Bio 180 test 1

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mattchitown
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235538
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Bio 180 test 1
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2013-09-18 05:33:11
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Bio test 1
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  1. what forms the working surface of the skin
    epithelial tissue
  2. generally exist as one layer (simple) or more (stratified)
    Epithelial tissue
  3. are connected together by one or ore of: adhesive glycoproteins, desomsomes, gap junctions, and circumferential bands
    Epithelial cells
  4. this surface tissue functions in filtration, diffusion, secretion, and absorption
    simple epithelium
  5. are generally secretory cells and make up glands throughout the body
    simple cuboidal epithelia
  6. are thin, plate-like cells, function in diffusion, they line the heart and all blood vessels
    simple squamous epithelia
  7. which of the following is not considered an abdominopelvic region 
    A) left lumbar
    B) left hypochondriac
    C) upper
    D) right inguinal region
    E) right hypochondriac
    C) upper
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. the central principal of physiology is
    homeostasis
  9. The study of internal and external structures of the body and the physical relationships among body parts
    anatomy
  10. the study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
    physiology
  11. considers features that are visible without a microscope
    gross anatomy
  12. the analyzing of internal structures of individual cells
    cytology
  13. the study of tissues
    histology
  14. anatomical units with multiple functions
    organs
  15. is the existence of a stable environment within the body
    homeostasis
  16. is a corrective mechanism involving an action that directly opposes a variation from normal limits
    negative feedback
  17. an initial stimulus produces a response that exaggerates or enhances the change in the original conditions
    positive feedback
  18. internal organs that are partially or completely enclosed by cavities are
    viscera
  19. separates right and left portions with respect to the body
    sagittal plane
  20. separates superior and inferior portions of the body
    transverse or horizontal
  21. the diaphragm muscle separates the blank from the blank
    thoracic cavity; abdominopelvic cavity
  22. anatomical features that change during illness are studied in blank anatomy
    pathological
  23. the heart is blank to the lungs
    medial
  24. the organs that is located between the peritoneum and the body wall
    kidney
  25. the study of the liver is to gross anatomy as the study of a liver cell is to
    cytology
  26. which of the following organs is not contained within the abdominal cavity
    A) ovary
    B) stomach
    C) pancreas
    D) spleen
    E) small intestine
    A) Ovary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. which organ system provides support, protection of soft tissue, mineral storage, and blood formation
    skeletal
  28. identify the product formed from the phosphorylation of ADP
    adenosine triphosphate
  29. when two monosaccharides undergo a dehydration synthesis
    a disaccharide is formed
  30. during ionization, water disrupt the ionic bonds of a salt to produce a mixture of ions.  these ions can carry a current and so are called
    electrolytes
  31. a solution containing equal numbers of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions is
    neutral
  32. as each codon arrives at the active site of a ribosome, it attracts another molecule containing the anticodon and this molecule is called
    tRNA
  33. which type of connective tissue is found in the trachea and between the ribs and sternum
    hyaline cartilage
  34. cells that are specialized for secretion
    exhibit polarity
  35. the study of cells shed from epithelia surfaces, often for diagnostic purposes, is termed
    exfoliative cytology
  36. intercalated discs and pacemaker cells are characteristic of
    cardiac muscle tissue
  37. divide continually to produce new epithelial cells
    germinative cells
  38. cyanosis signifies that a patient
    has oxygen-starved skin
  39. types of skin cancers include
    squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, basal cell carcinoma
  40. which regions  corresponds to the buttocks
    pelvic
  41. a chemical substance in the body can cause the heart to stop pumping blood, which in turn will cause other tissues and organs to cease functioning.  This observation supports the view that
    all levels of organization within an organism are interdependent
  42. the right pleural cavity contains
    right lung
  43. in a molecule of nitrogen, three pairs of electrons are shared by two nitrogen atoms.  The type of bond that is formed is an example of an
    triple covalent bond
  44. interaction between individual polypeptide chains to form a protein complex is
    quaternary structure
  45. the potential difference across the cell membrane is due to the separation of
    cations and anions
  46. characteristics of epithelia include all of the following except
    A) polarity
    B) attachment
    C) avascularity
    D) regeneration
    E) extracellular matrix
    E) Extracellular matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. thin skin contains blank layers and thick skin contains blank layers
    4;5
  48. is considered the oldest medical science
    anatomy
  49. the phosphorylation of adenosine forms
    AMP
  50. renewal or modification of the cell membrane is a function of the
    golgi apparatus
  51. tissues that provide strength and support for areas subjected to stresses from many directions are
    dense irregular connective tissues
  52. skin, hair, and nails are part of what system
    integumentary
  53. the study of the function of specific organ system is called
    systemic physiology
  54. terms of anatomical direction are used to describe
    one body part in relation to another
  55. a person who is standing facing forward with hands at the sides and palms facing forward is in the
