(Chap 1) The genus name of a bacterium is “erwinia,” and the specific epithet is “amylovora.” Write the scientific name of this organism correctly. Using this name as an example, explain how scientific names are chosen.
Erwinia amylovora is the correct way to write this scientific name. Scientific names can be derived from the names of scientists. In this case, Erwinia is derived from Erwin F. Smith, an American plant pathologist. Scientific names also can describe the organism, its habitat, or its niche. E. amylovora is a pathogen of plants (amylo- 5 starch; vora 5 eat).