assessing a client's neurological condition. The scoring system is based on a scale of 1 to 15 points. A score of less than 8 indicates that coma is present.
  10. Halo Traction
    Insertion of pins or screws into the client's skull and application of a circular fixation device and halo jacket or cast; used to immobilize the cervical spine.
  11. Hemianopsia
    Blindness in half the visual field.
  12. Homonymous Hemianopsia
    Loss of half of the field of view on the same side in both eyes
  13. Increased Intracranial Pressure
    Increased pressure within the skull caused by trauma, hemorrhage, growths or tumors, hydrocephalus, edema, or inflammation. Increased pressure can impede circulation to the brain and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid and can affect nerve cell functioning, leading to brainstem compression and death.
  14. Kernig's Sign
    Loss of the ability of a supine client to straighten the leg completely when it is fully flexed at the knee and hip; indicates meningeal irritation.
  15. Nuchal Rigidity
    Stiff neck; flexion of the neck onto the chest causes intense pain.
  16. Skull Tongs
    Tongs inserted into the outer aspect of the client's skull, just above the ears, with application of traction. Types include Gardner-Wells, Barton, and Crutchfield tongs.
  17. Tensilon Test
    Test used to diagnose myasthenia gravis and to differentiate between myasthenic crisis and cholinergic crisis.
  18. Unilateral Neglect (Neglect Syndrome)
    An inability to recognize a physical impairment on one side of the body. It occurs most commonly in clients who have had a right cerebral stroke.
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2013-09-17 02:19:49

Neuro cards
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