PSCHOLOGY

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jennx14
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235852
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PSCHOLOGY
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2013-09-19 21:10:42
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PSYCHOLOGY
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PSYCHOLOGY
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  1. Charles Darwin
    suggested that animals including humans have envolved and changed and inspired scientist to study animals in an attempt to better understand humans
  2. Wundt
    • started the first laboratory for studying human in 1879
    • Introspection: looking into yourself and telling what is there

    Introspection is used today to get info about complex feelings
  3. Sigmund Freud
    He discovered one of the first comprehensive theories of personality
  4. Who thought that every one's personality is divided into three parts and what are those 3 parts
    • Sigmund Freud,
    • ID: unconscious and includes the instinctive and primitive behaviors 
    • EGO: responsible for dealing with reality 
    • Supergo: our sense of right or wrong
  5. william james
    • founder of american psychology 
    • wrote a widely used textbook on psychology
  6. who looked at human experiences as a complete whole
    william james
  7. carl rogers
    • most famous  humanists 
    • saw individuals as worthwhile creatures with will and choices
  8. define actualizing
    potential to become something great
  9. john b.watson
    • one of the first behaviorist 
    • wrote a book on child rearing
  10. what was the goal of the book child rearing by john b.watson
    goal was to teach parents how to apply scientific learning principles in bringing up child
  11. "We are what we learn to be" who said this
    John. B. Watson
  12. B. F. Skinner
    • behaviorist 
    • focused on what could be seen and discredited cognitive and psychoanalytic as moving away from science
  13. believed people are controlled by their environment (good or bad)
    B.F.  Skinner
  14. define biopsychological
    • viewing behavior as the result of nervous system function and biology
    • bio study physical processes that take place when you panic and when you relax pychalitist
  15. advantage of biopsychological/neuropsychological
    understanding biological aspects of behavior can help in development treatments for some disorders
  16. disadvantage of biopsychological/neuropsychological
    it does little to explain social influence on behavior
  17. define psychoanalytical
    • a system of viewing the individual as the product of unconscious forces 
    • P.A. try to understand what kinds of perceptions thinking and memory go below our level of awareness and without our control
  18. advantage of psychoanalytical
    provides a framework for analyzing though processes below consciousness
  19. disadvantage of psychoanalytical
    focuses on how people are only products of mostly negative unconscious impulses 
  20. define behavioral 
    viewing behavior as the product of learning and association 
  21. What do behavioral psychologist study 
    what events in our past have shaped who we are today 
  22. advantage of behavioral 
    can help parents teach children appropriate behavior 
  23. disadvantage of behavioral 
    it takes away our "free will"
  24. define cognitive 
    emphasis how human use mental processes to handle problems or develop certain personality characteristics 
  25. what do cognitive psychologist believe
    that if we replace internal sentences with useful ones it can change your thinking process
  26. advantage of cognitive 
    it analyzes how thoughts affect behavior most popularly 
  27. disadvantage of cognitive 
    downplays the role of emotions 
  28. sociocultural define
    behavior viewed  as strongly influenced by the rules and expectations of specific social groups or cultures 
  29. sociocultural psychologist study what
    study how cultures affect performance on test, education,crime, and emotion 
  30. advantage of sociocultural
    helps psychologists to counsel people from different cultures and to understand social influences on behavior

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