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What is community policing
- Is an organization-wide philosophy and management approach that promotes
- 1)community and police/government partnerships
- 2)proactive problem solving to prevent crime
- 3)community engagement to address the cause of crime, fear of crime, and other community issues
What are the two main themes in all the definitions of community policing
- 1) police and community partnerships
- 2) a proactive, problem-solving approach to the police function
When did modern policing begin
Modern policing began with the formation of the London metropolitan police, founded by Sir Robert Peel in 1829
What did Sir Robert Peel's principles empathize
- Peels principles emphasised the 1)interdependency of the police and the public
- as well as
- 2) the prevention of crime and disorder
What are the three eras of community policing
- 1st) Political era
- 2nd) reforms or the progressive era
- 3) Community era
What was the Police-community relationship of the political era
During the political era the police sought an intimate relationship with the community
What was the Police-community relationship of the reform era (progressive era)
During the reform era the police relationship with the community they served was professional remote
What is the Police-community relationship of the community era
During the community era the police sought to reestablish a close relationship with the community
What did the professional model of the policing emphasize?
The professional model emphasized crime control by preventive automobile patrol coupled with response to calls
What are some common types of crime prevention?
Crime prevention programs that enlist citizens aid include operations identification programs, neighborhood- or block-watch programs, and home and automobile security programs.
What are the four essential dimension of community policing?
Cordner's four dimensions of community policing are the philosophical, strategic, tactical, and organizational dimensions
VOCAB: Community policing
A philosophy or orientation that emphasizes working proactively with citizens to reduce fear, solve crime-related problems, and prevent crime
A group of 10 families
VOCAB: Tithing system
The Anglo-Saxon principle establishing the principle of collective responsibility for maintaining local law and order.
VOCAB: Frankpledge System
The Norman system: requiring all free men to swear loyalty to the king's law and to take responsibility for maintaining the local peace.
VOCAB: Hue and Cry
The summoning of all citizens within earshot to join in pursuing and capturing a wrongdoer.
A model or a way of viewing a specific aspect of life, such as politics, medicine, education, and the criminal justice system
A new way of thinking about a specific subject.
VOCAB: political era
1)witnessed the formation of police departments (1840-1930)
VOCAB: Patronage system
Politicians rewarded those who voted for them with jobs or special privileges; prevalent during the political era.... also called the spoils system
VOCAB: Spoils system
Politicians rewarded those who voted for them with jobs or special privileges; prevalent during the political era.... also called the Patronage system
VOCAB: Reform era
Emphasized preventive automobile patrol and rapid response to calls for service. Also called the Progressive era.
VOCAB: Progressive era
Emphasized preventive automobile patrol and rapid response to calls for service. Also called the Reform era.
VOCAB: The thin blue line
The distancing of the police from the public they serve
VOCAB: Professional model
Emphasized crime control by preventive automobile patrol coupled with rapid response to calls. The predominant policing model used during the reform era (1970s and 1980s)
VOCAB: public relations
- Efforts to enhance the police image.... (also see community relations)
- "We'll tell you what were doing, but leave us alone to fight crime"
VOCAB: Community Relations
- Efforts to interact and communicate with the community-team policing, community resource officers and school liaison. Officers..
- (See also publix relations)
VOCAB: Human relations
Efforts to relate to and understand other individuals or groups.
Responding after the fact; responding to calls for service. The opposite of proactive
Anticipating problems and seeking solutions to those problems, as in the community policing. The opposite of reactive.