The study of how humans and the enviroment interact
The equator is __ degrees of ___
Lines of longitude is also caleed ___
The international Date line is ___ degrees of ____
Distortion is especially severe on ____ maps
A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geographic date is ____
This explains symbols and use of color on a map
What are the cardinal directions?
North south East and West
What are the intermediate directiosn?
NE NW SE SW
Tells you the relationship between the distance on the map and the true distance on the surface of the earth
Shows a large are with small details; it is good for relative locations
Shows a small area with large details; it is good for detailed looks at small areas
Helps you see the types of landforms and bodies of water found in a specific area; shows physical features using shading, relief, or different colors.
Shows political features such as national boundaries and borders; changes over time as political boarders change
This type of general reference map is a representation of natural and man-made features on Earth.
Shows how the population of areas is spread out
Tells how many peopleare concentrated inone square mile or square kilometer of an area
Designed to show a specific type of information such as religions and languages
special purpose maps
A particular space with physical and human meaning
Areas that share a unifying factor such as physical features, languages, and culture
An area united by a specific factor
A central place and surrounding are linked to it like a highway system
The highest point on earth
The lowest point on dry land earth
Lowest point on the planet
According to fossil evidence scientist believe that the continents of the earth drift and move from place to place over long periods of time
Continental Drift (Plate Tectonics)
moving plates hit each other along tectonic boundaries
Three types of tectonic boundaries
convergent, divergent, transverse
When two plates collide together usually forming mountains
When two plates pull apart
When two plates slide by each other
The process of breaking down of rocks, soils, and their minerals through direct or indirect contact with the atmosphere
Occurs when weathered materials is moved by the action of wind, water, ice, or gravity
How much of the Earth is covered with water? How much of it is fresh water?
3/4 ; 3%
The condition of the air at any given time
The average conditions over an extended period of time
The earth is tilted ___ degrees on its axis
What causes the seasons?
Earth's tilt and rotation
Areas near the equator is called _____
Name the two tropics. Name the two circles.
Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer; Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle
It is the process by which gases trap heat close to Earth's surface and prevent it from escaping into space.Caused by excess CO2 in the atmosphere.
Prevailing winds blow over water and are forced up mountains, the higher elevations cool the air causing condensation and precipitation, the air is then dry when reaching the other side and causes a rain shadow desert.
The increase in the worlds population
How fast the population of a country is growing
How many people are born in a country each year
How many people die in a country each year
When population grows at such a rate that resources can keep up
How long it takes for the population of a region to double
____ countries have a higher standard of living.
The way of life of a group of people. To take care of something and to care about something.
Types of government
Autocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy
Things are done the way they have always been done
Producers and consumers decide what is made
Market Economy (Capitalism)
The balance between what is available and what people want. It is a blending of different economic systems.
Supply and Demand
The government decides what is produced
Socialism and Communism
What is the difference between Socialism and Communism?
Socialism: everything is jointly owned by everyone
Communism: The government owns everything. There is no private property
What nations have to produce the thibgs they need
Resources that come from the earth
Natural resources we can get more of
Natural resources we can not get more of
The ability to start a new business
A place of great cultural significance to a particular are. It is an area where culture traits are developed and the origin of specific diffused traits.
The spreading of culture from one area to another
forms of diffusion
Hierarchical, stimulus or contagious
A form of expansion diffusion in which an innovation (or other phenomenon) spreads over space from large places progressively smaller ones
Diffusion in which one people receives a culture element form another but gives it a new and unique form
The historic diffusion of HIV/AIDS in the United States is an example of _________
Great changes in the way that people work and communicate that have influences the worlds
Industrial and Information Revolutions
Economic development through international trade is an example of ________