Community Policing Ch 4
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How does problem solving require a change in the way police treat incidents?
Problem-solving policing requires police to group incidents and identify the underlying causes of problems In the community
How does the magnet phenomenon occur?
- The magnet phenomenon occurs when a phone number or address is associated with a crime simply because It was a convenient number ir address to use
- (Eg a liquor store by a high school)
How do efficiency and effectiveness differ? Which one does community policing emphasize?
- Efficiency (doing things right) has been the traditional emphasis in law enforcement.
- Effectiveness (doing the right things) is the emphasis in community policing
Effectiveness should increase efficiency, because officers are proactively solving problems rather than simply reacting to them
What is the first step in the problem solving approach?
The first step is group incidents as problems
What are the four stages of problem solving used in the SARA model
Scanning, analysis, response, and assessment
What are the three areas problem analysis considers?
Problem analysis considers the )individual involved 2)the incidents 3) the responses
What is the purpose and goal of the DOC model?
The DOC model (Dilemmas-options-consequences) challenges officers to carefully consider their decisions and the short and long term consequences of those decisions. The goal is to fuse problem solving and morality.
What is Crime-specific planning?
Crime-specific planning uses the principal of problem solving to focus on Identified crime problems
What is the focus of crime mapping?
Crime mapping changes the focus from the criminal to the location of the crime -hot spot where the crimes occur
Vocab: problem-solving approach
Involves proactively identifying problems and making decisions about how to deal with them.
Vocab: problem-oriented policing (POP)
A department-wide strategy aimed at solving persistent community problems by grouping incidents problems and to determine possible underlying causes
An isolated event that requires a police response; the primary work unit in the professional model.
Minimizing waste, expense, or unnecessary effort; results in a high ratio of output to input; doing things right.
Vocab: Magnet phenomenon
Occurs when a phone number or address is associated with a crime simply because it was a convenient number or address to use
Vocab: scanning (in SARA)
Refers to identifying recurring problems and prioritizing them to select one problem to address.
Vocab: analysis (in SARA)
Examines the identified problem's causes, scope, and effects; includes determining how often the problem occurs and how long it has been occurring, as well as conditions that appear to create the problem
Vocab: response (in SARA)
Acting to alleviate the problem, that is, selecting the alternative solution or solutions.
VOCAB: Assessment (in SARA)
Refers to evaluating how effective the intervention was; was the problem solved?
Vocab: qualitative data
Examine the excellence (quality) of the response, that is, how satisfied were the officers and the citizens; most frequently determined by surveys, focus groups, or tracking complaints and compliments.
Vocab: Quantitative Data
Examine the amount of change (quantity) as a result if the response; most frequently measured by before-and-after data.
Vocab: Process evaluation
Determines if the response was implemented as planned.
Vocab: impact evaluation
Determines If the problem declined
Vocab: DOC model
Dilemmas-Options-Consequences.... challenges officers to carefully consider their decisions and the short and long term consequences of those decisions, with the goal of fusing problem solving and morality.
The intervention of a third party into an interpersonal dispute, where the third party helps disputants reach a resolution; often termed alternative dispute resolution (ADR)
VOCAB: Crime-specific planning
Uses the principal of problem solving to focus on identified crime problems.
VOCAB: Hot Spots
Areas where incidents of crime and disorder tend to cluster in close proximity to one another.
Vocab: Geographic information system (GIS)
Creating, updating, and analyzing computerized maps.
Vocab: routine activity theory
Principal of environmental criminology that states crime occurs at the intersection of a motivated offender, a suitable target, and an absent or ineffective guardian.
Vocab: geographic profiling
A Crime-mapping techniques that the location of past crimes and, and using a complex mathematical algorithms, calculates probabilities of a suspect's residence.
Vocab: least-effort principle
Concept proposing that criminals tend to commit acts or crimes within a comfort zone located near, but not too close to their residence
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