Section 1 - Computing Overview

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Author:
plankton
ID:
235732
Filename:
Section 1 - Computing Overview
Updated:
2013-11-25 15:21:34
Tags:
Comptia
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Description:
Comptia A+ 801
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  1. Modern PC repair and maintenance has been facilitated by increasing                      and                         .
    Componentization and standardization.
  2. Process of sending data to the computer
    Input
  3. Software that has been permanently placed in a hardware component
    Firmware
  4. Event of a program being loaded, retrieved, transmitted, or executed
    Processing
  5. 2 major processing components
    CPU and RAM
  6. Specialized form of input and output using media and devices to link multiple computers into an interconnected unit
    Networking
  7. Process of the computer presenting, displaying, or otherwise giving data
    Output
  8. Port commonly used for serial devices
    DB-9 serial port
  9. Port commonly used for printers
    DB-25 parallel port
  10. Port commonly used for joystick or MIDI device
    DB-15 (2 rows)
  11. Port commonly used for VGA/SVGA monitor
    DB-15 (3 rows)
  12. Port commonly used for digital monitor
    DVI port
  13. Port commonly used for PS/2-style keyboard or mouse; purple is for         and green is for           .
    6-pin mini-DIN; keyboard, mouse
  14. Port used for speaker or microphone;       is mic in,        is line in, and       is line out
    TRS; red, blue, green
  15. Port for internal modem or telephone
    RJ-11 (4 wires)
  16. Port for Ethernet network
    RJ-45 (8 wires)
  17. Port most commonly for video cameras
    FireWire 6 pin
  18. Port for many peripherals, including printers, scanners, cameras, mouse, keyboard, external drives, MP3 players
    USB
  19. Set of programs that acts as interface between applications running on computer and computer's hardware
    Operating system (OS)
  20. Name some actions performed by the operating system
    Receiving user input from hardware, sending user output to hardware, controlling the use of processing devices by applications, serving as platform for applications, moderating hardware, providing security, managing file system
  21. Part of OS that is loaded into memory when system boots up
    Kernel
  22. Part of OS responsible for controlling security, managing file system, and providing platform for applications to run
    Kernel
  23. The core of the OS, the user rarely interacts with it
    Kernel
  24. Part of OS that allows user to interact with kernel and utilities
    Interface
  25. Type of computer program that enables OS to interact with hardware
    Drivers
  26. Two types of OS interfaces
    Command line and GUI (graphical user interface)
  27. Name 2 common Windows utilities
    My Computer and Control Panel
  28. Features or programs in OS that perform system-related tasks
    Utilities
  29. Subclass computer program designed for end users
    Applications

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