music in western culture

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Author:
dacastro
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235387
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music in western culture
Updated:
2013-09-17 19:08:40
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Description:
vocabulary for music chapters 2-4
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  1. alleluia
    celebratory section of the mass used to replace the tract during Easter. Early development of the melisma was centered on the last syllable
  2. cantus firmus
    primary song used to identify elongated chants in the bottom voice of midevil times
  3. antiquity
    ancient times pree 500 BC
  4. chant
    a simple early christian liturgical song in monophonic and monosyllabic style
  5. counter reformation
    the reaction to the protestant reformation of the 16th century by catholic church
  6. dance suite
    a group of contrasting dances that are complied into a singular composition. A form that originated in the late renaissance period
  7. gothic
    the last era of the medieval period characterized by the graceful architecture and stained glass.
  8. gregorian chant
    a simple early christian liturgical song in monophonic and monosyllabic style
  9. guidonian chant
    a mnemonic device developed by Guido of Arezzo to teach sight singing. A variant was used to develop the five line staff
  10. madrigal
    an a Capella four  to eight part composition initiated during the renaissance in Italy and later popular in England that had pastoral texts and were written for the enjoyment of amateurs
  11. mass
    the service of the celebration of the sacrament of the Eucharist in the early christian church and current catholic church
  12. midieval
    middle ages  500-1400 AD
  13. melisma
    a series of notes preformed on one syllable
  14. melismatic organum
    organum with chant cantus firmus placed in the lowest voice and melismas added in upper voices to create a new composition during the medieval period
  15. minnesinger
    an early german secular singer
  16. missale
    the book of text for the mass throughout the church year
  17. motet
    • originally a musical composition of the medieval
    • period with multiple text and a cantus firmus. Used later to mean a sacred vocal compostion that was not part of the mass
  18. musica reserveta
    • reserved music. 
    • in the renaissance a complimentary term indicating that a music composition was pleasant to the senses and the words and music worked together to complete a work of great beauty
  19. nuemes
    informal marks on texts of the mass that developed in musical notation
  20. oblique organum
    organum that consisted of voices that moved in contrary motion
  21. office
    an original worship service of the christian church. the celebration of the office occurred at three hour intervals every day
  22. organum
    added parallel or contrasting lines to plainchant to amplify or enhance the sound
  23. plainchant
    a simple early christian liturgical song
  24. plainsong
    a simple early christian liturgical song
  25. proper
    the portion of the mass where the text change according to the tradition of the seasons of the liturgical church year
  26. reformation
    the religious movement of the 16th century that established a number of protestant denominators
  27. renaissance
    rebirth 1400-1600
  28. Romanesque
    the early era in the medieval period
  29. tract
    a somber portion of the mass. the alleluia replaces this movement during easter
  30. trecento
    • the 14th century
    • the hundreds year war
    • the black death 
    • the great schism in the church
  31. trope
    an early form of music where additional text and melodies are added to the text of the mass
  32. troveres
    early secular singers originating in the north of france
  33. troubadours
    early secular singers originating in the south of France allowed women to participate

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