Case Study 1

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Case Study 1
2013-09-17 14:10:59

terms for case study 1
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  1. adhesions
    fibrous bands or structures by which body parts abnormally adhere, as in wound healing.
  2. adnexa
    appendages or adjunct parts; in gynecology, used to describe the tubes and ovaries (primarily used in the plural form)
  3. adnexal mass
    an abnormality in the uterine adnexa
  4. approximate
    to bring close together or into apposition
  5. arthralgia
    pain in a joint
  6. beta-hCG
    human chorionic gonadotropin; the pregnancy hormone found in the blood
  7. bimanual
    performed using both hands
  8. blood type O
    blood type O has neither A nor B antigens (blood type O is in 40% of the population)
  9. chromic suture
    absorbable catgut suture material
  10. Claforan
    antibiotic against gram negative bacteria, trade name
  11. crown-rump length
    the length between the top of the head to the buttocks or gluteal region
  12. cul-de-sac
    a blind pouch
  13. Demerol
    trade name for meperidine hydrochloride, a drug to sedate and relieve pain
  14. distal
    situated away from the center of the body, or from the point of origin; specifically applied to the extremity or distant part of a limb or organ
  15. ectopic pregnancy
    a pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum becomes implanted on tissue outside of the uterine cavity
  16. edema
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body, resulting in swelling
  17. embedding
    fixating a tissue specimen in a firm medium to keep it intact during sectioning of the tissue
  18. endovaginal
    within the vagina
  19. EtOH
    abbreviation for ethyl alcohol ethanol, grain alcohol; each letter is pronounced individually
  20. exploratory laparotomy
    surgical entry into the abdomen to examine the abdominal contents
  21. fallopian tube
    also called oviduct or uterine tube; transports the ovum from the ovary to the uterus
  22. fascia
    supportive layer of thin connective tissue within the muscles and organs of the body
  23. figure-of-8 stitches
    sutures in which the thread follows the contours of the figure 8
  24. fundus
    the bottom or base of anything; the part of an organ opposite the opening into that organ
  25. general endotracheal tube
    referring to the tube inserted within the trachea through which to administer general anesthesia
  26. gravia 2, para 1, abortus 1
    2 pregnancies, 1 live birth, 1 abortion or miscarriage
  27. gravia 3,para 1-0-2-1
    three pregnancies, 1 live birth, no premature births, 2 abortions or miscarriages, and 1 living child
  28. GYN
    abbreviation for gynecology; pronounced "jin" or G-Y-N
  29. Heaney clamp
    medical tool used to grasp and manipulate tissue
  30. HEENT
    abbreviation for head, eyes, ears, nose, throat; each letter is pronounced individually
  31. hematemesis
    the vomiting of blood
  32. hematochezia
    the passage of bloody stools
  33. hematocrit
    the volume percentage of erythrocytes in whole blood
  34. hematuria
    blood in the urine
  35. hemoglobin
    carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs
  36. hemoperitoneum
    an effusion of blood in the abdominal cavity
  37. hemostasis
    the arrest of bleeding by surgical means
  38. ICD Code 633.1
    International Classification of Diseases; a standard list of identifying codes used in statistics, billing, etc. (this code refers to an ectopic pregnancy.)
  39. informed consent
    a patient gives written permission for surgery, clinical treatment, and to release his or her records to a 3rd party after a thorough discussion of the issues with the physician invoved
  40. lactated Ringer's
    a fluid and electrolyte replenisher given to a patient by intravenous infusion
  41. lyse
    to cut or separate, as at surgery
  42. lysis of adhesions
    disintegration or destruction of adhesions (a surgical procedure)
  43. melena
    the passage of black stools
  44. mesosalpinx
    layers that enclose a uterine tube, which are composed of the broad ligament of the uterus and are located above the mesovarium
  45. milliliter(s)
    unit of volume in the metric system, being one thousandth of a liter; abbreviated mL, sometimes dictated "mills"
  46. mucopurulent
    containing both mucus and pus
  47. No. 1
    referring to the size of suture material
  48. normal saline
    a 0.9% solution of sodium chloride (salt water)
  49. oriented x3
    neurologic terminology meaning that a patient is aware of person, place, and time
  50. packing laps
    cloths used to pack off the tissues and aid in hemostasis during surgery; also called laparotomy pack
  51. palpable
    perceptible by touch
  52. pelvic
    referring to the pelvis, the basinlike structure formed by the hips, and all it contains
  53. pelvic ultrasound
    an imaging study of the pelvic area in which the deep structures of the pelvis are scanned by way of ultrasonic waves for diagnostic purposes
  54. peritoneum
    the serous membrane lining the abdominal walls and investing the viscera
  55. Pfannenstiel incision
    abdominal incision across the abdomen curved in a "smile" at the bikini line; named for Dr. Hermann Johann Pfannenstiel, a German gynecologist
  56. Phenergan
    medicinal sedative and antinauseant; trade name
  57. pilonidal cyst
    a cyst containing a tuft of hairs, usually found at the base of the spine
  58. positive cardiac activity
    medical term for " the heart is beating" and all that the statement implies
  59. proximal
    nearest the trunk or point of origin, said of part of a limb, artery or nerve
  60. pseudodecidual sign
    a false response of the lining of the uterus in the absence of pregnancy
  61. pseudogestational sac
    false pregnancy; the gestational sac surrounds the embryo, but in a false pregnancy, there is a "pseudo" or false gestational sac
  62. retractor
    instrument used to hold wound edges or tissues apart during surgery
  63. Rh-negative
    describes blood with no Rh antigen
  64. Rh-positive
    describes blood with the Rh antigen
  65. RhoGAM
    trade name for a preparation of Rh0(D) immune globulin, required in an Rh-negative mother
  66. ruptured tubal pregnancy
    a pregnancy in a fallopian tube that has burst through the walls of the tube
  67. salpingectomy
    surgical removal of a uterine tube
  68. serosal abrasion
    wearing away of the serous membrane due to friction or pressure
  69. speculum
    instrument used to spread open a passage of cavity for ease in its examination; most often dictated in relation to spreading the vaginal canal
  70. staple gun
    an instrument by which one accomplishes the process of closing a surgical opening with staples
  71. subcutaneous
    beneath the skin
  72. tetanus
    acute infectious disease (commonly called lockjaw) caused by the toxin of the bacterium Clostridium tetani; easily prevented by immunization
  73. transabdominal
    across or through the abdominal wall
  74. transvaginal ultrasound
    an imaging study utilizing sound waves performed through the vagina (radiologic procedure)
  75. tubo-ovarian
    pertaining to a uterine tube and ovary
  76. tubo-uterine
    pertaining to a uterine tube and the uterus
  77. urinalysis
    physical, chemical, or microscopic analysis or examination of urine
  78. Vicryl
    trade name for an absorbable suture made of multifilament braided material