SA Med & Sx Exam 1
Card Set Information
SA Med & Sx Exam 1
SA Exam 1
Procedures that use anesthesia
a loss of sensitivity to pain.
CNS depression or drowsiness.
Slightly aware/ unaware of surroundings
Aroused by noxious stimulation
Calm, reluctant to move
Aware of, but unconcerned of surroundings
Can be aroused with sufficient stimulation
Sleeplike state induced by narcotics
Not easily aroused
Small, specific area of the body
Example of local anesthesia
lidocaine used in a laceration repair, or tumor removal
applied to body surfaces or a wound
Example of topical anesthesia
Proparacaine used in a corneal exam
loss of sensation to a limited area of the body
Example of regional anesthesia
Multiple drugs in smaller quantities
List roles of the vet tech as the anesthetist
Preparation, operation and maintenance of anesthetic equipment
Administration of anesthetic agents
cutting off oxygen supply; suffocation
collapse of a portion or all of one or both lungs
delivers inhalation anesthetic and carrier gas to patient and removes exhaled co2.
Closed only system
pop off valve is kept nearly or completely close. Flow of oxygen is low.
Fresh gas inlet
point where carrier and anesthetic gases enter the breathing circuit
Volume of a normal breath: 10-15mL/Kg
Purpose of ET tube
Less dead space
Precise administration of anesthetic agent
Prevent pulmonary aspiration
: Pilot Balloon
: Length Scale
: ID Scale
What is the ratio of Oxygen: Nitrous Oxide
What are the four components of an anesthetic machine?
Compressed Gas Supply
What minimum level of oxygen content does the anesthetized patient need to sustain cellular metabolism?
Color coding of compressed gas:
What is the function of the tank pressure gauge?
Indicate the pressure of gas remaining in a compressed gas cylinder
: Outlet port
: Pressure reducing valve
: Tank pressure gauge
: Line pressure gauge
: Tank valve
The pressure reducing valve reduces the pressure in the line to ___ -____psi
What is the function of the flowmeter?
Indicates gas flow. Expressed in L/min.
Reduces pressure to 15psi
Non precision vaporizer
VIC- vaporizer in circuit
delivers precise amount of anesthetic
high vapor pressure
What is the induction and maintenance rate for isoflurane
What is the induction and maintenance rate for sevoflurane
What is the induction and maintenance rate for desflurane?
List the steps of air flow of anesthetic and carrier gases.
inhalation unidirectional valve
exhalation unidirectional valve
CO2 absorber canister
The reservoir bag should be ____ full at peak expiration.
What is the rule of thumb for selecting size of the rebreathing bag?
To minimize atelectasis, how often should you manually bag?
What does the pressure manometer do?
indicates the pressure of gases within the breathing circuit
Respiratory Minute Volume
Tidal volume X Resp. Rate
Non rebreathing systems require ____ rates during all periods.
Which parts of the anesthesia machine require no regular maintenance?
Tank and line pressure gauges, manometer, oxygen flush valve
List the parts of the vaporizer
Three parts to the Minimum Patient Database
Physical exam & assessment
Pre anesthetic diagnostic workup
Five parts of signalment
List parts of the PE/PA
Body weight, BCS, hydration, LOC, pain score, body temp, general condition, exterior surfaces, PLR, cardiovascular exam, MM, respiratory, abdominal.
List parts to the pre-anesthetic diagnostic workup
Class P1 use _________ anesthetic risk
P1 & P2 use _______ anesthetic risk
P3-P5 use ____________ anesthetic risk
P5 use _______ anesthetic risk
What are the complications of not withholding food before surgery?
esophageal reflux, vomiting, regurgitation, pulmonary aspiration, pneumonia
List reasons for placing an IV catheter.
Administration of vesicants
Sequential administration of incompatible drugs