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  1. what is a family?
    • people who are:
    •  related or sexually expressive
    •  financially supporting one another
    •  in an intimate and committed relationship
  2. Nuclear Family?
    Father, Mother, and their children
  3. Extended Family?
    You, your partner, and children you may have, and other relatives who live in your household or nearby (grandparents helping to care for grandchildren)
  4. Voluntary childless family?
    a couple who decide not to have children
  5. Family of Origin?
    Family tree; in which you are born to and raised
  6. Patriarchal Family?
    Father runs the house
  7. Matriarchal Family?
    Mother runs the house
  8. Gay/Lesbian Family?
    2 people of the same sex who are living together, having sex, being mutually cimmitted
  9. Single Parent Family?
    a parent who may or may not have been married and has one or more children
  10. Cohabiting Family?
    2 people of the opposite sex who are living together and sharing sexual expression, and who are committed to their relationship without formal marriage
  11. Blended Family?
    Family formed with a widowed or divorced person with or w/o children; remarried another person who may or may not have been married before and who may or may not have children
  12. Bi-nuclear Family?
    Original family divided into 2 families by divorce
  13. Family of Procreation?
    Family you establish if you have children of your own
  14. Polygamous?
    single famiy unit based on the marriage of one person to 2 or more
  15. PolyGYnous?
    a man married to 2 or more women
  16. Polyandrous?
    a woman married to 2 or more men
  17. Instrumental Role-
    • Economic Security
    • Social Status
  18. Expressive Role-
    • Love and Intimacy
    • Companionship
  19. Democracy-
    • Women more equal
    • Childrens needs important
  20. Contributing factors to postponing marriage?
    • more cohabiting couples
    • increased acceptance of non-marital cohabitation
    • more opportunites for non-marital sexual expression
  21. Structional/Functional Theory-
    • Emphasizes the function of the family as a social instituion meeting the needs of society
    • (purpose of family is to provide what society needs and expects)
    •  Common residence/ exonomic cooperation/ reproduction/ sexual functions/ nurture& socialization of kids
  22. Family Developmental Theory-
    • Family Life Cycle- stages or family as it changes over the life span
    •  changes in structure and roles at each stage
    • Developmental Tasks- growth responsibilities required at each stage
    • The order of the stages is important (work,marriage,parenthood)
  23. Symbolic Interaction Theory-
    • Family=unit of interacting personalities
    • Focus=how family members interact using words,gestures,rules, and roles
    • Actions/feeling= determined not just by what happens, but also by our interpretation of these events
  24. Systems Theory-
    • sees family members as interdependent on one another
    • views family as a structure of related subsystems
    • subsystems interact with one another
    • to change habitual interactions that arent working requires analyzing the interactions of subsystems
  25. Social Learning Theory-
    • parents are role models for children
    • children imitate their parents' behavior,attitudes, and perceptions
  26. Exchange Theory-
    • measure relationship on cost/benefit basis
    •   max benefits & min costs
    •   benefits=what person gets out of relationship
    •   costs=what each person gives up
    • (over all quality of relationship)
  27. Conflict Theory-
    • Conflict is normal
    • Families can function better if they know
    •    sources of conflicts
    •    sources of power
  28. Feministy Theory-
    • Looks at male-female inequalities of power in families
    • each person should be able to make their own choices about their own individual lives
    • one person's choice is never more important or valuable than another person's?
    • gender roles/power roles
  29. 6 qualities of strong families
    • appreciation and affection
    • communication
    • commitment
    • spending time together
    • spiritual well being
    • effective coping with stress and crisis
  30. fertility rate
    • # of children a woman is expected to have in her lifetime
    • -hispanics=3.2
    • -non-hispanic whites=1.9
    • -blacks=2.1
  31. Gender Identity-
    a person's personal, internal sense of maleness or femaleness, which is expressed in personality and behavior.
  32. Gender Role-
    a person's outward expression of maleness or femaleness
  33. Divorce Rate-
    • Current is 40-50%
    • less likely to divorce if-
    • marry after age 25 w/no kids
    • educated
    • adequate income
    • religious
    • parents not divorced
  34. traditional masculine and feminine stereotypes
    • assumed differences
    • norms
    • attitudes
    • expectations
  35. masculine stereotypes
    • aggressive
    • dominant
    • strong
    • forceful
    • self-confident
    • rugged
    • independent
  36. feminine stereotypes
    • submissive
    • dependent
    • emotional
    • weak
    • kind
    • gentle
    • sensitive
  37. problems with Gender Stereotypes
    • conformance to norms expected
    • different jobs and pay
    • behavioral double standards
    • -non stereotypic behavior=negative opinion
    • -gender role segregation=lack of cooperation,companionship,imtimacy
    • -traditional male/female traits dont work in romantic relationships
  38. advantages of staying single
    • deliberate choice
    • fear of marriage
    • lack of opportunity
    • circumstances
    • self-development/personal growth
    • freedom/variety of sexual experiences
    • career opportunites
  39. Role Strain
    causes constant stress= work/child care/ household=no leiser time/no social life

    stress decreases quality of parenting
Card Set:
2013-09-17 09:23:11

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