Ch. 3 Terms - Pathophysiology for the Health Professions

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Ch. 3 Terms - Pathophysiology for the Health Professions
2013-09-17 22:29:22
Terms Pathophysiology Health Professions

Ch. 3 Terms - Pathophysiology for the Health Professions
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  1. Antibiotic
    Substance derived from microorganisms that is used to treat infections.
  2. Antimicrobial
    An agent that kills or inhibits growth and reproduction of microorganisms.
  3. Antiviral
    Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections.
  4. Autoantibodies
    Antibodies formed against self-antibodies.
  5. Bronchoconstriction
    Contraction of the bronchiolar smooth muscle and narrowing of the airway.
  6. Colostrum
    Colostrum is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands of mammals in late pregnancy. Colostrum contains antibodies to protect the newborn against disease, as well as being lower in fat and higher in protein than ordinary milk.
  7. Complement
    A system that is activated during an immune reaction with IgG or IgM class immunoglobins.
  8. Cytoxic
    Substance that damages or destroys cells.
  9. Encephalopathy
    Impaired function of the brain
  10. Erythema
    Redness and inflammation of the skin or mucosa due to vasodilation.
  11. Fetus
    Human child between 8 weeks and birth.
  12. Glycoprotein
    Combination of a protein and a carbohydrate.  Found in antigens.
  13. Hypogammaglobulinemia
    Low antibody levels because of a B-cell defect.
  14. Hypoproteinemia
    Low serum protein level.
  15. Mast cells
    A mast cell is a resident cell of several types of tissues and contains many granules rich in histamineand heparin.  Connective tissue cells that are present in large numbers in the mucosa of the respiratory and digestive tracts.
  16. Monocytes
    Monocytes are a type of white blood cell and are part of the innate immune system.
  17. Mononuclear phagocytic system
    Part of the immune system that consists of the phagocytic cells located in reticular connective tissue.
  18. Mutate
    A change in the genetic makeup of a cell (DNA), which will be inherited.
  19. Opportunistic
    A microorganism, normally nonpathogenic, that causes an infectious disease when the person's resistance is reduced, microbial balance is upset, or the microbe is transferred to another part of the body.
  20. Placenta
    The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply.
  21. Polymerase chain reaction
    Amplify a single or a few copies of a piece of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.
  22. Prophylactic
    Measure or drug to prevent disease.
  23. Pruritic
  24. Replication
    The process in which an entity (a cell, virus, program, etc.) makes a copy of itself
  25. Retrovirus
    Any of a group of viruses that, unlike most other viruses and all cellular organisms, carry their genetic blueprint in the form of ribonucleic acid (RNA). Retroviruses are responsible for certain cancers and slow virus infections of animals and cause at least one type of human cancer. They have also been identified as the cause of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans, and they have been linked to one form of human hepatitis.
  26. Splenectomy
    Removal of the spleen
  27. Stem cells
    Incompletely differentiated cells that are held in reserve in the bone marrow.  They travel to the thymus for differentiation and development of cell membrane receptors.
  28. Thymus
    The thymus is a specialized organ of the immune system.
  29. Titer
    A measure of specific antibodies
  30. Vesicles