terminology test 4

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alicia0309
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235519
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terminology test 4
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2013-09-18 00:10:32
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nursing 101 week
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terminology test 4
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  1. angina
    mild to severe suffocating pain that typically happens in the chest and is caused by an inadequate blood flow to the myocardium
  2. arrhythmias
    Irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart
  3. bruit
    soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, associated valvular action or with the movement of blood as it passes an obstruction or both
  4. soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, associated valvular action or with the movement of blood as it passes an obstruction or both
    Murmur
    bruit
  5. Irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart
    Dysrhythmia
    arrhythmia
  6. Deep Vein Thrombosis
    Blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body, especially those in the legs or thighs
  7. hypertension
    HTN
    Elevated blood pressure persistently higher than 140/90.
  8. embolism
    condition in which a mass (commonly a blood clot) becomes lodged in a blood vessel, obstructing the blood flow
  9. hyperlipidemia
    excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides) in the blood.
  10. infarction
    Localized tissue necrosis due to the cessation of blood supply.
  11. ischemia
    local, temporary deficiency of blood supply to an organ or tissue do to circulatory obstruction
  12. palpitation
    Sensation of irregular heart beat, commonly described as pounding, racing, skipping a beat or a flutter
  13. stent placement`
    a placement of a mesh tube inserted into the natural passage or conduit in the body to prevent or counteract a disease induced, localized flow constriction.
  14. thrombus
    blood clot
  15. autonomic nervous system
    ANS
    Potion of the nervous system that regulates involuntary actions, such as heart rate, digestion, and peristalsis
  16. leaflet
    Flat, leaf shaped structure that comprises the valves of the heart and prevents backflow of the blood.
  17. lumen
    Tubular space or channel within an organ or structure of the body, space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube.
  18. regurgitation
    Backflow or ejecting of contents through an opening
  19. sphincter
    Circular muscle found in a tubular structure or hollow organ that constricts or dilates to regulate passage of substances through its  openings
  20. vasoconstriction
    Narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel that limits blood flow, usually as a result of diseases, medications, or physiological processes
  21. vasodilation
    Widening of the lumen of the blood vessel caused by the relaxing of the muscles of the vascular walls
  22. viscosity
    state of being sticky or gummy
  23. aneurysm/o
    widened blood vessel
  24. angi/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  25. vascul/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  26. aort/o
    aorta
  27. arteri/o
    artery
  28. arteriol/o
    arteriole
  29. arti/o
    atrium
  30. ather/o
    fatty plaque
  31. cardi/o
    heart
  32. coron/o
    heart
  33. electr/o
    electricity
  34. embol.o
    • embolus
    • (plug)
  35. hemangi/o
    blood vessel
  36. my/o
    muscle
  37. phleb/o
    vein
  38. ven/o
    vein
  39. scler/o
    • hardening
    • sclera (white of eye)
  40. sept/o
    septum
  41. sphygm/o
    pulse
  42. sten/o
    • narrowing
    • stricture
  43. thromb/o
    blood clot
  44. valv/o
    valve
  45. valvul/o
    valve
  46. vas/o
    • vessel
    • vas deferens
    • duct
  47. ventricul/o
    ventricle (of the heart or brain)
  48. -cardia
    heart condition
  49. -gram
    • record
    • writing
  50. -graph
    instrument for recording
  51. -graphy
    process of recording
  52. -stenosis
    • narrowing
    • stricture
  53. brady-
    slow
  54. endo-
    • in
    • within
  55. extra-
    outside
  56. peri-
    around
  57. trans-
    across
  58. cardiac catheterization
    Passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart.
  59. electrocardiography
    procedure that graphically records the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the heart using small metal electrodes applied to the chest, arms and legs
  60. Holter Monitor
    ECG taken with a small, portable recording system capable of storing up to 48 hours of ECG tracings, also called event monitor
  61. Stress Test
    ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions (bicycle or treadmill)
  62. Cardiac Enzyme Studies
    Blood test that measures the presence and amount of cardiac enzymes in the blood, including troponin T, troponin I, and creatine kinase
  63. Coronary Angiography
    Radiographic image (angiogram) of the inside of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium, also called arteriography.
  64. Lipid Panel
    Series of blood tests (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides) used to assess risk factors of ischemic heart disease.
  65. echocardiography
    Ultrasonography that is used to visualize cardiac structures, produce images of the heart, and asses cardiac output
  66. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    Noninvasive technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce highly detailed, multiplanar cross-section views of soft tissues
  67. CABG
    Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
  68. DVT
    • Deep Vein Thrombosis
    • Deep Venous Thrombosis
  69. MI
    Myocardial Infarction
  70. CAD
    Coronary Artery Disease

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