Anatomy test chapter 1

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tanayelly1
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235760
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Anatomy test chapter 1
Updated:
2013-09-20 18:39:44
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study introduction to the human body
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  1. Metabolism
    is the sum of all the chemical process that occurs in the body
  2. includes motion of the whole body, individual organs single cell, and even tiny structures inside cells
    movement
  3. is an increased in body size that results from an increase in the size of existing cells or increase in number of cells or both
    Growth
  4. is the development of a cell from unspecialized to a specialized state
            (such precursor cells which can divided and give rise to cells that undergo differentiation are know as stem cells)
    Differentiation
  5. refers either to the formation of new cells for tissue growth repair or replacement or the production of a new individual
    Reproduction
  6. is the body ability to detect and respond to changes
              (temperature, turning head to a noise)
    Responsiveness
  7. Basic life process
    • 1. Metabolism
    • 2. Responsiveness
    • 3. Movement
    • 4. Growth
    • 5. Differentiation
    • 6. Reproduction
  8. the building up of complex chemical substances from smaller simpler components
         (a raising up)
    Anabolism
  9. the break down of complex chemical substances into simpler components
             (throwing down )
    Catabolism
  10. is the equation of equilibrium (balance) in the body's internal environment due to the constant interaction of the body's many regulatory process
    Homeostasis
  11. dilute watery solution containing dissolved chemicals that are found inside cells as well as surrounding them.
    body fluids
  12. fluid within cells
    • intercellular fluid
    •      (intra = inside)
    •             (ICF)
  13. the fluid outside the cell
    • extracellular fluid
    •     (extra= exit = outside)
    •              (ECG)
  14. the ECF that fills the narrow spaces between cells of tissues
    • interstitial fluid
    •     (inter= between)
  15. ECF within blood vessels
    blood plasma
  16. ECF within lymphatic vessels
    lymph
  17. ECF within and around the brain an spinal cord
    cerebrospinal fluid
  18. ECF in joins
    synovial fluid
  19. ECF of eyes
    aqueous humor and vitreous body
  20. feedback system
    • receptor
    • control center
    • effector
  21. planes
    imaginary flat surfaces that pass through the body parts.
  22. vertical plane divides organ into right and left
    Sagittal Plane
  23. equal right and left
    midsagittal plane or medial
  24. unequal right and left
    • parasagittal plane
    •     ( para=near)
  25. front and back plane
    frontal or coronal plane
  26. anterior
    front
  27. posterior
    • back portion
    •     (post = past )
  28. divides the body into upper and lower sections
    transverse , cross sectional, horizontal plane
  29. superior
    upper
  30. inferior
    lower
  31. passes the body at any other angle other then 90 degrees
    oblique plane
  32. body cavity
    spaces within the body that help protect, separate and support internal organs.
  33. cranial bones that form a hallow space that contains the brain
    cranial cavity
  34. cavity that contains the spinal cord
    vertebral
  35. the chest cavity (ribs , chest and, sternum(breast bone )
    thoracic cavity
  36. contain the stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, small intestine, and most of large intestine,
    abdominal cavity
  37. contains urinary bladder portions of large intestine and internal reproductive organs
    pelvic cavity
  38. right hypochondriac
    #1 right upper region
  39. epigastric
    # 2 middle upper region
  40. left hypochondriac
    # 3 left upper region
  41. right lumbar
    #4 right middle section
  42. umbilical
    # 5 middle recion belly button section
  43. left lumbar
    #6 left middle region
  44. right inguinal
    # 7 right lower region
  45. hypogastric
    lower middle section (pelvic )# 8
  46. left lumbar
    left lower region # 9
  47. Parietal
    outermost outside my cup
  48. visceral
    closes to the organ inside of my cup

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