Equine Management - Week I

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tscoular
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235284
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Equine Management - Week I
Updated:
2013-09-17 00:16:19
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equine management vet tech
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Equine - Joyce Brod
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  1. what are the six roles of an RVT/LVT in equine medicine?
    • 1. assist in diagnosis/treatment
    • 2. assist with pre-op/post-op care in clinic and field
    • 3. assist with pre-breeding and/or pre-purchase exams
    • 4. coggins testing (EIA)
    • 5. herd health work
    • 6. research
  2. what are the four diseases an RVT/LVT assists in diagnosis and treatment?
    • 1. respiratory diseases
    • 2. digestive diseases/colic
    • 3. lameness
    • 4. reproductive diseases
  3. what is included in a pre-purchase exam?
    • age
    • markings
    • auscultation of lungs, heart, digestive system
    • test for lameness
    • radiographs if needed
  4. what five areas are included in herd health?
    • 1. vaccinations
    • 2. deworming/pasture management
    • 3. sanitation/ventilation
    • 4. neonatal care
    • 5. nutrition
  5. what is the name of the first horse 55 million years ago?
    eohippus
  6. what is another name for eohippus?
    dawn horse
  7. what are the five descriptions of eohippus?
    • 1. 10-20" tall
    • 2. 4 toes on front
    • 3. 3 toes on hind
    • 4. teeth were simple crowns
    • 5. browser not grazer - lived in forest
  8. what is the name of the horse 35 million years ago?
    mesohippus
  9. what is another name for mesohippus?
    middle horse
  10. what are the four descriptions of mesohippus?
    • 1. 20" tall
    • 2. each foot had 3 toes (middle was largest)
    • 3. browser
    • 4. teeth grew bigger
  11. when did eohippus live?
    55 million years ago
  12. when did mesohippus live?
    35 million years ago
  13. what is the name of the horse 26 million years ago?
    merychippus
  14. what are the four descriptions of merychippus?
    • 1. 40" tall
    • 2. middle toes larger ending in hoof and bore all the weight
    • 3. time of mountain development - thinning of forest
    • 4. horse started grazing - teeth developed high crowns and good cementum for grinding course grasses
  15. when did merychippus live?
    26 million years ago
  16. what is the name of the horse 2-3 million years ago?
    pliohippus
  17. what is another name for merychippus?
    grass eater
  18. what is another name for pliohippus?
    one-toed grazer
  19. what are the four descriptions for pliohippus?
    • 1. taller - equivalent to modern horses
    • 2. side toes became bones on side of legs (splint bones)
    • 3. teeth changed to adapt to eating grass
    • 4. eyes wider for better vision
  20. what is the name of the modern horse?
    equus
  21. what is another name for equus?
    true horse
  22. when did pliohippus live?
    2-3 million years ago
  23. what are the two descriptions for equus?
    • 1. middle toe has terminated into stout hoof
    • 2. teeth high crowned, continually growing
  24. what are the three undomesticated species of horse?
    • 1. zebra of Africa
    • 2. wild ass of Africa and Asia
    • 3. Przhevalski's horse
  25. when did equus die out in the Americas?
    Pliestocene era
  26. which toes are missing on the horse?
    1 and 5
  27. what was the purpose of the horse for prehistoric man?
    food source
  28. when did horses become domesticated?
    Bronze Age
  29. what were the forerunners of the swift Arabian breeds of the Middle East?
    Egyptian and Babylonian horses
  30. what horse was the ancestor of the modern draft horse?
    European
  31. what horse was the prototype of the modern pony?
    British Isles
  32. when were the first domestic horses introduced to the Americas?
    16th century Spanish Conquistadores
  33. What horses descended from the Spanish Conquistadore import?
    Mustangs in western US
  34. who is the father of horsemanship?
    Xenophon
  35. when were Arabian stallions imported to England thereby giving rise to breed improvements?
    17th century
  36. what are the three foundation sires for the Thoroughbred?
    • 1. Byerly Turk
    • 2. Darley Arabian
    • 3. Godolphin Barb or Arabian
  37. when was the British Stud Book established?
    1791
  38. when was the American Stud Book established?
    1873
  39. when was the first public racecourse built? what was the name and where was it built?
    1174, Smithfield Track, London
  40. when and where was the first track built in North America?
    1665 Long Island
  41. when and where was the Jockey Club incorporated?
    1894 New York City
  42. why has the equine population declined?
    development of mechanical transportation

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