Thigh/Hip OIA

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Author:
bekahann2017
ID:
235841
Filename:
Thigh/Hip OIA
Updated:
2013-09-20 02:29:35
Tags:
VMED5123 OIA Thigh
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Description:
VMED 5123 OIA Caudal/Medial/Lateral/Cranial Thigh/Hip OIA
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  1. biceps femoris origin
    Origin:The sacrotuberous ligament and the ischiatic tuberosity.
  2. biceps femoris insertion
    • insertion:By means of the fascia lata and crural fascia to the patella, patellar ligament, and cranial border of the tibia
    • by means of the crural fascia to the subcutaneous part of the tibial body
    • the tuber calcanei.
  3. biceps femoris action
    • action:To extend the hip, stifle, and hock 
    • The caudal part of the muscle flexes the stifle.

    • *cranial portion active during stance phase*
    • *caudal portion active during swing phase*
  4. semitendinosus origin
    origin:The ischiatic tuberosity.
  5. semitendinosus insertion
    • insertion:The disto-cranial border of the tibia.
    • The medial surface of the body of the tibia and the tuber calcanei by means of the crural fascia.
  6. semitendinosus action
    action:To extend the hip, flex the stifle, and extend the hock. 

    *extends tarsal joints. Flexes the stifle in non-weight bearing.

    • *active during beginning to first 1/3 of stance phase*
    • *active during initial of swing phase*
  7. semimembranosus origin
    origin: The ischiatic tuberosity.
  8. semimembranosus insertion
    • insertion:The distal medial lip of the caudal rough surface of the femur
    • the medial condyle of the tibia.
  9. semimembranosus action:
    • action:To extend the hip.
    • The part that attaches to the femur extends the stifle;
    • the part that attaches to the tibia flexes or extends the stifle, depending on the position of the limb.

    • *cranial and caudal heads active during early stance phase*
    • *caudal head active during early swing phase*
  10. Sartorius origin
    • origin:Cranial part—the crest of the ilium and the thoracolumbar fascia;
    • caudal part—the cranial ventral iliac spine and the adjacent ventral border of the ilium.
  11. Sartorius insertion
    insertion:Cranial part—the patella, in common with the rectus femoris of the quadriceps; caudal part—the cranial border of the tibia, in common with the gracilis.
  12. Sartorius action
    • action:Both heads: To flex the hip.
    • The cranial part extends the stifle;
    • the caudal part flexes the stifle

    • *active during stance phase*
    • *active during swing phase*
  13. Gracilis origin
    origin:The pelvic symphysis by means of the symphysial tendon.
  14. Gracilis insertion
    insertion:The entire cranial border of the tibia and, with the semitendinosus, the tuber calcanei
  15. Gracilis action
    • action:To adduct the limb,
    • flex the stifle,
    • extend the hip and hock 
    • extend the tarsus

    *active during stance phase*
  16. Pectineus origin
    origin:From the iliopubic eminence and the pubic tubercle via the prepubic tendon.
  17. Pectineus insertion
    insertion:The distal end of the medial lip of the caudal rough face of the femur.
  18. Pectineus action
    action:To adduct the limb
  19. Adductor mm. (adductor longus & adductor magnus et brevis) origin
    origin:the entire pelvic symphysis by means of the symphysial tendon, the adjacent part of the ischiatic arch, and ventral surface of the pubis and ischium.
  20. Adductor mm. (adductor longus & adductor magnus et brevis) insertion
    insertion:The entire lateral lip of the caudal rough face of the femur.
  21. Adductor mm. (adductor longus & adductor magnus et brevis) action
    action:To adduct the limb and extend the hip.
  22. tensor fasciae latae origin
    origin:The tuber coxae and adjacent part of the ilium; the aponeurosis of the middle gluteal muscle.
  23. tensor fasciae latae insertion
    insertion:The lateral femoral fascia.
  24. tensor fasciae latae action
    • action:To tense the lateral femoral fascia,
    • flex the hip,
    • extend the stifle
    • abduct limb
  25. superficial gluteal origin
    • origin:The lateral border of the sacrum and the first caudal vertebra, partly by means of the sacrotuberous ligament;
    • the cranial dorsal iliac spine by means of the deep gluteal fascia.
  26. superficial gluteal insertion
    insertion:The third trochanter.
  27. superficial gluteal action
    action:To extend the hip and abduct the limb.
  28. middle gluteal origin
    origin:The crest and gluteal surface of the ilium.
  29. middle gluteal insertion
    insertion:The greater trochanter
  30. middle gluteal action
    • action:To extend and abduct the hip
    • to rotate the pelvic limb medially
    • prevent lateral rotation when weight bearing
  31. deep gluteal origin
    • origin:The body of the ilium;
    • the ischiatic spine.
  32. deep gluteal insertion
    insertion:The cranial aspect of the greater trochanter
  33. deep gluteal action
    action:To extend and abduct the hip and to rotate the pelvic limb medially.
  34. articularis coxae origin
    origin: lateral surface of ilium
  35. articularis coxae insertion
    insertion:neck of the femur
  36. articularis coxae action
    • action:tense joint capsule
    • flexor of hip joint (minimal)

    *marker of hip joint
  37. internal obturator origin
    origin:The symphysis pelvis and the dorsal surface of the ischium and pubis (including the rami of pubis and ischium, ischiatic table and ischiatic arch)
  38. internal obturator insertion
    insertion:The trochanteric fossa of the femur
  39. internal obturator action
    • action:To rotate the pelvic limb laterally at the hip 
    • prevent medial rotation when weight bearing
  40. gemelli origin
    origin:The lateral surface of the body of ischium, caudal to the acetabulum and ventral to the lesser ischiatic notch
  41. gemelli insertion
    insertion:The trochanteric fossa
  42. gemelli action
    • action:To rotate the pelvic limb laterally at the hip 
    • prevent medial rotation on weight bearing
  43. quadratus femoris origin
    origin:The ventral surface of the caudal part of the ischium
  44. quadratus femoris insertion
    insertion:Intertrochanteric crest ending at the third trochanter
  45. quadratus femoris action
    action:To extend the hip and rotate the pelvic limb laterally.
  46. external obturator origin
    origin:The ventral surface of the pubis and ischium
  47. external obturator insertion
    insertion:The trochanteric fossa.
  48. external obturator action
    • action:To rotate the pelvic limb laterally
    • prevent medial rotation on bearing weight
  49. iliopsoas origin
    • origin:Psoas major—lumbar vertebrae;
    • iliacus—cranioventral ilium
  50. iliopsoas insertion
    insertion:Lesser trochanter
  51. iliopsoas action
    • action:To flex the hip 
    • weight bearing flexes and fixes vertebral column
    • limb caudally extended draws trunk caudally
  52. quadriceps femoris origin
    • origin:Rectus femoris—body of ilium (cranial to acetabulum;
    • vastus medialis—proximal fifth of femur along the line of the medial lip
    • vastus lateralis- craniolateral part of proximal fifth of the femur on the transverse line and on the lateral lip
    • vastus intermedius-proximal fourth of femur and along with vastus lateralis
  53. quadriceps femoris insertion
    insertion:Tibial tuberosity
  54. quadriceps femoris action
    • action:To extend the stifle
    • flex the hip joint(rectus femoris)
    • tense the crural fascia

    *active during stance phase*

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