Bio Anthro Lab Quiz Osteology Skull

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Bio Anthro Lab Quiz Osteology Skull
2013-09-18 03:11:18
Bio Anthro Skull

skull, vertebrae
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  1. Skull
    • Between frontal bone and sphenoid bone
    • form
    • the medial wall of the eye orbits
    • the roof of the nasal cavity
    • superior portion of the nasal septum

    Ethmoid sinuses - made up of spiral shaped turbinates this is where air becomes warmed and humidified.
  2. Skull
    • Form the lateral and inferior portions of the nose, the inner most and inferior of the eye orbit and the anterior base of the cheek and houses upper teeth (alveolar margin)
    • Palatine process - roof of the mouth
  3. Skull
    Palatine bones are posterior to the palatine process of each maxilla and the form the most posterior portion of the palate.
  4. Skull
    lines in between maxilla and temporal bone creating the anterior part of each zygomatic process or cheekbone
  5. Skull
    bones that are found in the medial portion of each eye orbit between each maxilla and the ethmoid/ A small opening in the lacrimal allows the passage of tears.
  6. Skull
    Tiny bones that are inferior to the frontal bone and form the bridge of the nose
  7. Skull
    thin sheet of bone that forms the inferior nasal septum
  8. Skull
    Inferior nasal conchae
    also called the turbinate bones, found inside the nasal cavity
  9. Skull
    • lower jawbone
    • ascending ramus on each side articulates with the temporal bone at the temporomandibular joint.
    • Houses teeth is the alveolar margin
    • forward midline mental protuberance
  10. Hyoid
    • horse shoe shaped hyoid bone is not a bone of the skull. Located in the throat above the larynx. Does not articulate with any other bone.
    • Important role in speech, breathing
  11. Sutures
    Coronal suture - separates the frontal bone from the parietal bone

    Sagittal suture - along the midline of the skull separates lef and right parietals

    Lambdoial suture - separates the occipital bone from the parietal bones

    Squamosal suture - separates the temporal bone from the parietal bone
  12. The human dentition
    • firmly anchored in the alveolar region
    • four tooth types : incisors, canine, premolars, molarsĀ  2,1,2,3

    mesial/distal: toward the front of the tooth row/toward the back of the tooth row

    bucca/lingual: toward the cheek/ toward the tongue

    incisal: the bitting edge of the anterior teeth

    occlusal: the chewing surface of the premolar and molar teeth
  13. The Vertebral Column
    Cervical vertebrae
    First 7

    • Atlas - ring like structure w/ concave depressions on each transverse process where the occipital condyles articulate
    • Axis - vertical prominence called the odontoid processs
  14. Thoracic Vertebrae
    • costal demifacets, rib facets
    • two superior articulating processes
  15. Lumbar vertebrae
    Largest vertebrae spinous processes are short and square. They do not have transverse foramen or rib facets
  16. Sacrum
    • composed of 5 vertebrae fused together during adulthood.
    • Fused transverse processes - Alae
  17. Thorax
    composed of the ribs, sternum, and thoracic vertebrae. The sternum is composed of 3 bones: manubrium, sternal body, and xiphoid process
  18. Ribs
    • 12 pairs
    • articulate posteriorly w/ thoracic vertebrae and curve downward and anteriorly and connects to the sternum through cartilage.

    First 7 pairs True ribs, 3 false ribs, 2 floating ribs