ClinMedV:Diseases of the Urinary System(Renal Dz)

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
235821
Filename:
ClinMedV:Diseases of the Urinary System(Renal Dz)
Updated:
2013-09-19 15:11:43
Tags:
vti
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Description:
vti
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  1. Dx renal dz:CBBCPPSDSRCU
    • CBC
    • Biochem
    • BUN
    • Creatine
    • Phosphorus
    • low PCV
    • low SG
    • dipstick
    • sediment
    • rad
    • contrast
    • u/s
  2. BUN and creatinine inc is noticed after how much renal function is lost?
    75%
  3. Increased phosphorus is nticed after how much renal function is lost?
    80-85%
  4. Why is there a low PCV  with renal dz?
    erythropoeitin shortage
  5. A culture is most accurate by what method?
    cystocentesis
  6. Glomerular filtrate rate is the same SG as plasma,kidney unable to concentrate or dilute urine.
    isosthenuric 1.008-1.012
  7. Tubules dilute the urine below SG of plasma
    hyposthenuric 1.008
  8. Tubules concentrate SG above plasma
    hypersthenuria 1.012
  9. Most accurate method of getting SG?
    refractometer
  10. SG measures
    renal tubular fucntion
  11. Normal urine output
    1-2ml/kg/hr
  12. anuric
    no urine
  13. oliguric
    reduced daily output of urine
  14. Azotemia/uremia
    • build of nitrogenous waste in the blood
    • inc BUN/creatinine
  15. 3 types of azotemia
    • pre-renal
    • renal
    • post renal
  16. Name the azotemia:
    dec perfusion of kidneys
    dehydration
    1.030dogs-1.035cats
    pre-renal
  17. Name the azotemia:
    kidney dz
    urine usually isosthenuric
    renal failure
    infx
    tumors
    renal
  18. Name the azotemia:
    dec ability to release urine
    obstruction/rupture
    anything after kidney
    post renal

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