Bio 110

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adityakaul
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235304
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Bio 110
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2013-09-17 02:15:47
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  1. The only type of macromolecule that does not form part of the membrane structure
    neucleic acid
  2. The molecules that forms the main hydrophobic core of a cell membrane
    phospholipids
  3. The general term for processes that bring macromolecules, particles, and small cells into another cell
    • Endocytocis
    • phagocytosis
  4. A solution that has a higher concentration of solutes than than the solution on the other side of a membrane
    Hypertonic
  5. Small molecules, large number of which are linked together to make macromolecules.
    Mnmers
  6. The monomers of DNA and RNA:
     
    nucleotides
  7. The monomers of proteins:
    Amin Acids
  8. Monomers of carbohydrates
    monosacherides
  9. A polysaccharide used for cellular structure rather than energy storage like other carbohydrates
    cellulose
  10. A highly branched polysaccharide use by animals for cellular energy storage
    glycogen
  11. Nucleotides that have two nitrogen-containing ringed bases fused together.
    purines
  12. Nucleotides
    basic building blocks of neucleic acid.
  13. A class of macromolecules that play an important role both in energy storage and in forming cell membranes
    lipids
  14. The material enclosed withing the membrane of the cell but outside the nucleus, including liquid, dissolved solutes and insoluble particles such as ribosomes
    cytoplasm
  15. The non-membrane bound organelles responsible for protein synthesis
    ribosomes
  16. The place in a cell where DNA is transcribed into RNA during gene expression.
    neucleus
  17. The place where ribosomes are assembled from RNA and proteins
    neucleolus
  18. Small membrane-bound droplets that shuttle materials among members of the endomembrane system and other parts of the cell
    vesicles
  19. The site for synthesis of lipids and steroids
    Smooth ER
  20. The site for most chemical modification and detoxification of small molecules in a cell
    smooth er
  21. A meshwork of fibers inside a cell that functions in structure, transport and movement of a cell.
    cytoskeleton
  22. The ability of many cytoskeleton fibers to regularly and rapidly engage in various types of modifications.
    dynamic instability
  23. Tough, highly branched cytoskeleton fibers that are not regularly modified or moved that resist tension in a cell.
    intermediate filaments
  24. Long, hollow fibers that act as a framework to allow vesicle transport within a cell.
    Microtubules
  25. A meshwork of proteins and carbohydrates found outside animal cells that helps hold groups of cells together.
    Extracellular matrix
  26. carrier proteins work by binding to one molecule of solute at a time and transporting it with the solute gradien
    uniporter
  27. an integral membrane protein that is involved in movement of two or more different molecules or ions across a phospholipid membrane
    symporter
  28. an integral membrane protein involved in secondary active transport of two or more different molecules or ions
    antiporter

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