English vocab

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English vocab
2013-09-18 19:33:24
english vocab

English vocab
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  1. apocryphal
    • of
    • doubtful authenticity; counterfeit.  The
    • story of George Washington and the cherry tree is aprocryphal, no doubt
  2. capitulate
    • surrender; to cease resisting.  Colonel Leeds was determined not to capitulate
    • under any terms.
  3. derogatory
    • tending to lower in estimation; degrading.  After Melanie apologized for her derogatory
    • remarks, she and Sarah regained their friendship.
  4. embroil
    • to involve in a quarrel.  The Tory party sought a way to embroil
    • the government in a dispute over the economy.
  5. forlorn
    • deserted;
    • left alone and neglected; unhappy.  Old
    • pictures of Ellis Islands immigrants portray happy faces as well as forlorn
    • ones
  6. galvanize
    • arouse
    • suddenly; to startle.  It took a nuclear
    • mishaop at Chernoble to galvanize the nuclear industry into inspecting
    • aging power plants
  7. nomenclature
    • a
    • systematic naming in an art of science. 
    • The first step in learning a new topic is to master its nomenclature,
    • which is a kind of shorthand of its key concepts
  8. philander
    • to
    • engage in love affairs casually; to flirt. 
    • None of the girls on campus took Seans’s romantic attentions seriously
    • since he was known to philander
  9. pragmatic
    • practical; opinionated; concerned with actual
    • practice rather than with theory or speculation.  While other students tried to discover the
    • theory behind the problem, Denise devised a pragmatic solution.
  10. retribution
    • punishment; payback. 
    • Much of gang activity seems to be seeking retribution for real or
    • imagined disrespect.
  11. sanguine
    • ruddy;
    • helpful, warm; cheerful.  Gwen’s sanguine
    • outlook on life was expressed in her personal motto, “Cheer up, things could be
    • worse!”
  12. sardonic
    • scornful;
    • mocking, cynical.  With a sardonic
    • smirk, the police officer listened to the motorist’s excuse for speeding on the
    • residential street
  13. saturnalia
    • originally a Roman holiday (December 17); now
    • applied to an unrestrained celebration; an orgy.  The departure of the twins’ parents for the
    • weekend lead to a noisy saturnalia which brought the police knocking at
    • the door.
  14. temporize
    • to
    • compromise in order to gain time; to stall or delay.  “But Mom,” temporized Stephen, “the
    • lawn is too wet to mow now.  I’ll do it
    • this afternoon
  15. vicarious
    • taking the place of another; experienced through
    • sympathetic participation in the experience of another.  The vicarious thrill we get from
    • watching films falls short of the pleasure of first hand experience.