Geography

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Author:
8thgradeclass
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235746
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Geography
Updated:
2013-09-18 23:53:18
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unit one test
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  1. Too many people compared to resources
    overpopulation
  2. The variety of forms of life in an area
    biodiversity
  3. The study of how humans and the enviroment interact
    enviromental science
  4. The equator is __ degrees of ___
    0; lattitude
  5. Lines of longitude is also caleed ___
    meridians
  6. The international Date line is ___ degrees of ____
    180; longitude
  7. Distortion is especially severe on ____ maps
    small-scale
  8. A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geographic date is ____
    GIS
  9. This explains symbols and use of color on a map
    map legend
  10. What are the cardinal directions?
    North south East and West
  11. What are the intermediate directiosn?
    NE NW SE SW
  12. Tells you the relationship between the distance on the map and the true distance on the surface of the earth
    map scale
  13. Shows a large are with small details; it is good for relative locations
    small-scale map
  14. Shows a small area with large details; it is good for detailed looks at small areas
    large-scale maps
  15. Helps you see the types of landforms and bodies of water found in a specific area; shows physical features using shading, relief, or different colors.
    physical maps
  16. Shows political features such as national boundaries and borders; changes over time as political boarders change
    political maps
  17. This type of general reference map is a representation of natural and man-made features on Earth.
    Topographic map
  18. Shows how the population of areas is spread out
    population distribution
  19. Tells how many peopleare concentrated inone square mile or square kilometer of an area
    population density
  20. Designed to show a specific type of information such as religions and languages
    special purpose maps
  21. A particular space with physical and human meaning
    place
  22. Areas that share a unifying factor such as physical features, languages, and culture
    region
  23. An area united by a specific factor
    formal region
  24. A central place and surrounding are linked to it like a highway system
    functional region
  25. The highest point on earth
    Mt.Everest
  26. The lowest point on dry land earth
    Dead Sea
  27. Lowest point on the planet
    Mariana Trench
  28. According to fossil evidence scientist believe that the continents of the earth drift and move from place to place over long periods of time
    Continental Drift  (Plate Tectonics)
  29. moving plates hit each other along tectonic boundaries
    tectonic activity
  30. Three types of tectonic boundaries
    convergent, divergent, transverse
  31. When two plates collide together usually forming mountains
    convergent
  32. When two plates pull apart
    Divergent
  33. When two plates slide by each other
    transvers
  34. The process of breaking down of rocks, soils, and their minerals through direct or indirect contact with the atmosphere
    weathering
  35. Occurs when weathered materials is moved by the action of wind, water, ice, or gravity
    erosion
  36. How much of the Earth is covered with water? How much of it is fresh water?
    3/4 ; 3%
  37. The condition of the air at any given time
    weather
  38. The average conditions over an extended period of time
    Climate
  39. The earth is tilted ___ degrees on its axis
    23.5
  40. What causes the seasons?
    Earth's tilt and rotation
  41. Areas near the equator is called _____
    tropics
  42. Name the two tropics. Name the two circles.
    Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer; Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle
  43. It is the process by which gases trap heat close to Earth's surface and prevent it from escaping into space.Caused by excess CO2 in the atmosphere.
    Greenhouse Effect
  44. Prevailing winds blow over water and are forced up mountains, the higher elevations cool the air causing condensation and precipitation, the air is then dry when reaching the other side and causes a rain shadow desert.
    Orographic Effect
  45. The increase in the worlds population
    population growth
  46. How fast the population of a country is growing
    growth rate
  47. How many people are born in a country each year
    brithrate
  48. How many people die in a country each year
    death rate
  49. When population grows at such a rate that resources can keep up
    Natural Increase
  50. How long it takes for the population of a region to double
    doubling time
  51. ____ countries have a higher standard of living.
    Developed
  52. The way of life of a group of people. To take care of something and to care about something.
    Culture
  53. Types of government
    Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
  54. Things are done the way they have always been done
    traditional economy
  55. Producers and consumers decide what is made
    Market Economy (Capitalism)
  56. The balance between what is available and what people want. It is a blending of different economic systems.
    Supply and Demand
  57. The government decides what is produced
    Socialism and Communism
  58. What is the difference between Socialism and Communism?
    • Socialism: everything is jointly owned by everyone
    • Communism: The government owns everything. There is no private property
  59. What nations have to produce the thibgs they need
    resources
  60. Resources that come from the earth
    natural resources
  61. Natural resources we can get more of
    renewable
  62. Natural resources we can not get more of
    non-renewable
  63. The ability to start a new business
    entrepreneurial ability
  64. A place of great cultural significance to a particular are. It is an area where culture traits are developed and the origin of specific diffused traits.
    Culture Hearth
  65. The spreading of culture from one area to another
    diffusion
  66. forms of diffusion
    Hierarchical, stimulus or contagious
  67. A form of expansion diffusion in which an innovation (or other phenomenon) spreads over space from large places progressively smaller ones
    hierarchical
  68. Diffusion in which one people receives a culture element form another but gives it a new and unique form
    stimulus
  69. The historic diffusion of HIV/AIDS in the United States is an example of _________
    Contagious Diffusion
  70. Great changes in the way that people work and communicate that have influences the worlds
    Industrial and Information Revolutions
  71. Economic development through international trade is an example of ________
    relocation diffusion

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