    anatomical position
  56. the right pleural cavity contains
    right lung
  57. is a structure located within the mediastinum
    pericardial cavity
  58. the pancreas produces blank secretions
    exocrine and endocrine
  59. epithelial cells exhibit modifications that adapt them for
    secretion
  60. antibodies are produced by
    plasmocytes
  61. epithelial cells that are adapted for absorption or secretion usually have blank at their free surface
    microvilli
  62. a layer of glycoproteins that prevents leakage of materials from connective tissues into epithelia is the
    lamina lucida
  63. the reduction of friction between the parietal and visceral surfaces of an internal cavity is the function of
    serous membranes
  64. unlike cartilage, bone
    is highly vascular
  65. what connective tissue cells produce collagen
    fibroblasts
  66. the dominant fiber type in dense connective tissue is
    collagen
  67. glands that secrete their product by the bursting of cells are
    holocrine glands
  68. strong intercelluar connections are called
    desmosomes
  69. watery perspiration is an example of what secretion
    merocrine
  70. functions of epithelia include all of the following except
    A) producing specialized secretions
    B) controlling permeability
    C) providing physical secretion
    D) supporting muscle cells
    E) absorption
    D) Supporting muscle cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. in a penetrating wound, blank divide to produce mobile cells that repair the dermis
    fibroblasts
  72. a surgical incision parallel to the lines of cleavage
    closes and heals with relatively little scaring
  73. the layer of the epidermis that contains abundant desmosomes is the
    stratum corneum
  74. while assessing a patient, you discover that after pinching the skin on the back of the hand, it remains peaked.  This is a sign of
    dehydration
  75. the tough "horny" superficial layer of the epidermis is known as the
    stratum corneum
  76. the layer of the skin that contains the blood vessels and nerves that are closest to the surface of the skin is the
    papillary layer
  77. the smallest units of matter
    atom
  78. the atom consists of
    protons, neutrons, and electrons
  79. the number of protons in an atom is
    atomic number
  80. is the total number of protons and neutrons in its nucleus
    mass number
  81. surrounds the nucleus
    electron cloud
  82. chemical reactions in the human body are controlled by special catalytic molecules called
    enzymes
  83. a dehydration synthesis reaction between glycerol and a single fatty acid would yield a
    monoglyceride
  84. all chemical reactions that occur in the human body are collectively referred to as
    metabolism
  85. the process by which vesicles containing solid objects such as bacteria are formed on the surface of a cell for transport into the cell is called
    phagocytosis
  86. cell membranes are said to be
    selectively permeable
  87. in a resting transmembrane potential, the inside of the cell is blank, and the cell exterior is blank
    slightly negative, slightly positive
  88. the organelle responsible for a variety of functions centering around the synthesis of lipids and carbohydrates is
    the smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  89. the construction of a functional polypeptide by using the information in an mRNA stand is
    translation
  90. our somatic cell nuclei contain how many pairs of chromosomes
    23
  91. the movement of water across a membrane from an area of low solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration is known as
    osmosis
  92. diffusion is important in body fluids because it tends to
    eliminate local concentration gradients
  93. microvilli are found
    in cells that are actively engaged in absorption
  94. if a cell lacked ribosomes, it would not be able to
    synthesize proteins
  95. when a sodium ion is moved across the cell membrane against its concentration gradient
    cellular ATP is used
  96. a molecule that blocks the ion channels in intergral proteins in the cell membrane  would interfere with
    the ability of the cell membrane to depolarize
  97. collections of specialized cells and cell products that perform a relatively limited number of functions are called
    tissues
  98. a type of junction common in cardiac and smooth muscle tissues is the
    gap junction
  99. the most abundant connections between cells in the superficial layers of the skin are
    desmosomes
  100. have an epithelium that is stratified and supported by dense connective tissue
    cutaneous
  101. mucous secretions that coat the passageways of the digestive and respiratory tracts result from
    merocrine secrection
  102. matrix is a characteristic of which type of tissue
    connective
  103. which of the following epithelia most easily permits diffusion
    simple squamous
  104. the three major types of cartilage in the body are
    hyaline, elastic, and fibrocartilage
  105. the primary function of serous membranes in the body is to
    minimize friction between opposing surfaces
  106. the type of cartilage growth characterized by adding new layers of cartilage to the surface is
    appositional growth
  107. axons, dendrites, and a cell body are characteristic of cells located in
    neural tissue
  108. the repair process necessary to restore normal function in damaged tissues is
    regeneration
  109. the two major components of the integumentary system are
    the cutaneous membrane and the accessory structures
  110. exposure of the skin to ultraviolet light
    can result in damage tot he DNA of cells in the stratum germinativum
  111. the two major components of the dermis are
    papillary layer and reticular layer
  112. the cutaneous plexus and papillary plexus consist of
    a network of arteries providing the dermal blood supply
  113. the portion of the hair follicle where cell divisions occur
    matrix
  114. the two types exocrine glands in the skin are
    sebaceous and sweat glands
  115. apocrine sweat glands can be controlled by
    the autonomic nervous system and the endocrine system

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