Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1

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Karuko
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235481
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Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
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2013-10-09 00:00:30
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Anatomy Physiology
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Terms/Questions from Unit 1
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  1. What is anatomy?
    The study of the body's structures
  2. What is physiology?
    The study of the body's functions
  3. List these in order: Organelles, tissue, cells, organisms, organ systems, macromolecules, organs
    Macromolecules, organelles, cells, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
  4. What does the Integumentary system do?
    External body covering, protects, synthesizes vitamin D
  5. What does the Skeletal system do?
    Protects, supports, framework for muscles, where blood cells are made
  6. What does the Muscular system do?
    Produces heat, posture,  facial expression
  7. What does the Nervous system do?
    Fast acting control system, responds to changes
  8. What does the Endocrine system do?
    Glands secrete hormones
  9. What does the Lymphatic/Immune system do?
    Picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels, disposes of debris, houses white blood cells, attacks foreign substances
  10. What does the Respiratory system do?
    Keeps blood supplied w/ oxygen, removes CO2
  11. What does the Digestive system do?
    Breaks down food
  12. What does the Excretory/Urinary system do?
    Eliminates mitrogenous waste, regulates water and electrolyte
  13. What does the Reproductive system do?
    Produces offspring, produces sperm and egg
  14. What is Anatomical Position?
    Visual reference point. Person stands erect, feet together, eyes forward, palms facing forward, thumbs pointed away from the body
  15. What is the Axial region?
    The main axis of the body
  16. What is the Appendicular region?
    The limbs
  17. What is Superior and Inferior?
    • Superior: above
    • Inferior: below
  18. What is Medial and Lateral?
    • Medial: close to the body
    • Lateral: away from the body
  19. What is Proximal and Distal?
    • Proximal: closer to point of attachment (limbs)
    • Distal: farther from point of attachment (limbs)
  20. What is Superficial and Deep?
    • Superficial: surface
    • Deep: deeper
  21. What is the Coronal (frontal) plane?
    Lies vertically and divides the body into anterior and posterior
  22. What is the Median (Sagittal) plane?
    Lies vertically in the middle and cuts body into right and left sides
  23. What is the Transverse plane?
    Runs horizontally and divides the body into superior and inferior parts
  24. What 2 cavities is the dorsal/posterior cavity divided into?
    The cranial cavity (holds the brain) and the vertebral cavity (holds the spinal cord)
  25. What 3 parts is the Thoracic cavity divided into?
    The pleural, the mediastinum, and the pericardial
  26. What are the Abdominal regions?
    • R hypochondriac   Epigastric    L hypocondriac
    • R lumbar             Umbilical     L lumbar
    • R iliac                 hypogastric  L iliac
  27. What are the quadrants? Which one is the stomach located in?
    • Right upper, right lower, left upper, left lower.
    • It is the the left upper quadrant
  28. What is homeostasis?
    the ability to maintain a stable internal environment in a changing outside world
  29. What is negative feedback?
    The PRIMARY homeostasis mechanism that keeps the variable close to a particular value (backwards)
  30. What is positive feedback?
    Moves the system in the same direction (forwards)
  31. What does the Parietal serosa do?
    A) lines the body walls
    B)separates the seosa
    C)covers organs
    A) lines the body walls
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. What does Serous Fluid do?
    A) lines the body walls
    B)separates the seosa
    C)covers organs
    B) separates the seosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. What does the Viseral serosa?
    A) lines the body walls
    B)separates the seosa
    C)covers organs
    C) covers organs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. What is an acute disease?
    • A disease that happens suddenly, lasts a short time.
    • ex: heart attack
  35. What is a chronic disease?
    A disease that develops slowly, lasts long term, less severe
  36. Cephalic
    Head
  37. Frontal
    Forehead
  38. Orbital
    Eye
  39. Buccal
    Cheek
  40. Mental
    Chin
  41. Pectoral
    Chest
  42. Umbilical
    Navel
  43. Coxal
    Hip
  44. Pedal
    Foot
  45. Otic
    Ear
  46. Nasal
    Nose
  47. Oral
    Mouth
  48. Cervical
    Neck
  49. Acromial
    Point of shoulder
  50. Axillary
    Armpit
  51. Mammary
    Breast
  52. Brachial
    Arm
  53. Antecubital
    Front of elbow
  54. Antibrachial
    Forearm
  55. Carpal
    Wrist
  56. Palmer
    Palm
  57. Didgital
    Finger
  58. Patellar
    Front of Knee
  59. Cural
    Leg
  60. Taral
    Instep
  61. Occipital
    Back of head
  62. Acromial
    Point of shoulder
  63. Vertebral
    Spinal column
  64. Cubital
    Elbow
  65. Dorsal
    Back
  66. Lumbar
    Lower back
  67. Sacral
    Between hips
  68. Glutenal
    Buttocks
  69. Femoral
    Thigh
  70. Popliteal
    Back of knee
  71. Plantar
    Sole

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