Vital Signs

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seasnan
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235605
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Vital Signs
Updated:
2013-09-18 13:41:40
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vital signs
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vital signs
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  1. What are the 5 vital signs?
    • Pulse
    • Respiration
    • Temperature
    • Blood Pressure
    • Pain
  2. How often do nurses take vital signs?
    as often as the patients condition requires it
  3. What is the normal temperature range for an adult?
    36.0 - 37.5 C (97.0 - 99.5 F)
  4. What is the normal pulse rate for an adult?
    60 - 100 beats/min
  5. What is the normal pulse rate for an infant?
    80-180 beats/min
  6. What is the normal respiratory rate for an adult?
    12-20 breaths/min
  7. What is te normal respiratory rate for an infant?
    30 - 80 breaths/min
  8. what is the normal blood pressure for an adult?
    120/80
  9. What is the normal blood pressure for an infant?
    73/55
  10. What is pyrexia?
    • fever
    • temp over 37 C or 98.6 F
  11. What is an intermittent fever?
    when a pt alternates between periods of fever and normal or subnormal temps
  12. What is a remittant fever?
    when the pt alternates several degrees above 2 degrees C (3.6 F) above normal but does not reach normal
  13. What is a constant fever?
    temperature that remains consistantly elevated and flucuates less than 2 degrees C (3.6 F)
  14. What is a relapsing fever?
    A temp that returns to normal for at least a day but then the fever returns
  15. What is crisis in terms of a fever?
    when the fever returns to normal suddenly
  16. What is lysis in terms of fever?
    When the fever returns to normal gradually
  17. What is hyperpyrexia?
    a fever above 41 C (105.8 F)
  18. what is hypothermia?
    temp below 36C (97F)
  19. What are theĀ 5 sites for taking a temperature?
    list in order of temperature reading
    • forehead
    • axillary
    • oral
    • rectal
    • tympanic
  20. What are the 5 pulse amplitudes?
    • 0 - absent
    • 1+ - thready
    • 2+ - weak
    • 3+ - normal
    • 4+ - bounding
  21. What is tachycardia?
    • rapid pulse rate
    • 100 - 180 beats/ min in adults
  22. What is bradycardia?
    • Slow pulse rate
    • <80 beats/min
  23. What factors can cause tachycardia?
    • decrease in BP
    • Elevated temp
    • poor oxygenation of the blood
    • exercise
    • prolonged application of heat
    • pain
    • strong emotions
    • medications
  24. What is dysrhythmia
    an irregular pattern of heart beats
  25. What are the 9 sites for taking the pulse?
    • temporal
    • carotid
    • apical
    • brachial
    • radial
    • femoral
    • popliteal
    • posterior tibial
    • dorsalis pedis
  26. What is the pulse deficit?
    the difference between the apical and radial pulses.
  27. What are the three phases of respiration?
    • ventilation
    • diffusion
    • perfusion
  28. What is ventilation?
    the movement of air in and out of the lungs
  29. What is diffusion?
    the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the alveoli of the lungs and the circulating blood
  30. What is perfusion?
    The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the circulating blood and the tissue cells
  31. Wht is eupnea?
    normal respirations
  32. What is tachypnea?
    increased respiratory rate
  33. What factors affect respiratory rate?
    • age
    • gender
    • exercise
    • acid-base balance
    • brain lesions
    • increased altitude
    • respiratory diseases
    • anemia
    • anxiety
    • medications
    • acute pain
  34. What is bradypnea?
    decreased respiratory rate
  35. What is apnea?
    absense of breathing
  36. what is dyspnea?
    difficult or labored breathing
  37. what is orthopnea?
    breathing more easily while sitting upright
  38. What is hyperventilation?
    increased rate and depth of breaths
  39. What is hypoventilation?
    decreased rate and depth, irregular
  40. What are Cheyne-Stokes respirations?
    alternating periods of deep rapid breathing followed by periods of apnea; regular
  41. What disorders are associated with Cheyne-Stokes respirations?
    • drug overdose
    • heart failure
    • increased intracranial pressure
    • renal failure
  42. What are Biot's respirations?
    varying depth and rate of breathing followed by periods of apnea; irregular
  43. What disorders are associated with Biot's respirations?
    • meningitis
    • severe brain damage
  44. What are some factors affecting blood pressure?
    • age
    • circadian rhythm
    • gender
    • food intake
    • exercise
    • weight
    • emotional state
    • body position
    • race
    • medications
  45. What is orthostatic hypotension?
    a rapid decrease in blood pressure when moving from the siting/laying position to a standing position
  46. What are Korotkoff sounds?
    the series of sounds that you hear upon auscultation of the blood pressure

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