Anat. and Phys. Test 1 and 2

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Anat. and Phys. Test 1 and 2
2013-09-17 18:52:29
Anatomy test

key terms and nessicary notes needed for most chapter one and two anatomy tests
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  1. Basic characteristics of all living things (6 things)
    Organization, Responsiveness, movement, Growth and development, Reproductive, Metabolism and excretion.
  2. Gross Anatomy
    Attributes that can be observed of the human body
  3. Surface anatomy
    General form and superficial markings
  4. Reginal anatomy
    specific areas of the body
  5. systematic
    Organ systems
  6. Microscopic
    Consists of anatomy aspects at micro level
  7. Cell physiology
    Function of cells
  8. Specialphy
    Special organ (cardiac)
  9. systematic
    function of specific systems
  10. Pathological
    effects of diseases
  11. 6 levels of Organization
    Chemical/Molecular, Organ, cellular, tissue, Organ system, Organism
  12. Autoregulation
    adjust automatically
  13. Extrinsic regulation
    adjust due to Nervous or Endocrine system
  14. Receptor
    sensor that is sensitive to a particular environment
  15. Control center
    receives and produces info from receptor
  16. Effector
    cell of organ that responds to control center
  17. 2 Bodily "loops"
    • negative (small)
    • positive (exaggerated)
  18. membranes 2 main parts
    parietal and visceral
  19. 3 main body cavities
    Cranial cavity, Spinal, ventral
  20. Thorastic composed of 2 smaller parts
    Pleural and Pericardia
  21. 3 Types of chemical bonds
    Ionic, covalent, hydrogen
  22. Metabolism classified as 3 parts
    Decomposition, Synthesis, Exchange
  23. 3 Types of concentration
    Isotonic, Hypertonic, Hypotonic
  24. Carbohydrates
    C, H, O
  25. Lipids
    C,H, and lesser O
  26. Lipids composed of 6 different classes
    fatty acids, Eicosconoids, glycerides, phospholipids, steroide, Glycolipids
  27. Protein
    C, H, O, N
  28. 7 Major functions of Proteins
    Support, movement, transport, buffering, metabolic regulation, coordination and control, defense
  29. 4 Structures of Protein
    Primary, secondary, tertiary, quatermaly
  30. Enzymes
    Catalysts that lower activation energy of a reaction
  31. substrates
    reactions in enzymatic reactions
  32. 3 characteristics of enzymes
    specifity, saturation, regulation
  33. Nucleic acid
    C, H, O, N, P
  34. Purines
    Adenime Guanime
  35. Pyridines
    cytosine thymine Uracel
  36. Phosphorylation
    the attachment of a phosphate group to another molecule
  37. Intequmentary system
    Skin; protects against environmental hazards
  38. Nervous system
    Spinal cord; Directs immediate responses to stimuli
  39. skeletal system
    Bones; structure and support
  40. Endocrine System
    Thyroid gland; Adjusts metabolic activity and energy used by the body
  41. Muscular System
    Skeletal muscles; provides movement
  42. Cardiovascular
    Heart; distributes blood cells
  43. Lymphatic system
    Spleen Defends against infection and disease
  44. Urinary
    bladder; stores urine prior to elimination
  45. Respatory
    Lungs provides oxygen to blood stream
  46. Reproductive system
    Ovaries; produces female sex cells and hormones
  47. Digestive system
    Stomach; processes food