stress responses

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stress responses
2013-09-18 21:41:33
stress responses

stress responses
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  1. Benson's relaxation techniques
    Techniques that allow a patient to switch from the sympathetic mode of the autonomic nervous system to a state of relaxation by focusing on a pleasant mental image in a clam & peaceful environment
  2. biofeedback
    A technique for gaining control over unconscious body functions such as blood pressure and heartbeat to achieve relaxation or the relief from stress-related physical symptoms; involves the use of self-monitoring equipment.
  3. cognitive reframing
    A process of changing the individual's perceptions of stress by reassessing a situation & replacing irrational beliefs
  4. coping styles
    discrete personal attributes that people have and can develop to help manage stress
  5. distress
    "a negative, draining energy that results in anxiety, depression, confusion, helplessness, hopelessness, & fatigue"
  6. eustress
    A positive type of stress that reflects a person's confidence in the ability to successfully master given demands to tasks
  7. fight-or-flight response
    "The body's physiological response to fear or rage that triggers the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system as well as the endocrine system. This response is useful in emergencies; however, a sustained response can result I pathophysiological changes such as high blood pressure, ulcers, & cardiac problems."
  8. general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
    "The body's organized response to stress, as elucidated by Hans Selye. It progresses through 3 stages; (1) the stage of alarm. (2) the stage of resistance, & (3) the stage of exhaustion (not good)"
  9. guided imagery
    A process whereby a person is led to envision images that are both calming & health enhancing
  10. journaling
    "Keeping a diary which maybe informal or part of a treatment plan of daily events, activities, & feelings."
  11. meditation
    A discipline for training the mind to develop greater calm & then using that calm to bring penetrative insight into one's experience
  12. mindfulness
    A centuries-old form of meditation that emphasizes awareness of ourselves & our mental activity from moment to moment
  13. physical stressors
    environmental & physical conditions that elicit the stress response
  14. progressive muscle relaxation (PMR)
    a method of decreasing anxiety in which the individual tenses groups of muscles as tightly as possible for 8 seconds and then suddenly releases them
  15. psychological stressors
    "include things such as divorce, loos of job, unmanageable debt, the death of a loved one, retirement, & fear of terrorist attack, as well as changes we might consider positive, such marriage, a new baby, or unexpected success"
  16. psychoneuroimmunology
    "study of the links among stress, the immune system, & disease"
  17. stressors
    psychological or physical stimuli that are incompatible with current functioning & require adaptation