A&P

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Author:
jamgirl
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235486
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A&P
Updated:
2013-09-17 22:21:23
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Anatomy Physiology
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Description:
Chapter 1 Anatomical position, medical terminology
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  1. The study of the structure of individual cells is called
    cytology
  2. The study of the general form and superficial markings of an organism is called ________ anatomy
    surface
  3. The study of all of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body is called ________ anatomy.
    regional
  4. The study of early developmental processes is termed
    embryology
  5. The study of the function of specific organ systems is called
    system physiology
  6. The branch of physiology that deals with changes in function resulting from disease is called
    pathological physiology.
  7. Arrange the following list of levels of organization from the smallest level to the largest level.

    4, 2, 1, 3, 6, 5
  8. Support, protection of soft tissue, mineral storage, and blood formation are functions of the ________ system.
    skeletal
  9. Locomotion and heat production are the functions of the ________ system
    muscular
  10. The internal transport of cells and dissolved substances is the function of the ________ system.
    cardiovascular
  11. The kidneys and urinary bladder are organs of the ________ system.
    urinary
  12. The pituitary gland and thyroid gland are organs of the ________ system.
    endocrine
  13. Defense against infection and disease is the function of the ________ system.
    lymphatic
  14. Lungs are to the respiratory system as the spleen is to which ________ systems.
    both lymphatic and cardiovascular
  15. A person facing forward with hands at the sides and palms facing forward is in the
    anatomical position.
  16. Which of the following terms refers to the front or chest and abdominal regions of the body?

    A)anterior
    B)posterior
    C)dorsal
    D)ventral
    E)both anterior and ventral
    E
  17. Which of the following structures is lateral to the eyes?
    nose
    mouth
    ears
    chin
    both nose and ears
    ears
  18. The wrist is ________ to the elbow.
    distal
  19. The chest is ________ to the umbilicus.
    superior
  20. Which of the following regions corresponds to the lower back?

    pelvic
    cephalic
    gluteal
    lumbar
    thoracic
    lumbar
  21. Which of the following regions corresponds to the upper arm?
    brachial
  22. A cut that passes parallel through the long axis of the body and divides
    the body into equal left and right halves is known as a
    midsagittal section.
  23. The muscle known as the diaphragm separates the ________ from the ________.
    thoracic cavity; abdominopelvic cavity
  24. The thoracic cavity contains the
    both pericardial cavity and pleural cavities
  25. he serous membrane covering the stomach and most of the intestines is called the
    peritoneum.
  26. Mary, who is 6 months pregnant, goes to her physician for a test to
    check the development of her fetus. The physician uses a device that
    emits sound waves to produce an image of the fetus. This technique is
    known as
    ultrasound.
  27. The diaphragm divides the ventral body cavity into a superior ________ cavity and an inferior ________ cavity.
    thoracic; abdominopelvic
  28. Anatomy is to ________ as physiology is to ________.
    structure; function
  29. The four quadrants of the abdominopelvic region include
    right upper quadrant (RUQ).
    right lower quadrant (RLQ).
    left upper quadrant (LUQ).
    left lower quadrant (LLQ).
    all of these.
    all of these.
  30. Which of the following is not considered one of the nine (9) abdominopelvic regions?

    right hypochondriac
    right inguinal region
    left lumbar
    left hypochondriac
    right upper
    right upper
  31. Identify an organ located within the pleural cavity.

    heart
    small intestine
    lung
    spleen
    stomach
    lung
  32. A person is lying on the bed gazing at the ceiling. She is in the ________ position.

    prone
    supine
    posterior
    dorsal
    caudal
    supine
  33. The right pleural cavity surrounds the

    heart.
    trachea.
    left lung.
    right lung.
    digestive organs.
    right lung.
  34. Visceral pericardium is located

    on the heart itself.
    lining the pleural cavity.
    lining the pericardial cavity.
    on the lung itself.
    lining the spinal cavity.
    on the heart itself
  35. The mediastinum
    separates the pleural cavities and contains the pericardial cavity
  36. Identify the correctly spelled term describing the organ that separates
    the ventral body cavity into superior (thoracic) and inferior
    (abdominopelvic) cavities.
    mediastinum
    meadiastinum
    diaphragm
    diafragm
    diaphram
    diaphragm
  37. Two major body cavities are the
    superior and inferior.
    inferior and dorsal.
    dorsal and ventral.
    ventral and inferior.
    superior and dorsal.
    dorsal and ventral.
  38. The spleen would be found in the ________ quadrant, while the appendix would be found in the ________ quadrant.
    left upper; right lower

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