Anatomy Chap 1

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alicat
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235441
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Anatomy Chap 1
Updated:
2013-09-17 19:04:27
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Anatomy Chap
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Anatomy Chapter 1 Body Orientation Review
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  1. Tissue
    Groups of cells that have a common function.
  2. Cardiovascular System primary organs
    Heart and Blood vessels
  3. Skeletal System
    System that functions in the storage of minerals, such as calcium.
  4. Digestive System
    Systems that rids the body of indigestible food residue in feces.
  5. Urinary System
    System that removes the nitrogen-containing metabolic waste in urine.
  6. Sensory Receptor
    Component of a control system that provides the means for the control center's response (output).
  7. Homeostasis
    Body's ability to maintain stable internal conditions.
  8. Navel
    Is medial to the spine.
  9. Median section
    Divides the body into equal left and right halves.
  10. Name a positive feedback mechanism
    Blood clotting and the birth of a baby.
  11. Physiology
    The study of the function of the body and it's parts.
  12. Structural organization of body, simple to complex
    atoms,cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism.
  13. Hematopoiesis
    Blood cell formation, is a function of the skeletal system.
  14. Integumentary System
    System that covers external surface of the body and protects deeper tissue like, skin, nails, hair.
  15. Life functions
    Maintain boundaries, movement, responsiveness, metabolism.
  16. Elements in a control system in correct order
    stimulus, receptor, afferent pathway, control center, efferent pathway, effector, response.
  17. Difference between afferent and afferent pathways
    Afferent are pathways leading to the cortex (sensory), efferent are pathways leading away (motor).  You are affected by a situation, you are effect change on someone else.
  18. Receptor
    Element of a control system detects change.
  19. Positive feedback systems
    Operate in such a way that the initial stimulus is enhanced and increases.
  20. Abdominopelvic body cavity
    Can be subdivided into four quadrant and 9 regions.
  21. Organs in the Thoracic body cavity
    Lungs and heart.
  22. Organs in the dorsal body cavity
    Brain and spinal
  23. Medial/sagittal plane
    Section that divides the body on the longitudinal plane into two equal right and left parts.
  24. Transverse plane
    Divides the Thoracic from the Abdominalpelvic cavity.
  25. Atom
    Lowest level of structural organization
  26. Homeostatic control mechanisms
    are mostly negative feedback reactions like, sweat to lower body temp,secrete more insulin to lower bld sugar level.
  27. Percentage of H2O in body
    60% - 80%.
  28. Hypogastric region
    Directly inferior to umbilical region.
  29. Superior
    Towards head end or upper part of structure or body; above.
  30. Dorsal
    Toward the backside of the body; behind (posterior).
  31. Lateral
    Away from the midline of the body on the outside.
  32. Deep
    Away from the body surface; internal.
  33. Distal
    Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
  34. Medial
    Toward or at the midline of the body, on the inner side.
  35. Superficial
    Toward or at the body surface.
  36. Proximal
    Close to the origin of the body part or point of attachment to a limb to the body trunk.
  37. Ventral
    Toward or at the front of the body; in front of (anterior).
  38. Anatomy
    Anatomy (a-NAT-ō-mē; ana- = up; -tomy = process of cutting) is the science of structure and the relationships among structures.
  39. Physiology
    Physiology (fiz′-ē-OL-ō-jē; physio- = nature, -logy = study of) is the science of body functions, that is, how the body parts work.

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